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Numbers 31:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Take full vengeance for the sons of Israel on the Midianites; afterward you will be gathered to your people.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered to thy people.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Avenge the children of Israel upon the Midianites; afterwards shalt thou be gathered unto thy peoples.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Exact thou, the avenging of the sons of Israel, from the Midianites,—and, afterwards, shalt thou be withdrawn unto thy kinsfolk.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Execute the vengeance of the sons of Israel against the Midianites—afterwards thou art gathered unto thy people.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Revenge first the children of Israel on the Madianites, and so thou shalt be gathered to thy people.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Auenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered vnto thy people.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Avenge the wrongs of the children of Israel on the Midianites{gr.Madianites}, and afterwards thou shalt be added to thy people.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Avenge the children of Yisrael of the Midyanim: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Avenge 5358
{5358} Prime
נָקַם
naqam
{naw-kam'}
A primitive root; to grudge, that is, avenge or punish.
5360
{5360} Prime
נְקָמָה
n@qamah
{nek-aw-maw'}
Feminine of H5359; avengement, whether the act or the passion.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
the Miynm מִדיָנִים: 4084
{4084} Prime
מִדְיָנִי
Midyaniy
{mid-yaw-nee'}
Patronymic or patrial from H4080; a Midjanite or descendant (native) of Midjan.
afterward 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
shalt thou be gathered 622
{0622} Prime
אסף
'acaph
{aw-saf'}
A primitive root; to gather for any purpose; hence to receive, take away, that is, remove (destroy, leave behind, put up, restore, etc.).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
thy people. 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 31:1-2.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 31:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Avenge:

Numbers 31:3 And Moses spake unto the people, saying, Arm some of yourselves unto the war, and let them go against the Midianites, and avenge the LORD of Midian.
Numbers 25:17-18 Vex the Midianites, and smite them: ... For they vex you with their wiles, wherewith they have beguiled you in the matter of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of a prince of Midian, their sister, which was slain in the day of the plague for Peor's sake.
Deuteronomy 32:35 To me [belongeth] vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in [due] time: for the day of their calamity [is] at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste.
Judges 16:24 And when the people saw him, they praised their god: for they said, Our god hath delivered into our hands our enemy, and the destroyer of our country, which slew many of us.
Judges 16:28-30 And Samson called unto the LORD, and said, O Lord GOD, remember me, I pray thee, and strengthen me, I pray thee, only this once, O God, that I may be at once avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes. ... And Samson said, Let me die with the Philistines. And he bowed himself with [all his] might; and the house fell upon the lords, and upon all the people that [were] therein. So the dead which he slew at his death were more than [they] which he slew in his life.
Psalms 94:1-3 O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself. ... LORD, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph?
Isaiah 1:24 Therefore saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me of mine enemies:
Nahum 1:2 God [is] jealous, and the LORD revengeth; the LORD revengeth, and [is] furious; the LORD will take vengeance on his adversaries, and he reserveth [wrath] for his enemies.
Luke 21:22 For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.
Romans 12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but [rather] give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance [is] mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.
Romans 13:4 For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to [execute] wrath upon him that doeth evil.
1 Thessalonians 4:6 That no [man] go beyond and defraud his brother in [any] matter: because that the Lord [is] the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.
Hebrews 10:30 For we know him that hath said, Vengeance [belongeth] unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.
Revelation 6:10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?
Revelation 18:20 Rejoice over her, [thou] heaven, and [ye] holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her.
Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous [are] his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.

the Midianites:

Numbers 25:6 And, behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, who [were] weeping [before] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Numbers 25:14-18 Now the name of the Israelite that was slain, [even] that was slain with the Midianitish woman, [was] Zimri, the son of Salu, a prince of a chief house among the Simeonites. ... For they vex you with their wiles, wherewith they have beguiled you in the matter of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of a prince of Midian, their sister, which was slain in the day of the plague for Peor's sake.
Genesis 25:1-4 Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name [was] Keturah. ... And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, and Hanoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these [were] the children of Keturah.
Exodus 2:16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew [water], and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

gathered:

Numbers 27:13 And when thou hast seen it, thou also shalt be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron thy brother was gathered.
Genesis 15:15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age.
Genesis 25:8 Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full [of years]; and was gathered to his people.
Genesis 25:17 And these [are] the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people.
Judges 2:10 And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD, nor yet the works which he had done for Israel.
Acts 13:36 For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 15:15; 25:1, 8, 17. Ex 2:16. Nu 25:6, 14, 17; 27:13; 31:3. Dt 32:35. Jg 2:10; 16:24, 28. Ps 94:1. Is 1:24. Na 1:2. Lk 21:22. Ac 13:36. Ro 12:19; 13:4. 1Th 4:6. He 10:30. Rv 6:10; 18:20; 19:2.

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