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Numbers 31:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and divide the prey into two parts: between the men skilled in war, that went out to battle, and all the congregation.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And divide the prey into two parts; between them that took the war upon them, who went out to battle, and between all the congregation:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and divide the booty between the warriors who went out to battle and all the congregation.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And divide the prey into two parts; between them that took the war upon them, who went out to battle, and between all the congregation:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and divide the prey into halves, between them that conducted the war, who went out to the battle, and the whole assembly.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and divide the booty into two parts, between them who took upon them the war, who went out in the host,—and all the [rest of the] assembly.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and thou hast halved the prey between those handling the battle who go out to the host and all the company;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And thou shalt divide the spoil equally, between them that fought and went out to the war, and between the rest of the multitude.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And diuide the pray into two parts, betweene them that tooke the warre vpon them, who went out to battell, and betweene all the Congregation.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And ye shall divide the spoils between the warriors that went out to battle, and the whole congregation.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And divide the prey into two parts; between them that took the war upon them, who went out to battle, and between all the congregation:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And divide 2673
{2673} Prime
חָצָה
chatsah
{khaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root (compare H2686); to cut or split in two; to halve.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the prey 4455
{4455} Prime
מַלְקוֹחַ
malqowach
{mal-ko'-akh}
From H3947; transitively (in dual) the jaws (as taking food); intransitively spoil (and captives), (as taken).
into two parts; y2673
[2673] Standard
חָצָה
chatsah
{khaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root (compare H2686); to cut or split in two; to halve.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
between x996
(0996) Complement
בַּיִן
beyn
{bane}
(Sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly the constructively contracted form of an otherwise unused noun from H0995; a distinction; but used only as a preposition, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjugation, either... or.
them that took 8610
{8610} Prime
תָּפַשׂ
taphas
{taw-fas'}
A primitive root; to manipulate, that is, seize; chiefly to capture, wield; specifically to overlay; figuratively to use unwarrantably.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the war 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
upon them, who went out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to battle, 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
and between x996
(0996) Complement
בַּיִן
beyn
{bane}
(Sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly the constructively contracted form of an otherwise unused noun from H0995; a distinction; but used only as a preposition, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjugation, either... or.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the congregation: 5712
{5712} Prime
עֵדָה
`edah
{ay-daw'}
Feminine of H5707 in the original sense of fixture; a stated assemblage (specifically a concourse, or generally a family or crowd).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 31:25-39.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 31:25-47.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 31:27

Two parts — The congregation hath some share, because the warriors went in the name of all, and because all having been injured by the Midianites, all were to have some share in the reparations: but the warriors who were but 12000, have a far greater share than their brethren, because they underwent greater pains and dangers.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
two parts:

Joshua 22:8 And he spake unto them, saying, Return with much riches unto your tents, and with very much cattle, with silver, and with gold, and with brass, and with iron, and with very much raiment: divide the spoil of your enemies with your brethren.
1 Samuel 30:4 Then David and the people that [were] with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep.
1 Samuel 30:24-25 For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part [is] that goeth down to the battle, so [shall] his part [be] that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike. ... And it was [so] from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.
Psalms 68:12 Kings of armies did flee apace: and she that tarried at home divided the spoil.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jsh 22:8. 1S 30:4, 24. Ps 68:12.

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