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Numbers 3:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Nadab and Abihu died before Jehovah, when they offered strange fire before Jehovah, in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children; and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest's office in the presence of Aaron their father.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Nadab and Abihu died before the LORD, when they offered strange fire before the LORD, in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children: and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest's office in the sight of Aaron their father.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But Nadab and Abihu died before the LORD when they offered strange fire before the LORD in the wilderness of Sinai; and they had no children. So Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests in the lifetime of their father Aaron.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Nadab and Abihu died before the LORD, when they offered strange fire before the LORD, in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children: and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest's office in the sight of Aaron their father.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Nadab and Abihu died before Jehovah when they offered strange fire before Jehovah in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no sons; and Eleazar and Ithamar exercised the priesthood in the presence of Aaron their father.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But Nadab and Abihu died before Yahweh, when they brought near strange fire before Yahweh, in the desert of Sinai, and, sons, had they none,—so then Eleazar and Ithamar ministered as priests, in the presence of Aaron their father.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Nadab dieth—Abihu also—before Jehovah, in their bringing near strange fire before Jehovah, in the wilderness of Sinai, and sons they had not; and Eleazar—Ithamar also—acteth as priest in the presence of Aaron their father.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now Nadab and Abiu died, without children, when they offered strange fire before the Lord, in the desert of Sinai: and Eleazar and Ithamar performed the priestly office in the presence of Aaron their father.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Nadab and Abihu died before the LORD, when they offered strange fire before the LORD in the wildernesse of Sinai, and they had no children: and Eleazar and Ithamar ministred in the Priests office in the sight of Aaron their father.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Nadab and Abihu{gr.Abiud} died before the Lord, when they offered strange fire before the Lord, in the wilderness of Sinai{gr.Sina}; and they had no children; and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priests' office with Aaron their father.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Nadav and Avihu died before Yahweh, when they offered strange fire before Yahweh, in the wilderness of Sinay, and they had no children: and Elazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest's office in the sight of Aharon their father.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Nv נָדָב 5070
{5070} Prime
נָדָב
Nadab
{naw-dawb'}
From H5068; liberal; Nadab, the name of four Israelites.
and vh אֲבִיהוּא 30
{0030} Prime
אֲבִיהוּא
'Abiyhuw'
{ab-ee-hoo'}
From H0001 and H1931; father (that is worshipper) of Him (that is God); Abihu, a son of Aaron.
died 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
when they offered 7126
{7126} Prime
קָרַב
qarab
{kaw-rab'}
A primitive root; to approach (causatively bring near) for whatever purpose.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
strange 2114
{2114} Prime
זוּר
zuwr
{zoor}
A primitive root; to turn aside (especially for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; specifically (active participle) to commit adultery.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
fire 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
in the wilderness 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
of Snay סִינַי, 5514
{5514} Prime
סִינַי
Ciynay
{see-nah'-ee}
Of uncertain derivation; Sinai, a mountain of Arabia.
and they had x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
no x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
children: 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
and El`zr אֶלעָזָר 499
{0499} Prime
אֶלְעָזָר
'El`azar
{el-aw-zawr'}
From H0410 and H5826; God (is) helper; Elazar, the name of seven Israelites.
and αmr אִיתָמָר 385
{0385} Prime
אִיתָמָר
'Iythamar
{eeth-aw-mawr'}
From H0339 and H8558; coast of the palm tree; Ithamar, a son of Aaron.
ministered in the priest's office 3547
{3547} Prime
כּהן
kahan
{kaw-han'}
A primitive root, apparently meaning to mediate in religious services; but used only as denominative from H3548; to officiate as a priest; figuratively to put on regalia.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
in x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the sight 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
of Ahrn אַהֲרֹן 175
{0175} Prime
אַהֲרֹן
'Aharown
{a-har-one'}
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
their father. 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 3:2-4.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 3:1-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 3:4

In the sight of Aaron — Under his inspection and direction, and as their father's servants or ministers in the priest's office.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 3:4

And Nadab and Abihu died (b) before the LORD, when they offered strange fire before the LORD, in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children: and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest's office in the (c) sight of Aaron their father.

(b) Or, before the altar.

(c) While their father lived.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Nadab:

Numbers 26:61 And Nadab and Abihu died, when they offered strange fire before the LORD.
Leviticus 10:1-2 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not. ... And there went out fire from the LORD, and devoured them, and they died before the LORD.
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Lv 10:1. Nu 26:61.

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