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Numbers 16:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— even the censers of these sinners against their own lives; and let them be made beaten plates for a covering of the altar: for they offered them before Jehovah; therefore they are holy; and they shall be a sign unto the children of Israel.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The censers of these sinners against their own souls, let them make them broad plates [for] a covering of the altar: for they offered them before the LORD, therefore they are hallowed: and they shall be a sign unto the children of Israel.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “As for the censers of these men who have sinned at the cost of their lives, let them be made into hammered sheets for a plating of the altar, since they did present them before the LORD and they are holy; and they shall be for a sign to the sons of Israel.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The censers of these sinners against their own souls, let them make them broad plates [for] a covering of the altar: for they offered them before the LORD, therefore they are hallowed: and they shall be a sign to the children of Israel.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— the censers of these sinners who have forfeited their life; and they shall make them into broad plates for the covering of the altar; for they presented them before Jehovah, therefore they are hallowed; and they shall be a sign unto the children of Israel.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As for the censers of these sinners against their own persons, they shall be made into beaten-out plates, as an overlay for the altar, for they had brought them near before Yahweh, and hallowed them,—so shall they become a sign, unto the sons of Israel.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— [even] the censers of these sinners against their own souls; and they have made them spread-out plates, a covering for the altar, for they have brought them near before Jehovah, and they are hallowed; and they are become a sign to the sons of Israel.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In the deaths of the sinners: and let him beat them into plates, and fasten them to the altar, because incense hath been offered in them to the Lord, and they are sanctified, that the children of Israel may see them for a sign and a memorial.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The censers of these sinners against their owne soules, let them make them broad plates for a couering of the Altar: for they offered them before the LORD, therefore they are hallowed, and they shall be a signe vnto the children of Israel.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— of these sinners against their own souls, and do thou make them beaten plates a covering to the altar, because they were brought before the Lord and hallowed; and they became a sign to the children of Israel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The censers of these sinners against their own souls, let them make them broad plates [for] a covering of the altar: for they offered them before Yahweh, therefore they are hallowed: and they shall be a sign unto the children of Yisrael.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
The censers 4289
{4289} Prime
מַחְתָּה
machtah
{makh-taw'}
The same as H4288 in the sense of removal; a pan for live coals.
of these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
sinners 2400
{2400} Prime
חַטָּא
chatta'
{khat-taw'}
Intensive from H2398; a criminal, or one accounted guilty.
against their own souls, 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
let them make 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
them broad 7555
{7555} Prime
רִקּוּעַ
riqqua`
{rik-koo'-ah}
From H7554; beaten out, that is, a (metallic) plate.
plates 6341
{6341} Prime
פַּח
pach
{pakh}
From H6351; a (metallic) sheet (as pounded thin); also a spring net (as spread out like a lamina).
[for] a covering 6826
{6826} Prime
צִפּוּי
tsippuwy
{tsip-poo'-ee}
From H6823; encasement (with metal).
of the altar: 4196
{4196} Prime
מִזְבֵּחַ
mizbeach
{miz-bay'-akh}
From H2076; an altar.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
they offered 7126
{7126} Prime
קָרַב
qarab
{kaw-rab'}
A primitive root; to approach (causatively bring near) for whatever purpose.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
them before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
therefore they are hallowed: 6942
{6942} Prime
קָדַשׁ
qadash
{kaw-dash'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make, pronounce or observe as) clean (ceremonially or morally).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and they shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
a sign 226
{0226} Prime
אוֹת
'owth
{oth}
Probably from H0225 (in the sense of appearing); a signal (literally or figuratively), as a flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, etc.
unto the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל. 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 16:37-40.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 16:35-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 16:38

Their own souls — That is, their own lives: who were the authors of their own destruction. The altar — Of burnt — offerings, which was made of wood, but covered with brass before this time, Exodus 27:1-2, to which this other covering was added for farther ornament, and security against the fire, continually burning upon it. A sign — A warning to all strangers to take heed of invading the priesthood.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 16:38

The censers of these sinners (o) against their own souls, let them make them broad plates [for] a covering of the altar: for they offered them before the LORD, therefore they are hallowed: and they shall be a (p) sign unto the children of Israel.

(o) Who caused their own death.

(p) Of God's judgments against rebels.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sinners:

1 Kings 2:23 Then king Solomon sware by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life.
Proverbs 1:18 And they lay wait for their [own] blood; they lurk privily for their [own] lives.
Proverbs 8:36 But he that sinneth against me wrongeth his own soul: all they that hate me love death.
Proverbs 20:2 The fear of a king [is] as the roaring of a lion: [whoso] provoketh him to anger sinneth [against] his own soul.
Habakkuk 2:10 Thou hast consulted shame to thy house by cutting off many people, and hast sinned [against] thy soul.

a sign:

Numbers 16:40 [To be] a memorial unto the children of Israel, that no stranger, which [is] not of the seed of Aaron, come near to offer incense before the LORD; that he be not as Korah, and as his company: as the LORD said to him by the hand of Moses.
Numbers 17:10 And the LORD said unto Moses, Bring Aaron's rod again before the testimony, to be kept for a token against the rebels; and thou shalt quite take away their murmurings from me, that they die not.
Numbers 26:10 And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men: and they became a sign.
Ezekiel 14:8 And I will set my face against that man, and will make him a sign and a proverb, and I will cut him off from the midst of my people; and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD.
1 Corinthians 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.
2 Peter 2:6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 16:40; 17:10; 26:10. 1K 2:23. Pv 1:18; 8:36; 20:2. Ezk 14:8. Hab 2:10. 1Co 10:11. 2P 2:6.

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