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Numbers 15:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering sticks upon the sabbath day.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now while the sons of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering wood on the sabbath day.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath-day.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness they found a man gathering sticks on the sabbath day.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— While the sons of Israel were in the desert, they found a man gathering sticks on the sabbath day.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the sons of Israel are in the wilderness, and they find a man gathering wood on the sabbath-day,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And it came to pass, when the children of Israel were in the wilderness, and had found a man gathering sticks on the sabbath day,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And while the children of Israel were in the wildernes, they found a man that gathered stickes vpon the Sabbath day.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the children of Israel were in the wilderness, and they found a man gathering sticks on the sabbath-day.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And while the children of Yisrael were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And while the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in the wilderness, 4057
{4057} Prime
מִדְבָּר
midbar
{mid-bawr'}
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
they found 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
that gathered 7197
{7197} Prime
קָשַׁשׁ
qashash
{kaw-shash'}
A primitive root; to become sapless through drought; used only as denominative from H7179; to forage for straw, stubble or wood; figuratively to assemble.
z8781
<8781> Grammar
Stem - Poel (See H8845)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 28
sticks 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
upon the sabbath 7676
{7676} Prime
שַׁבָּת
shabbath
{shab-bawth'}
Intensive from H7673; intermission, that is, (specifically) the Sabbath.
day. 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 15:32-34

_ _ a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day — This incident is evidently narrated as an instance of presumptuous sin. The mere gathering of sticks was not a sinful act and might be necessary for fuel to warm him or to make ready his food. But its being done on the Sabbath altered the entire character of the action. The law of the Sabbath being a plain and positive commandment, this transgression of it was a known and wilful sin, and it was marked by several aggravations. For the deed was done with unblushing boldness in broad daylight, in open defiance of the divine authority — in flagrant inconsistency with His religious connection with Israel, as the covenant-people of God; and it was an application to improper purposes of time, which God had consecrated to Himself and the solemn duties of religion. The offender was brought before the rulers, who, on hearing the painful report, were at a loss to determine what ought to be done. That they should have felt any embarrassment in such a case may seem surprising, in the face of the sabbath law (Exodus 31:14). Their difficulty probably arose from this being the first public offense of the kind which had occurred; and the appeal might be made to remove all ground of complaint — to produce a more striking effect, so that the fate of this criminal might be a beacon to warn all Israelites in the future.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 15:30-36.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 15:32

On the sabbath — day — This seems to be added as an example of a presumptuous sin: for as the law of the sabbath was plain and positive, so this transgression of it must needs be a known and wilful sin.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they found a man:
This example seems to have been evidently introduced to illustrate the foregoing law. The man despised the word of the Lord, presumptuously broke his commandment, and on this ground was punished with death.
Exodus 16:23 And he said unto them, This [is that] which the LORD hath said, To morrow [is] the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake [that] which ye will bake [to day], and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.
Exodus 16:27-28 And it came to pass, [that] there went out [some] of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. ... And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws?
Exodus 20:8-10 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. ... But the seventh day [is] the sabbath of the LORD thy God: [in it] thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that [is] within thy gates:
Exodus 35:2-3 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death. ... Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.
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Ex 16:23, 27; 20:8; 35:2.

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