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Numbers 24:24 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But ships [shall come] from the coast of Kittim, And they shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber; And he also shall come to destruction.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And ships [shall come] from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber, and he also shall perish for ever.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But ships [shall come] from the coast of Kittim, And they shall afflict Asshur and will afflict Eber; So they also [will come] to destruction.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And ships [shall come] from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Ashur, and shall afflict Eber, and he also shall perish for ever.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim, and afflict Asshur, and afflict Eber, and he also shall be for destruction.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— When, ships, [come] from the coast of the isles, And humble Assyria, and humble the Hebrew,—And he too, is even to perish?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And—ships [are] from the side of Chittim, And they have humbled Asshur, And they have humbled Eber, And it also for ever is perishing.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They shall come in galleys from Italy, they shall overcome the Assyrians, and shall waste the Hebrews, and at the last they themselves also shall perish.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And shippes [shall come] from the coast of Chittim, and shal afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber, and hee also shall perish for euer.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And one shall come forth from the hands of the Citians, and shall afflict Asshur{gr.Assur}, and shall afflict the Hebrews, and they shall perish together.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And ships [shall come] from the coast of Kittim, and shall afflict Ashshur, and shall afflict Ever, and he also shall perish for ever.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And ships 6716
{6716} Prime
צִי
tsiy
{tsee}
From H6680; a ship (as a fixture).
[shall come] from the coast 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Cittm כִּתִּים, 3794
{3794} Prime
כִּתִּי
Kittiy
{kit-tee'}
Patrial from an unused name denoting Cyprus (only in the plural); a Kittite or Cypriote; hence an islander in general, that is, the Greeks or Romans on the shores opposite Palestine.
and shall afflict 6031
{6031} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively (in various applications). (sing is by mistake for H6030.).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
Ar אַשּׁוּר, 804
{0804} Prime
אַשּׁוּר
'Ashshuwr
{ash-shoor'}
Apparently from H0833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire.
and shall afflict 6031
{6031} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively (in various applications). (sing is by mistake for H6030.).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
`ver עֵבֶר, 5677
{5677} Prime
עֵבֶר
`Eber
{ay'-ber}
The same as H5676; Eber, the name of two patriarchs and four Israelites.
and he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
shall perish 8
{0008} Prime
אֹבֵד
'obed
{o-bade'}
Active participle of H0006; (concretely) wretched or (abstractly) destruction.
for ever. 5703
{5703} Prime
עַד
`ad
{ad}
From H5710; properly a (peremptory) terminus, that is, (by implication) duration, in the sense of perpetuity (substantially as a noun, either with or without a preposition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 24:24

_ _ Chittim — the countries lying on the Mediterranean, particularly Greece and Italy (Daniel 11:29, Daniel 11:30). The Assyrians were themselves to be overthrown — first, by the Greeks under Alexander the Great and his successors; secondly, by the Romans.

_ _ Eber — the posterity of the Hebrews (Genesis 10:24).

_ _ he also shall perish — that is, the conqueror of Asher and Eber, namely, the Greek and Roman empires.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 24:15-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 24:24

Chittim — A place or people so called from Chittim the son of Javan, Genesis 10:4, whose posterity were very numerous, and were first seated in the lesser Asia, and from thence sent forth colonies into the islands of the Aegean sea, and into Cyprus, afterwards into Macedonia and other parts of Greece, and then into Italy. Whence it comes to pass that by this name is understood sometimes Macedonia, as 1Mac. i. 1, and 1Mac. viii. 5, sometimes Italy, as Daniel 11:29-30, and sometimes both, as in this place: for he speaks here of the scourge that God hath appointed for the Assyrian after he had done God's work in punishing of his people and the bordering nations. Now although the Assyrian and Chaldean empire was subdued by the Medes and Persians, yet the chief afflictions of that people came from two hands, both beyond the sea and brought to them by ships; first from the Grecians under Alexander and his successors, by whom that people were grievously oppressed and wasted; then from the Romans, who subdued all the Grecian empire, one great part whereof were the Assyrians largely so called. Eber — The posterity of Eber, the Hebrews, who were the chief and flower of Eber's children. He also — Not the Hebrews: they shall have a better end; all Israel shall be saved; but the afflicter or scourge of Ashur and Eber, namely, the Grecian and Roman empire. Thus Balaam, instead of cursing the church, curses Amalek, the first, and Rome, the last enemy of it!

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 24:24

And ships [shall come] from the coast of (q) Chittim, and shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber, and (r) he also shall perish for ever.

(q) The Grecians and Romans.

(r) Meaning, Eber, or the Jews for rebelling against God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Chittim:

Genesis 10:4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.
Isaiah 23:1 The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them.
Daniel 7:19-20 Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse from all the others, exceeding dreadful, whose teeth [were of] iron, and his nails [of] brass; [which] devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with his feet; ... And of the ten horns that [were] in his head, and [of] the other which came up, and before whom three fell; even [of] that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look [was] more stout than his fellows.
Daniel 8:5-8 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat [had] a notable horn between his eyes. ... Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.
Daniel 8:21 And the rough goat [is] the king of Grecia: and the great horn that [is] between his eyes [is] the first king.
Daniel 10:20 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come.
Daniel 11:30 For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant.

and shall afflict Eber:

Genesis 10:21-25 Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were [children] born. ... And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one [was] Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name [was] Joktan.
Genesis 14:13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these [were] confederate with Abram.
Daniel 9:26-27 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. ... And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Matthew 24:15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)
Luke 20:24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it? They answered and said, Caesar's.
Luke 23:29-31 For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed [are] the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck. ... For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?
John 11:48 If we let him thus alone, all [men] will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation.

and he also:

Daniel 2:35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
Daniel 2:45 Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream [is] certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.
Daniel 7:23-26 Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces. ... But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy [it] unto the end.
Daniel 11:45 And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.
Revelation 18:2-24 And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird. ... And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:4, 21; 14:13. Is 23:1. Dn 2:35, 45; 7:19, 23; 8:5, 21; 9:26; 10:20; 11:30, 45. Mt 24:15. Lk 20:24; 23:29. Jn 11:48. Rv 18:2.

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