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Numbers 19:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest, and he shall bring her forth without the camp, and one shall slay her before his face:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest, that he may bring her forth without the camp, and [one] shall slay her before his face:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘You shall give it to Eleazar the priest, and it shall be brought outside the camp and be slaughtered in his presence.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And ye shall give her to Eleazar the priest, that he may bring her forth without the camp, and [one] shall slay her before his face:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and ye shall give it to Eleazar the priest, and he shall bring it outside the camp, and one shall slaughter it before him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then shall ye give her unto Eleazar the priest, and he shall take her forth unto the outside of the camp, and she shall be slain, before him;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and ye have given it unto Eleazar the priest, and he hath brought it out unto the outside of the camp, and hath slaughtered it before him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And you shall deliver her to Eleazar the priest, who shall bring her forth without the camp, and shall immolate her in the sight of all:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And ye shall giue her vnto Eleazar the Priest, that hee may bring her forth without the campe, and [one] shall slay her before his face.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thou shalt give her to Eleazar the priest; and they shall bring her out of the camp into a clean place, and shall kill her before his face.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And ye shall give her unto Elazar the priest, that he may bring her forth without the camp, and [one] shall slay her before his face:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And ye shall give 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
her unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
El`zr אֶלעָזָר 499
{0499} Prime
אֶלְעָזָר
'El`azar
{el-aw-zawr'}
From H0410 and H5826; God (is) helper; Elazar, the name of seven Israelites.
the priest, 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
that he may bring her forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
without 2351
{2351} Prime
חוּץ
chuwts
{khoots}
(Both forms feminine in the plural); from an unused root meaning to sever; properly separate by a wall, that is, outside, outdoors.
x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the camp, 4264
{4264} Prime
מַחֲנֶה
machaneh
{makh-an-eh'}
From H2583; an encampment (of travellers or troops); hence an army, whether literally (of soldiers) or figuratively (of dancers, angels, cattle, locusts, stars; or even the sacred courts).
and [one] shall slay 7819
{7819} Prime
שָׁחַט
shachat
{shaw-khat'}
A primitive root; to slaughter (in sacrifice or massacre).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
her before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
his face:
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 19:3-6

_ _ ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest that he may bring her forth without the camp — He was the second or deputy high priest, and he was selected for this duty because the execution of it entailed temporary defilement, from which the acting high priest was to be preserved with the greatest care. It was led “forth without the camp,” in accordance with the law regarding victims laden with the sins of the people, and thus typical of Christ (Hebrews 13:12; also Leviticus 24:14). The priest was to sprinkle the blood “seven times” before — literally, “towards” or “near” the tabernacle, a description which seems to imply either that he carried a portion of the blood in a basin to the door of the tabernacle (Leviticus 4:17), or that in the act of sprinkling he turned his face towards the sacred edifice, being disqualified through the defiling influence of this operation from approaching close to it. By this attitude he indicated that he was presenting an expiatory sacrifice, for the acceptance of which he hoped, in the grace of God, by looking to the mercy seat. Every part of it was consumed by fire except the blood used in sprinkling, and the ingredients mixed with the ashes were the same as those employed in the sprinkling of lepers (Leviticus 14:4-7). It was a water of separation — that is, of “sanctification” for the people of Israel.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 19:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 19:3

Eleazar — Who was the second priest, and in some cases, the deputy of the high — priest. To him, not to Aaron, because this service made him unclean for a season, and consequently unfit for holy ministrations, whereas the high — priest was, as far as possibly he could, to be preserved from all sorts of defilement, fit for his high and holy work. Without the camp — Partly because it was reputed an unclean and accursed thing, being laden with the sins of all the people; and partly to signify that Christ should suffer without the camp, in the place where malefactors suffered.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 19:3

And ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest, that he may bring her forth without the camp, and (b) [one] shall slay her before his face:

(b) Another priest.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
without the camp:

Numbers 5:2 Command the children of Israel, that they put out of the camp every leper, and every one that hath an issue, and whosoever is defiled by the dead:
Numbers 15:36 And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Leviticus 4:12 Even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp unto a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn him on the wood with fire: where the ashes are poured out shall he be burnt.
Leviticus 4:21 And he shall carry forth the bullock without the camp, and burn him as he burned the first bullock: it [is] a sin offering for the congregation.
Leviticus 13:45-46 And the leper in whom the plague [is], his clothes shall be rent, and his head bare, and he shall put a covering upon his upper lip, and shall cry, Unclean, unclean. ... All the days wherein the plague [shall be] in him he shall be defiled; he [is] unclean: he shall dwell alone; without the camp [shall] his habitation [be].
Leviticus 16:27 And the bullock [for] the sin offering, and the goat [for] the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy [place], shall [one] carry forth without the camp; and they shall burn in the fire their skins, and their flesh, and their dung.
Leviticus 24:14 Bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp; and let all that heard [him] lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him.
Hebrews 13:11-13 For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp. ... Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 4:12, 21; 13:45; 16:27; 24:14. Nu 5:2; 15:36. He 13:11.

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