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Numbers 31:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they slew the kings of Midian with the rest of their slain: Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, the five kings of Midian: Balaam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they slew the kings of Midian, beside the rest of them that were slain; [namely], Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian: Balaam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They killed the kings of Midian along with the [rest of] their slain: Evi and Rekem and Zur and Hur and Reba, the five kings of Midian; they also killed Balaam the son of Beor with the sword.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they slew the kings of Midian, besides the rest of them that were slain; [namely], Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian: Balaam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they slew the kings of Midian, besides the others slain, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian; and Balaam the son of Beor they slew with the sword.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, the kings of Midian, slew they besides their other slain—namely, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian,—Balaam also, son of Beor, slew they with the sword.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the kings of Midian they have slain, besides their pierced ones, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian; and Balaam son of Beor, they have slain with the sword.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And their kings Evi, and Recem, and Sur, and Hur, and Rebe, five princes of the nation: Balaam also the son of Beor they killed with the sword.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they slew the Kings of Midian, beside the rest of them that were slaine; [namely] Eui, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, fiue Kings of Midian; Balaam also the sonne of Beor they slew with the sword.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they slew the kings of Midian{gr.Madian} together with their slain [subjects]; even Evi and Rocon, and Shur{gr.Sur}, and Ur, and Roboc, five kings of Midian{gr.Madian}; and they slew with the sword Balaam the son of Beor with their [other] slain.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they slew the kings of Midyan, beside the rest of them that were slain; [namely], Ewi, and Reqem, and Tzur, and Chur, and Reva, five kings of Midyan: Bilam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they slew 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Miyn מִדיָן, 4080
{4080} Prime
מִדְיָן
Midyan
{mid-yawn'}
The same as H4079; Midjan, a son of Abraham; also his country and (collectively) his descendants.
beside 5921
{5921} Prime
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the rest of them that were slain; 2491
{2491} Prime
חָלָל
chalal
{khaw-lawl'}
From H2490; pierced (especially to death); figuratively polluted.
[namely], x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
w אֱוִי, 189
{0189} Prime
אֱוִי
'Eviy
{ev-ee'}
Probably from H0183; desirous; Evi, a Midianitish chief.
and Rekem רֶקֶם, 7552
{7552} Prime
רֶקֶם
Reqem
{reh'-kem}
From H7551; versicolor; Rekem, the name of a place in Palestine, also of a Midianite and an Israelite.
and Xr צוּר, 6698
{6698} Prime
צוּר
Tsuwr
{tsoor}
The same as H6697; rock; Tsur, the name of a Midianite and of an Israelite.
and r חוּר, 2354
{2354} Prime
חוּר
Chuwr
{khoor}
The same as H2353 or H2352; Chur, the name of four Israelites and one Midianite.
and Reva` רֶבַע, 7254
{7254} Prime
רֶבַע
Reba`
{reh'-bah}
The same as H7253; Reba, a Midianite.
five 2568
{2568} Prime
חָמֵשׁ
chamesh
{khaw-maysh'}
A primitive numeral; five.
kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Miyn מִדיָן: 4080
{4080} Prime
מִדְיָן
Midyan
{mid-yawn'}
The same as H4079; Midjan, a son of Abraham; also his country and (collectively) his descendants.
Bil`m בִּלעָם 1109
{1109} Prime
בִּלְעָם
Bil`am
{bil-awm'}
Probably from H1077 and H5971; not (of the) people, that is, foreigner; Bilam, a Mesopotamian prophet; also a place in Palestine.
also the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of B`r בְּעוֹר 1160
{1160} Prime
בְּעוֹר
B@`owr
{beh-ore'}
From H1197 (in the sense of burning); a lamp; Beor, the name of the father of an Edomitish king; also of that of Balaam.
they slew 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with the sword. 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 31:8

_ _ the kings of Midian — so called, because each was possessed of absolute power within his own city or district; called also dukes or princes of Sihon (Joshua 13:21), having been probably subject to that Amorite ruler, as it is not uncommon in the East to find a number of governors or pachas tributary to one great king.

_ _ Zur — father of Cozbi (Numbers 25:15).

_ _ Balaam also ... they slew with the sword — This unprincipled man, on his dismissal from Balak, set out for his home in Mesopotamia (Numbers 24:25). But, either diverging from his way to tamper with the Midianites, he remained among them without proceeding farther, to incite them against Israel and to watch the effects of his wicked counsel; or, learning in his own country that the Israelites had fallen into the snare which he had laid and which he doubted not would lead to their ruin, he had, under the impulse of insatiable greed, returned to demand his reward from the Midianites. He was an object of merited vengeance. In the immense slaughter of the Midianitish people — in the capture of their women, children, and property and in the destruction of all their places of refuge — the severity of a righteous God fell heavily on that base and corrupt race. But, more than all others, Balaam deserved and got the just reward of his deeds. His conduct had been atrociously sinful, considering the knowledge he possessed, and the revelations he had received, of the will of God. For any one in his circumstances to attempt defeating the prophecies he had himself been the organ of uttering, and plotting to deprive the chosen people of the divine favor and protection, was an act of desperate wickedness, which no language can adequately characterize.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 31:7-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 31:8

And they slew the kings of Midian, beside the rest of them that were slain; [namely], Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian: (c) Balaam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword.

(c) The false prophet who gave counsel how to cause the Israelites to offend their God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the kings:

Numbers 22:4 And Moab said unto the elders of Midian, Now shall this company lick up all [that are] round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field. And Balak the son of Zippor [was] king of the Moabites at that time.
Joshua 13:21-22 And all the cities of the plain, and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, which reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses smote with the princes of Midian, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, [which were] dukes of Sihon, dwelling in the country. ... Balaam also the son of Beor, the soothsayer, did the children of Israel slay with the sword among them that were slain by them.

Zur:

Numbers 25:15 And the name of the Midianitish woman that was slain [was] Cozbi, the daughter of Zur; he [was] head over a people, [and] of a chief house in Midian.
Numbers 25:18 For they vex you with their wiles, wherewith they have beguiled you in the matter of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of a prince of Midian, their sister, which was slain in the day of the plague for Peor's sake.

Balaam:

Numbers 22:10 And Balaam said unto God, Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, hath sent unto me, [saying],
Numbers 24:25 And Balaam rose up, and went and returned to his place: and Balak also went his way.
Joshua 13:22 Balaam also the son of Beor, the soothsayer, did the children of Israel slay with the sword among them that were slain by them.
Psalms 9:16 The LORD is known [by] the judgment [which] he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah.
Psalms 10:2 The wicked in [his] pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined.
1 Timothy 6:9-10 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and [into] many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition. ... For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
2 Peter 2:15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;
Jude 1:11 Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.
Revelation 2:14 But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.
Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 22:4, 10; 24:25; 25:15, 18. Jsh 13:21, 22. Ps 9:16; 10:2. 1Ti 6:9. 2P 2:15. Jde 1:11. Rv 2:14; 19:20.

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