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Numbers 32:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they came near unto him, and said, We will build sheepfolds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they came near unto him, and said, We will build sheepfolds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then they came near to him and said, “We will build here sheepfolds for our livestock and cities for our little ones;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they came near to him, and said, We will build sheep-folds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they drew near to him, and said, We will build sheepfolds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then came they near unto him, and said, Folds for flocks, would we build for our cattle, here,—and cities for our little ones;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And they come nigh unto him, and say, 'Folds for the flock we build for our cattle here, and cities for our infants;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But they coming near, said: We will make sheepfolds, and stalls for our cattle, and strong cities for our children:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they came neere vnto him, and said, Wee will build sheepfoldes here for our cattell, and cities for our litle ones.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they came to him, and said, We will build here folds for our cattle, and cities for our possessions;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they came near unto him, and said, We will build sheepfolds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they came near 5066
{5066} Prime
נגשׁ
nagash
{naw-gash'}
A primitive root; to be or come (causatively bring) near (for any purpose); euphemistically to lie with a woman; as an enemy, to attack; religiously to worship; causatively to present; figuratively to adduce an argument; by reversal, to stand back.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
him, and said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
We will build 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
sheepfolds 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
y1448
[1448] Standard
גְּדֵרָה
g@derah
{ghed-ay-raw'}
Feminine of H1447; inclosure (especially for flocks).
x1488
(1488) Complement
גֵּז
gez
{gaze}
From H1494; a fleece (as shorn); also mown grass.
here x6311
(6311) Complement
פֹּה
poh
{po}
Probably from a primitive inseparable particle פּ p (the second form; of demonstrative force) and H1931; this place (French, iši), that is, here or hence.
for our cattle, 4735
{4735} Prime
מִקְנֶה
miqneh
{mik-neh'}
From H7069; something bought, that is, property, but only live stock; abstractly acquisition.
and cities 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
for our little ones: 2945
{2945} Prime
טַף
taph
{taf}
From H2952 (perhaps referring to the tripping gait of children); a family (mostly used collectively in the singular).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 32:6-19.


Numbers 32:16

_ _ they came near — The narrative gives a picturesque description of this scene. The suppliants had shrunk back, dreading from the undisguised emotions of their leader that their request would be refused. But, perceiving, from the tenor of his discourse, that his objection was grounded only on the supposition that they would not cross the Jordan to assist their brethren, they became emboldened to approach him with assurances of their goodwill.

_ _ We will build sheepfolds here for our cattle, and cities for our little ones — that is, rebuild, repair. It would have been impossible within two months to found new cities, or even to reconstruct those which had been razed to the ground. Those cities of the Amorites were not absolutely demolished, and they probably consisted only of mud-built, or dry-stone walls.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Numbers 32:16-27

_ _ We have here the accommodating of the matter between Moses and the two tribes, about their settlement on this side Jordan. Probably the petitioners withdrew, and considered with themselves what answer they should return to the severe reproof Moses had given them; and, after some consultation, they return with this proposal, that their men of war should go and assist their brethren in the conquest of Canaan, and they would leave their families and flocks behind them in this land: and thus they might have their request, and no harm would be done. Now it is uncertain whether they designed this at first when they brought their petition or no. If they did, it is an instance how often that which is honestly meant is unhappily misinterpreted; yet Moses herein was excusable, for he had reason to suspect the worst of them, and the rebuke he gave them was from the abundance of his care to prevent sin. But, if they did not, it is an instance of the good effect of plain dealing; Moses, by showing them their sin, and the danger of it, brought them to their duty without murmuring or disputing. They object not that their brethren were able to contend with the Canaanites without their help, especially since they were sure of God's fighting for them; but engage themselves to stand by them.

_ _ I. Their proposal is very fair and generous, and such as, instead of disheartening, would rather encourage their brethren. 1. That their men of war, who were fit for service, would go ready armed before the children of Israel into the land of Canaan. So far would they be from deserting them that, if it were thought fit, they would lead them on, and be foremost is all dangerous enterprises. So far were they from either distrusting or despising the conquest of Canaan that they would assist in it with the utmost readiness and resolution. 2. That they would leave behind them their families and cattle (which would otherwise be but the incumbrance of their camp), and so they would be the more serviceable to their brethren, Numbers 32:16. 3. That they would not return to their possessions till the conquest of Canaan was completed, Numbers 32:18. Their brethren should have their best help as long as they needed it. 4. That yet they would not expect any share of the land that was yet to be conquered (Numbers 32:19): “We will not desire to inherit with them, nor, under colour of assisting them in the war, put in for a share with them in the land; no, we will be content with our inheritance on this side Jordan, and there will be so much the more on yonder side for them.”

_ _ II. Moses thereupon grants their request, upon consideration that they would adhere to their proposals. 1. He insists much upon it that they should never lay down their arms till their brethren laid down theirs. They promised to go armed before the children of Israel, Numbers 32:17. “Nay,” says Moses, “you shall go armed before the Lord, Numbers 32:20, Numbers 32:21. It is God's cause more than your brethren's, and to him you must have an eye, and not to them only.” Before the Lord, that is, before the ark of the Lord, the token of his presence, which, it should seem, they carried about with them in the wars of Canaan, and immediately before which these two tribes were posted, as we find in the order of their march, Numbers 2:10, Numbers 2:17. 2. Upon this condition he grants them this land for their possession, and tells them they shall be guiltless before the Lord and before Israel, Numbers 32:22. They should have the land, and neither sin nor blame should cleave to it, neither sin before God nor blame before Israel; and, whatever possessions we have, it is desirable thus to come guiltless to them. But, 3. He warns them of the danger of breaking their word: “If you fail, you sin against the Lord (Numbers 32:23), and not against your brethren only, and be sure your sin will find you out;” that is, “God will certainly reckon with you for it, though you may make a light matter of it.” Note, Sin will, without doubt, find out the sinner sooner or later. It concerns us therefore to find our sins out, that we may repent of them and forsake them, lest our sins find us out to our ruin and confusion.

_ _ III. They unanimously agree to the provisos and conditions of the grant, and do, as it were, give bond for performance, by a solemn promise: Thy servants will do as my lord commandeth, Numbers 32:25. Their brethren had all contributed their assistance to the conquest of this country, which they desired for a possession, and therefore they owned themselves obliged in justice to help them in the conquest of that which was to be their possession. Having received kindness, we ought to return it, though it was not so conditioned when we received it. We may suppose that this promise was understood, on both sides, so as not to oblige all that were numbered of these tribes to go over armed, but those only that were fittest for the expedition, who would be most serviceable, while it was necessary that some should be left to till the ground and guard the country; and accordingly we find that about 40,000 of the two tribes and a half went over armed (Joshua 4:13), whereas their whole number was about 100,000.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
This proposal was very equitable, and it was honestly made and faithfully executed; though it did not imply that all men capable of bearing arms should go, and so leave their families and possessions defenceless, but only a sufficient detachment of them. Among the inhabitants of the land were the Ammonites, Moabites, Idumeans, and the remains of the Midianites and Amorites; and as it was impossible for the women and children to keep the defenced cities, when placed in them, many of the men of war must of course stay behind. In the last census (
Numbers 26:1 And it came to pass after the plague, that the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, saying,
), the tribe of Reuben consisted of 43,730 men; the tribe of Gad 40,500; and the tribe of Manasseh 52,700; the half of which is 26,350; which together amount to 110,580. Now from
Joshua 4:13 About forty thousand prepared for war passed over before the LORD unto battle, to the plains of Jericho.
, we learn, that of these tribes only 40,000 armed men passed over Jordan to assist their brethren. Consequently 70,580 men were left behind for the defence of the women, the children, and the flocks. Which was amply sufficient for this purpose.
Numbers 34:22 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Dan, Bukki the son of Jogli.
Genesis 33:17 And Jacob journeyed to Succoth, and built him an house, and made booths for his cattle: therefore the name of the place is called Succoth.
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Gn 33:17. Nu 26:1; 34:22. Jsh 4:13.

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