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Numbers 31:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Now therefore, kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman who has known man intimately.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And now slay every male among the little ones, and slay every woman that hath known man by lying with him,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, therefore, slay ye every male among the young,—every woman also that hath cohabited with man, slay ye.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And now, slay ye every male among the infants, yea, every woman known of man by the lying of a male ye have slain;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore kill all that are of the male sex, even of the children: and put to death the women, that have carnally known men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now therefore kill euery male among the little ones, and kill euery woman that hath knowen man, by lying with him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Now then slay every male in all the spoil, slay every woman, who has known the lying with man.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now x6258
(6258) Complement
אַתָּה
`attah
{at-taw'}
From H6256; at this time, whether adverbial, conjugational or expletive.
therefore kill 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
male 2145
{2145} Prime
זָכָר
zakar
{zaw-kawr'}
From H2142; properly remembered, that is, a male (of man or animals, as being the most noteworthy sex).
among the little ones, 2945
{2945} Prime
טַף
taph
{taf}
From H2952 (perhaps referring to the tripping gait of children); a family (mostly used collectively in the singular).
and kill 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
woman 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
that hath known 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
by lying 4904
{4904} Prime
מִשְׁכָּב
mishkab
{mish-kawb'}
From H7901; a bed (figuratively a bier); abstractly sleep; by euphemism carnal intercourse.
with him. 2145
{2145} Prime
זָכָר
zakar
{zaw-kawr'}
From H2142; properly remembered, that is, a male (of man or animals, as being the most noteworthy sex).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 31:14-18.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 31:13-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 31:17

The little ones — Which they were forbidden to do to other people, Deuteronomy 20:14, except the Canaanites, to whom this people had equaled themselves by their horrid crimes, and therefore it is not strange, nor unjust, that God, the supreme Lord of all mens lives, who as he gives them, so may take them away when he pleaseth, did equal them in the punishment. Every woman — Partly for punishment, because the guilt was general, and though some of them only did prostitute themselves to the Israelites, yet the rest made themselves accessary by their consent or approbation; and partly, for prevention of the like mischief from such an adulterous generation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 31:17

Now therefore kill every male among the (g) little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him.

(g) That is, all the boy children.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
kill every male:
The sword of war should spare women and children, as incapable of resisting; but the sword of justice knows no distinction, except that of guilty or not guilty, or more or less guilty. This was the execution of a righteous sentence upon a guilty nation, in which the women were the greatest criminals; and it may safely be said, that their lives were forfeited by their personal transgressions. With respect to the execution of the male infants, who cannot be supposed to have been guilty, God, the author and supporter of life, who has a right to dispose of it when and how he thinks proper, commanded it; and "shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?"
Judges 21:11-12 And this [is] the thing that ye shall do, Ye shall utterly destroy every male, and every woman that hath lain by man. ... And they found among the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead four hundred young virgins, that had known no man by lying with any male: and they brought them unto the camp to Shiloh, which [is] in the land of Canaan.

him:
Heb. a male
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