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Nehemiah 9:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of Jehovah their God a fourth part of the day; and [another] fourth part they confessed, and worshipped Jehovah their God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of the LORD their God [one] fourth part of the day; and [another] fourth part they confessed, and worshipped the LORD their God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— While they stood in their place, they read from the book of the law of the LORD their God for a fourth of the day; and for [another] fourth they confessed and worshiped the LORD their God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of the LORD their God [one] fourth part of the day; and [another] fourth part they confessed, and worshiped the LORD their God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of Jehovah their God a fourth part of the day; and a fourth part they confessed, and worshipped Jehovah their God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of Yahweh their God, a fourth part of the day,—and, a fourth part, they were making confession and bowing themselves down, unto Yahweh their God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and rise up on their station, and read in the book of the law of Jehovah their God a fourth of the day, and a fourth they are confessing and bowing themselves to Jehovah their God.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they rose up to stand: and they read in the book of the law of the Lord their God, four times in the day, and four times they confessed, and adored the Lord their God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they stood vp in their place, and read in the booke of the Law of the LORD their God, [one] fourth part of the day, and [another] fourth part they confessed and worshipped the LORD their God.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they stood in their place, and read in the book of the law of the Lord their god: and they confessed [their sins] to the Lord, and worshipped the Lord their God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of Yahweh their Elohim [one] fourth part of the day; and [another] fourth part they confessed, and worshipped Yahweh their Elohim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they stood up 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
their place, 5977
{5977} Prime
עֹמֶד
`omed
{o'-med}
From H5975; a spot (as being fixed).
and read 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the book 5612
{5612} Prime
סֵפֶר
cepher
{say'-fer}
From H5608; properly writing (the art or a document); by implication a book.
of the law 8451
{8451} Prime
תּוֹרָה
towrah
{to-raw'}
From H3384; a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch.
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
their lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
[one] fourth x7243
(7243) Complement
רְבִיעִי
r@biy`iy
{reb-ee-ee'}
From H7251; fourth; also (fractionally) a fourth.
part y7243
[7243] Standard
רְבִיעִי
r@biy`iy
{reb-ee-ee'}
From H7251; fourth; also (fractionally) a fourth.
of the day; 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
and [another] fourth x7243
(7243) Complement
רְבִיעִי
r@biy`iy
{reb-ee-ee'}
From H7251; fourth; also (fractionally) a fourth.
part y7243
[7243] Standard
רְבִיעִי
r@biy`iy
{reb-ee-ee'}
From H7251; fourth; also (fractionally) a fourth.
they confessed, 3034
{3034} Prime
יָדָה
yadah
{yaw-daw'}
A primitive root; used only as denominative from H3027; literally to use (that is, hold out) the hand; physically to throw (a stone, an arrow) at or away; especially to revere or worship (with extended hands); intensively to bemoan (by wringing the hands).
z8693
<8693> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 139
and worshipped 7812
{7812} Prime
שָׁחָה
shachah
{shaw-khaw'}
A primitive root; to depress, that is, prostrate (especially reflexively in homage to royalty or God).
z8693
<8693> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 139
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
their lhm אֱלֹהִים. 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Nehemiah 9:3

_ _ they ... read in the book of the law — Their extraordinary zeal led them to continue this as before.

_ _ one fourth part of the day — that is, for three hours, twelve hours being the acknowledged length of the Jewish day (John 11:9). This solemn diet of worship, which probably commenced at the morning sacrifice, was continued for six hours, that is, till the time of the evening sacrifice. The worship which they gave to the Lord their God, at this season of solemn national humiliation, consisted in acknowledging and adoring His great mercy in the forgiveness of their great and multiplied offenses, in delivering them from the merited judgments which they had already experienced or which they had reason to apprehend, in continuing amongst them the light and blessings of His word and worship, and in supplicating the extension of His grace and protection.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Nehemiah 9:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Nehemiah 9:3

Book of the law — As they did before, giving them the sense of what they read. Fourth part — For three hours; there were twelve hours in their day, probably they began after the morning sacrifice, and continued their work till the evening sacrifice. The work of a fast — day is good work. We should endeavour to make a day's work, a good day's work of it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Nehemiah 9:3

And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the law of the LORD their God [one] fourth part of the day; and [another] fourth part they (b) confessed, and worshipped the LORD their God.

(b) They confessed their sins, and used prayers.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they stood:

Nehemiah 8:4 And Ezra the scribe stood upon a pulpit of wood, which they had made for the purpose; and beside him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Urijah, and Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his right hand; and on his left hand, Pedaiah, and Mishael, and Malchiah, and Hashum, and Hashbadana, Zechariah, [and] Meshullam.
Nehemiah 8:7-8 Also Jeshua, and Bani, and Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and the Levites, caused the people to understand the law: and the people [stood] in their place. ... So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and caused [them] to understand the reading.

one fourth:

Nehemiah 8:3 And he read therein before the street that [was] before the water gate from the morning until midday, before the men and the women, and those that could understand; and the ears of all the people [were attentive] unto the book of the law.
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Ne 8:3, 4, 7.

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