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Numbers 1:47 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The Levites, however, were not numbered among them by their fathers’ tribe.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But the Levites, after the tribe of their fathers, were not numbered among them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, the Levites, by the tribe of their fathers, were not numbered in their midst.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the Levites, for the tribe of their fathers, have not numbered themselves in their midst,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But the Levites in the tribes of their families were not numbered with them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But the Leuites after the tribe of their fathers, were not numbred among them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But the Levites of the tribe of their family were not counted among the children of Israel.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But the Lewiyyim after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But the Lĉwiyyim לְוִיִּם 3881
{3881} Prime
Patronymic from H3878; a Leviite or descendant of Levi.
after the tribe 4294
{4294} Prime
From H5186; a branch (as extending); figuratively a tribe; also a rod, whether for chastising (figuratively correction), ruling (a sceptre), throwing (a lance), or walking (a staff; figuratively a support of life, for example bread).
of their fathers 1
{0001} Prime
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
were not x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
numbered 6485
{6485} Prime
A primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.
<8719> Grammar
Stem - Hothpael (See H8826)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 6
among 8432
{8432} Prime
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 1:47-54

_ _ But the Levites ... were not numbered among them — They were obliged to keep a register of their own. They were consecrated to the priestly office, which in all countries has been exempted customarily, and in Israel by the express authority of God, from military service. The custody of the things devoted to the divine service was assigned to them so exclusively, that “no stranger” — that is, no person, not even an Israelite of any other tribe, was allowed, under penalty of death, to approach these [Numbers 16:40]. Hence they encamped round the tabernacle in order that there should be no manifestation of the divine displeasure among the people. Thus the numbering of the people was subservient to the separation of the Levites from those Israelites who were fit for military service, and to the practical introduction of the law respecting the first-born, for whom the tribe of Levi became a substitute [Exodus 13:2; Numbers 3:12].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Numbers 1:47-54

_ _ Care is here taken to distinguish from the rest of the tribes the tribe of Levi, which, in the matter of the golden calf, had distinguished itself, Exodus 32:26. Note, Singular services shall be recompensed with singular honours. Now,

_ _ I. It was the honour of the Levites that they were made guardians of the spiritualities; to them was committed the care of the tabernacle and the treasures thereof, both in their camps and in their marches. 1. When they moved the Levites were to take down the tabernacle, to carry it and all that belonged to it, and then to set it up again in the place appointed, Numbers 1:50, Numbers 1:51. It was for the honour of the holy things that none should be permitted to see them, or touch them, but those only who were called of God to the service. Thus we all are unfit and unworthy to have fellowship with God until we are first called by his grace into the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, and so, being the spiritual seed of that great high priest, are made priests to our God; and it is promised that God would take Levites to himself, even from the Gentiles, Isaiah 66:21. 2. When they rested the Levites were to encamp round about the tabernacle (Numbers 1:50, Numbers 1:53), that they might be near their work, and resident upon their charge, always ready to attend, and that they might be a guard upon the tabernacle, to preserve it from being either plundered or profaned. They must pitch round about the tabernacle, that there be no wrath upon the congregation, as there would be if the tabernacle and the charge of it were neglected, or those crowded upon it that were not allowed to come near. Note, Great care must be taken to prevent sin, because the preventing of sin is the preventing of wrath.

_ _ II. It was their further honour that as Israel, being a holy people, was not reckoned among the nations, so they, being a holy tribe, were not reckoned among other Israelites, but numbered afterwards by themselves, Numbers 1:49. The service which the Levites were to do about the sanctuary is called (as we render it in the margin) a warfare, Numbers 4:23. And, being engaged in that warfare, they were discharged from military services, and therefore not numbered with those that were to go out to war. Note, Those that minister about holy things should neither entangle themselves, nor be entangled, in secular affairs. The ministry is itself work enough for a whole man, and all little enough to be employed in it. It is an admonition to ministers to distinguish themselves by their exemplary conversation from common Israelites, not affecting to seem greater, but aiming to be really better, every way better than others.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 1:47

But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among (g) them.

(g) Which were warriors, but were appointed to the use of the Tabernacle.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Numbers 1:3 From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies.
Numbers 1:50 But thou shalt appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and over all the vessels thereof, and over all things that [belong] to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle.
Numbers 2:33 But the Levites were not numbered among the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Numbers 3:1-51 These also [are] the generations of Aaron and Moses in the day [that] the LORD spake with Moses in mount Sinai. ... And Moses gave the money of them that were redeemed unto Aaron and to his sons, according to the word of the LORD, as the LORD commanded Moses.
Numbers 4:1-49 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, ... According to the commandment of the LORD they were numbered by the hand of Moses, every one according to his service, and according to his burden: thus were they numbered of him, as the LORD commanded Moses.
Numbers 8:1-26 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... But shall minister with their brethren in the tabernacle of the congregation, to keep the charge, and shall do no service. Thus shalt thou do unto the Levites touching their charge.
Numbers 26:57-62 And these [are] they that were numbered of the Levites after their families: of Gershon, the family of the Gershonites: of Kohath, the family of the Kohathites: of Merari, the family of the Merarites. ... And those that were numbered of them were twenty and three thousand, all males from a month old and upward: for they were not numbered among the children of Israel, because there was no inheritance given them among the children of Israel.
1 Chronicles 6:1-81 The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. ... And Heshbon with her suburbs, and Jazer with her suburbs.
1 Chronicles 21:6 But Levi and Benjamin counted he not among them: for the king's word was abominable to Joab.
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Nu 1:3, 50; 2:33; 3:1; 4:1; 8:1; 26:57. 1Ch 6:1; 21:6.

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