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Nehemiah 6:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then sent Sanballat his servant unto me in like manner the fifth time with an open letter in his hand,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then sent Sanballat his servant unto me in like manner the fifth time with an open letter in his hand;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Sanballat sent his servant to me in the same manner a fifth time with an open letter in his hand.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then Sanballat sent his servant to me in like manner the fifth time with an open letter in his hand;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then sent Sanballat his servant to me in this manner the fifth time, with an open letter in his hand,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then Sanballat sent unto me, according to this message, a fifth time, by his young man,—with an open letter, in his hand:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Sanballat sendeth unto me, according to this word, a fifth time, his servant, and an open letter in his hand;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Sanaballat sent his servant to me the fifth time according to the former word, and he had a letter in his hand written in this manner:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then sent Sanballat his seruant vnto me, in like manner, the fifth time, with an open letter in his hand:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then Sanballat{gr.Sanaballat} sent his servant to me with an open letter in his hand.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then sent Sanvallat his servant unto me in like manner the fifth time with an open letter in his hand;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then sent 7971
{7971} Prime
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Sanvalla+ סַנבַלַּט 5571
{5571} Prime
Of foreign origin; Sanballat, a Persian satrap of Samaria.
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his servant 5288
{5288} Prime
From H5287; (concretely) a boy (as active), from the age of infancy to adolescence; by implication a servant; also (by interchange of sex), a girl (of similar latitude in age).
unto x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me in like x2088
(2088) Complement
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
manner 1697
{1697} Prime
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
the fifth 2549
{2549} Prime
Ordinal from H2568; fifth; also a fifth.
time 6471
{6471} Prime
From H6470; a stroke, literally or figuratively (in various applications).
with an open 6605
{6605} Prime
A primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically to loosen, begin, plough, carve.
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
letter 107
{0107} Prime
Feminine of H0104; an epistle.
in his hand; 3027
{3027} Prime
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Nehemiah 6:5-9

_ _ Then sent Sanballat his servant ... the fifth time with an open letter in his hand — In Western Asia, letters, after being rolled up like a map, are flattened to the breadth of an inch; and instead of being sealed, they are pasted at the ends. In Eastern Asia, the Persians make up their letters in the form of a roll about six inches long, and a bit of paper is fastened round it with gum, and sealed with an impression of ink, which resembles our printers’ ink, but it is not so thick. Letters were, and are still, sent to persons of distinction in a bag or purse, and even to equals they are enclosed — the tie being made with a colored ribbon. But to inferiors, or persons who are to be treated contemptuously, the letters were sent open — that is, not enclosed in a bag. Nehemiah, accustomed to the punctilious ceremonial of the Persian court, would at once notice the want of the usual formality and know that it was from designed disrespect. The strain of the letter was equally insolent. It was to this effect: The fortifications with which he was so busy were intended to strengthen his position in the view of a meditated revolt: he had engaged prophets to incite the people to enter into his design and support his claim to be their native king; and, to stop the circulation of such reports, which would soon reach the court, he was earnestly besought to come to the wished-for conference. Nehemiah, strong in the consciousness of his own integrity, and penetrating the purpose of this shallow artifice, replied that there were no rumors of the kind described, that the idea of a revolt and the stimulating addresses of hired demagogues were stories of the writer’s own invention, and that he declined now, as formerly, to leave his work.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Nehemiah 6:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Nehemiah 6:5

Open letter — As speaking of a thing commonly known.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
with an open letter:
This was a gross insult to a person of Nehemiah's quality; as the letters sent to chiefs and governors in the East are always carefully folded up, put in silk bags, and then sealed.
2 Kings 18:26-28 Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand [it]: and talk not with us in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that [are] on the wall. ... Then Rabshakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and spake, saying, Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria:
2 Corinthians 2:11 Lest Satan should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his devices.
2 Corinthians 11:13-15 For such [are] false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. ... Therefore [it is] no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.
Ephesians 6:11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.
2 Thessalonians 2:10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.
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2K 18:26. 2Co 2:11; 11:13. Ep 6:11. 2Th 2:10.

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