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Numbers 27:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Let Jehovah, the God of the spirits of all flesh, appoint a man over the congregation,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “May the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, appoint a man over the congregation,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Let Jehovah, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the assembly,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let Yahweh, God of the spirits of all flesh, appoint a man over the assembly;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Jehovah—God of the spirits of all flesh—appoint a man over the company,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— May the Lord the God of the spirits of all flesh provide a man, that may be over this multitude:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man ouer the Congregation,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Let the Lord God of spirits and of all flesh look out for a man over this congregation,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Let Yahweh, the Elohim of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Let Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
the lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
of the spirits 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
flesh, 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
set 6485
{6485} Prime
פָּקַד
paqad
{paw-kad'}
A primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the congregation, 5712
{5712} Prime
עֵדָה
`edah
{ay-daw'}
Feminine of H5707 in the original sense of fixture; a stated assemblage (specifically a concourse, or generally a family or crowd).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 27:16

_ _ God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation — The request was most suitably made to God in this character, as the Author of all the intellectual gifts and moral graces with which men are endowed, and who can raise up qualified persons for the most arduous duties and the most difficult situations.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 27:15-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 27:16

The Lord of the spirits of all flesh — God of all men: the searcher of spirits, that knowest who is fit for this great employment; the father and giver and governor of spirits, who canst raise and suit the spirits of men to the highest and hardest works.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 27:16

Let the LORD, the God of the (d) spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,

(d) Who as he has created, so he governs the hearts of all men.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the LORD[YHWH]:
Yehowah elohey haroochoth lechol basar, "Jehovah, the God of the spirits of all flesh." This address sufficiently proves, that this holy man believed man to be compounded of flesh and spirit, and that these principles are perfectly distinct. Either the materiality of the soul is a human fable, or, if it be a true doctrine, Moses did not pray under the influence of the Divine Spirit. There is a similar form of expression in
Numbers 16:22 And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the congregation?
: "O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh;" and in
Job 12:10 In whose hand [is] the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.
, "In whose hand is the soul (nephesh) of all living; and the spirit (rooach) of all flesh of man." These seem decisive proofs, among many others, that the Old Testament teaches that there is an immortal spirit in man; for though rooach sometimes denotes breath or wind, yet it certainly has not that signification here, nor in the other passages cited.

the God:

Numbers 16:22 And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the congregation?
Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected [us], and we gave [them] reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?

set a man:

Deuteronomy 31:14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thy days approach that thou must die: call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tabernacle of the congregation, that I may give him a charge. And Moses and Joshua went, and presented themselves in the tabernacle of the congregation.
1 Samuel 12:13 Now therefore behold the king whom ye have chosen, [and] whom ye have desired! and, behold, the LORD hath set a king over you.
1 Kings 5:5 And, behold, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the LORD my God, as the LORD spake unto David my father, saying, Thy son, whom I will set upon thy throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto my name.
Jeremiah 3:15 And I will give you pastors according to mine heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding.
Jeremiah 23:4-5 And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them: and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall they be lacking, saith the LORD. ... Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
Ezekiel 34:11-16 For thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I, [even] I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out. ... I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up [that which was] broken, and will strengthen that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I will feed them with judgment.
Ezekiel 34:23 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
Ezekiel 37:24 And David my servant [shall be] king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them.
Matthew 9:38 Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest.
John 10:11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.
Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.
1 Peter 5:2-4 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight [thereof], not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; ... And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 16:22. Dt 31:14. 1S 12:13. 1K 5:5. Jb 12:10. Jr 3:15; 23:4. Ezk 34:11, 23; 37:24. Mt 9:38. Jn 10:11. Ac 20:28. He 12:9. 1P 5:2.

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