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Numbers 35:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jehovah spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, saying,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the LORD spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan [near] Jericho, saying,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the LORD spoke to Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan [opposite] Jericho, saying,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the LORD spoke to Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan [near] Jericho, saying,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah spoke to Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan of Jericho, saying,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Yahweh spake unto Moses in the waste plains of Moab,—by Jordan, near Jericho, saying:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, in the plains of Moab, by Jordan, [near] Jericho, saying,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord spoke these things also to Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan, over against Jericho:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the LORD spake vnto Moses in the plaines of Moab by Iordane, neere Iericho, saying,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord spoke to Mosheh{gr.Moses} to the west of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yahweh spake unto Mosheh in the plains of Moav by Yarden [near] Yericho, saying,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
spake 1696
{1696} Prime
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
unto x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
M מֹשֶׁה 4872
{4872} Prime
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
in the plains 6160
{6160} Prime
From H6150 (in the sense of sterility); a desert; especially (with the article prefixed) the (generally) sterile valley of the Jordan and its continuation to the Red Sea.
of Mv מוֹאָב 4124
{4124} Prime
From a prolonged form of the prepositional prefix 'm-' and H0001; from (her (the mother's)) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants.
by x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Yardn יַרדֵּן 3383
{3383} Prime
From H3381; a descender; Jarden, the principal river of Palestine.
[near] Yr יְרִיחוֹ, 3405
{3405} Prime
Perhaps from H3394; its month; or else from H7306; fragrant; Jericho or Jerecho, a place in Palestine.
saying, 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 35:1

_ _ Numbers 35:1-5. Forty-eight cities given to the Levites.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Numbers 35:1-8

_ _ The laws about the tithes and offerings had provided very plentifully for the maintenance of the Levites, but it was not to be thought, nor indeed was it for the public good, that when they came to Canaan they should all live about the tabernacle, as they had done in the wilderness, and therefore care must be taken to provide habitations for them, in which they might live comfortably and usefully. It is this which is here taken care of.

_ _ I. Cities were allotted them, with their suburbs, Numbers 35:2. They were not to have any ground for tillage; they needed not to sow, nor reap, nor gather into barns, for their heavenly Father fed them with the tithe of the increase of other people's labours, that they might the more closely attend to the study of the law, and might have more leisure to teach the people; for they were not fed thus easily that they might live in idleness, but that they might give themselves wholly to the business of their profession, and not be entangled in the affairs of this life. 1. Cities were allotted them, that they might live near together, and converse with one another about the law, to their mutual edification; and that in doubtful cases they might consult one another, and in all cases strengthen one another's hands. 2. These cities had suburbs annexed to them for their cattle (Numbers 35:3), a thousand cubits from the wall was allowed them for out-houses to keep their cattle in, and then two thousand more for fields to graze their cattle in, Numbers 35:4, Numbers 35:5. Thus was care taken that they should not only live, but live plentifully, and have all desirable conveniences about them, that they might not be looked upon with contempt by their neighbours.

_ _ II. These cities were to be assigned them out of the possessions of each tribe, Numbers 35:8. 1. That each tribe might thus make a grateful acknowledgment to God out of their real as well as out of their personal estates (for what was given to the Levites was accepted as given to the Lord) and thus their possessions were sanctified to them. 2. That each tribe might have the benefit of the Levites' dwelling among them, to teach them the good knowledge of the Lord; thus that light was diffused through all parts of the country, and none were left to sit in darkness, Deuteronomy 33:10, They shall teach Jacob thy judgments. Jacob's curse on Levi's anger was, I will scatter them in Israel, Genesis 49:7. But that curse was turned into a blessing, and the Levites, by being thus scattered, were put into a capacity of doing so much the more good. It is a great mercy to a country to be replenished in all parts with faithful ministers.

_ _ III. The number allotted them was forty-eight in all, four out of each of the twelve tribes, one with another. Out of the united tribes of Simeon and Judah nine, out of Naphtali three, and four apiece out of the rest, as appears, Jos. 21. Thus were they blessed with a good ministry, and that ministry with a comfortable maintenance, not only in tithes, but in glebe-lands. And, though the gospel is not so particular as the law was in this matter, yet it expressly provides that he that is taught in the word should communicate unto him that teaches in all good things, Galatians 6:6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Numbers 22:1 And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in the plains of Moab on this side Jordan [by] Jericho.
Numbers 26:63 These [are] they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who numbered the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan [near] Jericho.
Numbers 31:12 And they brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, unto Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and unto the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the camp at the plains of Moab, which [are] by Jordan [near] Jericho.
Numbers 33:50 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan [near] Jericho, saying,
Numbers 36:13 These [are] the commandments and the judgments, which the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses unto the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan [near] Jericho.
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