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Numbers 33:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— These are the journeys of the children of Israel, when they went forth out of the land of Egypt by their hosts under the hand of Moses and Aaron.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— These [are] the journeys of the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— These are the journeys of the sons of Israel, by which they came out from the land of Egypt by their armies, under the leadership of Moses and Aaron.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— These [are] the journeys of the children of Israel, who went forth from the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— These are the journeys of the children of Israel, who went forth out of the land of Egypt according to their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— These, are the departures of the sons of Israel, whereby they came forth out of the land of Egypt, by their hosts,—in the hand of Moses and Aaron.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— These [are] journeys of the sons of Israel who have come out of the land of Egypt, by their hosts, by the hand of Moses and Aaron;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— These are the mansions of the children of Israel, who went out of Egypt by their troops under the conduct of Moses and Aaron,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— These [are] the iourneyes of the children of Israel, which went foorth out of the land of Egypt, with their armies, vnder the hand of Moses and Aaron.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And these are the stages of the children of Israel, as they went out from the land of Mizraim{gr.Egypt} with their host by the hand of Mosheh{gr.Moses} and Aaron.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— These [are] the journeys of the children of Yisrael, which went forth out of the land of Mitzrayim with their armies under the hand of Mosheh and Aharon.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
These x428
(0428) Complement
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[are] the journeys 4550
{4550} Prime
From H5265; a departure (from striking the tents), that is, march (not necessarily a single day's travel); by implication a station (or point of departure).
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל, 3478
{3478} Prime
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
which x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
went forth 3318
{3318} Prime
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
out of the land 776
{0776} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Mixrayim מִצרַיִם 4714
{4714} Prime
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
with their armies 6635
{6635} Prime
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
under the hand 3027
{3027} Prime
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
of M מֹשֶׁה 4872
{4872} Prime
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
and Ahrn אַהֲרֹן. 175
{0175} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 33:1

_ _ Numbers 33:1-15. Two and forty journeys of the Israelites — From Egypt to Sinai.

_ _ These are the journeys of the children of Israel — This chapter may be said to form the winding up of the history of the travels of the Israelites through the wilderness; for the three following chapters relate to matters connected with the occupation and division of the promised land. As several apparent discrepancies will be discovered on comparing the records here given of the journeyings from Sinai with the detailed accounts of the events narrated in the Book of Exodus and the occasional notices of places that are found in that of Deuteronomy, it is probable that this itinerary comprises a list of only the most important stations in their journeys — those where they formed prolonged encampments, and whence they dispersed their flocks and herds to pasture on the adjacent plains till the surrounding herbage was exhausted. The catalogue extends from their departure out of Egypt to their arrival on the plains of Moab.

_ _ went forth ... with their armies — that is, a vast multitude marshalled in separate companies, but regular order.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Numbers 33:1-49

_ _ This is a review and brief rehearsal of the travels of the children of Israel through the wilderness. It was a memorable history and well worthy to be thus abridged, and the abridgment thus preserved, to the honour of God that led them and for the encouragement of the generations that followed. Observe here,

_ _ I. How the account was kept: Moses wrote their goings out, Numbers 33:2. When they began this tedious march, God ordered him to keep a journal or diary, and to insert in it all the remarkable occurrences of their way, that it might be a satisfaction to himself in the review and an instruction to others when it should be published. It may be of good use to private Christians, but especially to those in public stations, to preserve in writing an account of the providences of God concerning them, the constant series of mercies they have experienced, especially those turns and changes which have made some days of their lives more remarkable. Our memories are deceitful and need this help, that we may remember all the way which the Lord our God has led us in this wilderness, Deuteronomy 8:2.

_ _ II. What the account itself was. It began with their departure out of Egypt, continued with their march through the wilderness, and ended in the plains of Moab, where they now lay encamped.

_ _ 1. Some things are observed here concerning their departure out of Egypt, which they are reminded of upon all occasions, as a work of wonder never to be forgotten. (1.) That they went forth with their armies (Numbers 33:1), rank and file, as an army with banners. (2.) Under the hand of Moses and Aaron, their guides, overseers, and rulers, under God. (3.) With a high hand, because God's hand was high that wrought for them, and in the sight of all the Egyptians, Numbers 33:3. They did not steal away clandestinely (Isaiah 52:12), but in defiance of their enemies, to whom God had made them such a burdensome stone that they neither could, nor would, nor durst, oppose them. (4.) They went forth while the Egyptians were burying, or at least preparing to bury, their first-born, Numbers 33:4. They had a mind good enough, or rather bad enough, still to have detained the Israelites their prisoners, but God found them other work to do. They would have God's first-born buried alive, but God set them a burying their own first-born. (5.) To all the plagues of Egypt it is added here that on their gods also the Lord executed judgments. Their idols which they worshipped, it is probable, were broken down, as Dagon afterwards before the ark, so that they could not consult them about this great affair. To this perhaps there is reference, Isaiah 19:1, The idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence.

_ _ 2. Concerning their travels towards Canaan. Observe, (1.) They were continually upon the remove. When they had pitched a little while in one place they departed from that to another. Such is our state in this world; we have here no continuing city. (2.) Most of their way lay through a wilderness, uninhabited, untracked, unfurnished even with the necessaries of human life, which magnifies the wisdom and power of God, by whose wonderful conduct and bounty the thousands of Israel not only subsisted for forty years in that desolate place, but came out at least as numerous and vigorous as they went in. At first they pitched in the edge of the wilderness (Numbers 33:6), but afterwards in the heart of it; by less difficulties God prepares his people for greater. We find them in the wilderness of Etham (Numbers 33:8), of Sin (Numbers 33:11), of Sinai, Numbers 33:15. Our removals in this world are but from one wilderness to another. (3.) They were led to and fro, forward and backward, as in a maze or labyrinth, and yet were all the while under the direction of the pillar of cloud and fire. He led them about (Deuteronomy 32:10), and yet led them the right way, Psalms 107:7. The way which God takes in bringing his people to himself is always the best way, though it does not always seem to us the nearest way. (4.) Some events are mentioned in this journal, as their want of water at Rephidim (Numbers 33:14), the death of Aaron (Numbers 33:38, Numbers 33:39), the insult of Arad (Numbers 33:40); and the very name of Kibroth-hattaavahthe graves of lusts (Numbers 33:16), has a story depending upon it. Thus we ought to keep in mind the providences of God concerning us and our families, us and our land, and the many instances of that divine care which has led us, and fed us, and kept us, all our days hitherto. Shittim, the place where the people sinned in the matter of Peor (Numbers 25:1), is here called Abel-shittim. Abel signifies mourning (as Genesis 50:11), and probably this place was so called from the mourning of the good people of Israel on account of that sin and of God's wrath against them for it. It was so great a mourning that it gave a name to the place.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 33:1

These [are] the (a) journeys of the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron.

(a) From which they departed, and where they came.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
with their armies:

Exodus 12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot [that were] men, beside children.
Exodus 12:51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, [that] the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.
Exodus 13:18 But God led the people about, [through] the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt.

under the hand:

Joshua 24:5 I sent Moses also and Aaron, and I plagued Egypt, according to that which I did among them: and afterward I brought you out.
1 Samuel 12:8 When Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers cried unto the LORD, then the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, which brought forth your fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this place.
Psalms 77:20 Thou leddest thy people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
Micah 6:4 For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed thee out of the house of servants; and I sent before thee Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.
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Ex 12:37, 51; 13:18. Jsh 24:5. 1S 12:8. Ps 77:20. Mi 6:4.

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