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Numbers 3:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the tent of meeting, to do the service of the tabernacle.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the tabernacle of the congregation, to do the service of the tabernacle.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “They shall perform the duties for him and for the whole congregation before the tent of meeting, to do the service of the tabernacle.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the tabernacle of the congregation, to do the service of the tabernacle.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole assembly, before the tent of meeting, to do the service of the tabernacle.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— so shall they keep his charge, and the charge of all the assembly, before the tent of meeting,—to do the laborious work of the habitation;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and kept his charge, and the charge of all the company before the tent of meeting, to do the service of the tabernacle;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And observe whatsoever appertaineth to the service of the multitude before the tabernacle of the testimony,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they shall keepe his charge, and the charge of the whole Congregation before the Tabernacle of the Congregation, to doe the seruice of the Tabernacle.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and shall keep his charges, and the charges of the children of Israel, before the tabernacle of witness, to do the works of the tabernacle.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the tabernacle of the congregation, to do the service of the tabernacle.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they shall keep 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his charge, 4931
{4931} Prime
מִשְׁמֶרֶת
mishmereth
{mish-meh'-reth}
Feminine of H4929; watch, that is, the act (custody) or (concretely) the sentry, the post; objectively preservation, or (concretely) safe; figuratively observance, that is, (abstractly) duty, or (objectively) a usage or party.
and the charge 4931
{4931} Prime
מִשְׁמֶרֶת
mishmereth
{mish-meh'-reth}
Feminine of H4929; watch, that is, the act (custody) or (concretely) the sentry, the post; objectively preservation, or (concretely) safe; figuratively observance, that is, (abstractly) duty, or (objectively) a usage or party.
of the whole x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
congregation 5712
{5712} Prime
עֵדָה
`edah
{ay-daw'}
Feminine of H5707 in the original sense of fixture; a stated assemblage (specifically a concourse, or generally a family or crowd).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
the tabernacle 168
{0168} Prime
אֹהֶל
'ohel
{o'-hel}
From H0166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance).
of the congregation, 4150
{4150} Prime
מוֹעֵד
mow`ed
{mo-ade'}
From H3259; properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand).
to do 5647
{5647} Prime
עָבַד
`abad
{aw-bad'}
A primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the service 5656
{5656} Prime
עֲבֹדָה
`abodah
{ab-o-daw'}
From H5647; work of any kind.
of the tabernacle. 4908
{4908} Prime
מִשְׁכָּן
mishkan
{mish-kawn'}
From H7931; a residence (including a shepherd's hut, the lair of animals, figuratively the grave; also the Temple); specifically the Tabernacle (properly its wooden walls).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 3:5-10.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 3:1-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 3:7

His charge — That is, Aaron's, or those things which are committed principally to Aaron's care and oversight. Of the congregation — That is, of all the sacrifices and services which are due to the Lord from all the people, because the people might not perform them, in their own persons, therefore they were to be performed by some particular persons in their stead; formerly by the first — born, Numbers 8:16, and now by the Levites. Before the tabernacle — Not within the tabernacle, for the care of the things within the holy place was appropriated to the priests, as the care of the most holy place was to the high — priest.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 3:7

And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation (e) before the tabernacle of the congregation, to do the service of the tabernacle.

(e) Which belonged to the executing of the high priests commandment, to the oversight of the people, and the service of the tabernacle.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
keep:

Numbers 3:32 And Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest [shall be] chief over the chief of the Levites, [and have] the oversight of them that keep the charge of the sanctuary.
Numbers 8:26 But shall minister with their brethren in the tabernacle of the congregation, to keep the charge, and shall do no service. Thus shalt thou do unto the Levites touching their charge.
Numbers 31:30 And of the children of Israel's half, thou shalt take one portion of fifty, of the persons, of the beeves, of the asses, and of the flocks, of all manner of beasts, and give them unto the Levites, which keep the charge of the tabernacle of the LORD.
1 Chronicles 23:28-32 Because their office [was] to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of the LORD, in the courts, and in the chambers, and in the purifying of all holy things, and the work of the service of the house of God; ... And that they should keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the holy [place], and the charge of the sons of Aaron their brethren, in the service of the house of the LORD.
1 Chronicles 26:20 And of the Levites, Ahijah [was] over the treasures of the house of God, and over the treasures of the dedicated things.
1 Chronicles 26:22 The sons of Jehieli; Zetham, and Joel his brother, [which were] over the treasures of the house of the LORD.
1 Chronicles 26:26 Which Shelomith and his brethren [were] over all the treasures of the dedicated things, which David the king, and the chief fathers, the captains over thousands and hundreds, and the captains of the host, had dedicated.

to do the:

Numbers 1:50 But thou shalt appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and over all the vessels thereof, and over all things that [belong] to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle.
Numbers 8:11 And Aaron shall offer the Levites before the LORD [for] an offering of the children of Israel, that they may execute the service of the LORD.
Numbers 8:15 And after that shall the Levites go in to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation: and thou shalt cleanse them, and offer them [for] an offering.
Numbers 8:24-26 This [is it] that [belongeth] unto the Levites: from twenty and five years old and upward they shall go in to wait upon the service of the tabernacle of the congregation: ... But shall minister with their brethren in the tabernacle of the congregation, to keep the charge, and shall do no service. Thus shalt thou do unto the Levites touching their charge.
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Nu 1:50; 3:32; 8:11, 15, 24, 26; 31:30. 1Ch 23:28; 26:20, 22, 26.

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