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Numbers 13:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they went up by the South, and came unto Hebron; and Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were there. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, [were]. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When they had gone up into the Negev, they came to Hebron where Ahiman, Sheshai and Talmai, the descendants of Anak were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they ascended by the south, and came to Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, [were]. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they went up by the south, and came to Hebron; and Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were there. Now Hebron had been built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yea they went up in the South, and entered as far as Hebron, and, there, were Ahiman, Sheshai and Talmai, descendants of the Anak. Now, Hebron, was built, seven years, before Zoan of Egypt.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they go up by the south, and come in unto Hebron, and there [are] Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, children of Anak (and Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt),
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they went up at the south side, and came to Hebron, where were Achiman and Sisai and Tholmai the sons of Enac. For Hebron was built seven years before Tanis the city of Egypt.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they ascended by the South, and came vnto Hebron: where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak were: Now Hebron was built seuen yeeres before Zoan in Egypt.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they went up by the wilderness, and departed as far as Hebron{gr.Chebron}; and there [was] Achiman, and Sessi, and Thelami, the progeny of Enach. Now Hebron{gr.Chebron} was built seven years before Tanin of Mizraim{gr.Egypt}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they ascended by the south, and came unto Chevron; where Achiman, Sheshay, and Talmay, the children of Anaq, [were]. (Now Chevron was built seven years before Tzoan in Mitzrayim.)

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they ascended 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
by the south, 5045
{5045} Prime
נֶגֶב
negeb
{neh'-gheb}
From an unused root meaning to be parched; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).
and came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
evrn חֶברוֹן; 2275
{2275} Prime
חֶבְרוֹן
Chebrown
{kheb-rone'}
From H2267; seat of association; Chebron, a place in Palestine, also the name of two Israelites.
where x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
man אֲחִימַן, 289
{0289} Prime
אֲחִימַן
'Achiyman
{akh-ee-man'}
From H0251 and H4480; brother of a portion (that is, gift); Achiman, the name of an Anakite and of an Israelite.
ay שֵׁשַׁי, 8344
{8344} Prime
שֵׁשַׁי
Sheshay
{shay-shah'-ee}
Probably for H8343; Sheshai, a Canaanite.
and Talmay תַּלמַי, 8526
{8526} Prime
תַּלְמַי
Talmay
{tal-mah'-ee}
From H8525; ridged; Talmai, the name of a Canaanite and a Syrian.
the children 3211
{3211} Prime
יָלִיד
yaliyd
{yaw-leed'}
From H3205; born.
of `nk עֲנָק, 6061
{6061} Prime
עֲנָק
`Anaq
{aw-nawk'}
The same as H6060; Anak, a Canaanite.
[were]. (Now evrn חֶברוֹן 2275
{2275} Prime
חֶבְרוֹן
Chebrown
{kheb-rone'}
From H2267; seat of association; Chebron, a place in Palestine, also the name of two Israelites.
was built 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
seven 7651
{7651} Prime
שֶׁבַע
sheba`
{sheh'-bah}
From H7650; a primitive cardinal number; seven (as the sacred full one); also (adverbially) seven times; by implication a week; by extension an indefinite number.
years 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
X`an צֹעַן 6814
{6814} Prime
צֹעַן
Tso`an
{tso'-an}
Of Egyptian derivation; Tsoan, a place in Egypt.
in Mixrayim מִצרַיִם.) 4714
{4714} Prime
מִצְרַיִם
Mitsrayim
{mits-rah'-yim}
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 13:21-24.


Numbers 13:22

_ _ unto Hebron — situated in the heart of the mountains of Judah, in the southern extremity of Palestine. The town or “cities of Hebron,” as it is expressed in the Hebrew, consists of a number of sheikdoms distinct from each other, standing at the foot of one of those hills that form a bowl round and enclose it. “The children of Anak” mentioned in this verse seem to have been also chiefs of townships; and this coincidence of polity, existing in ages so distant from each other, is remarkable [Vere Monro]. Hebron (Kirjath Arba, Genesis 23:2) was one of the oldest cities in the world.

_ _ Zoan — (the Tanis of the Greeks) was situated on one of the eastern branches of the Nile, near the lake Menzala, and was the early royal residence of the Pharaohs. It boasted a higher antiquity than any other city in Egypt. Its name, which signifies flat and level, is descriptive of its situation in the low grounds of the Delta.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 13:21-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 13:22

By the south — Moses having described their progress from south to north, more particularly relates some memorable places and passages. They came — Heb. He came, namely, Caleb, as appears from Joshua 14:9, Joshua 14:12, Joshua 14:14. For the spies distributed their work among them, and went either severally, or by pairs; and it seems the survey of this part was left to Caleb. Anak — A famous giant, whole children these are called, either more generally, as all giants sometimes were, or rather more specially because Arbah, from whom Hebron was called Kiriath — arbah, was the father of Anak, Joshua 15:13. And this circumstance is mentioned as an evidence of the goodness of that land, because the giants chose it for their habitation. Before Zoan — This seems to be noted to confront the Egyptians, who vainly boasted of the antiquity of their city Zoan above all places.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 13:22

And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of (f) Anak, [were]. (Now (g) Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)

(f) Which were a type of giant.

(g) Declaring the antiquity of it: also Abraham, Sarah, Isaac and Jacob were buried there.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Ahiman:

Joshua 11:21-22 And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities. ... There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained.
Joshua 15:13-14 And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, [even] the city of Arba the father of Anak, which [city is] Hebron. ... And Caleb drove thence the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak.
Judges 1:10 And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron: (now the name of Hebron before [was] Kirjatharba:) and they slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.

the children:

Numbers 13:33 And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, [which come] of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.

Hebron:

Genesis 13:18 Then Abram removed [his] tent, and came and dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which [is] in Hebron, and built there an altar unto the LORD.
Genesis 23:2 And Sarah died in Kirjatharba; the same [is] Hebron in the land of Canaan: and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.
Joshua 14:13-15 And Joshua blessed him, and gave unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance. ... And the name of Hebron before [was] Kirjatharba; [which Arba was] a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.
Joshua 21:13 Thus they gave to the children of Aaron the priest Hebron with her suburbs, [to be] a city of refuge for the slayer; and Libnah with her suburbs,
2 Samuel 2:1 And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron.
2 Samuel 2:11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

Zoan:

Psalms 78:12 Marvellous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, [in] the field of Zoan.
Psalms 78:43 How he had wrought his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Zoan:
Isaiah 19:11 Surely the princes of Zoan [are] fools, the counsel of the wise counsellors of Pharaoh is become brutish: how say ye unto Pharaoh, I [am] the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
Isaiah 30:4 For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 13:18; 23:2. Nu 13:33. Jsh 11:21; 14:13; 15:13; 21:13. Jg 1:10. 2S 2:1, 11. Ps 78:12, 43. Is 19:11; 30:4.

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