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Nehemiah 5:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Restore, I pray you, to them, even this day, their fields, their vineyards, their oliveyards, and their houses, also the hundredth part of the money, and of the grain, the new wine, and the oil, that ye exact of them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Restore, I pray you, to them, even this day, their lands, their vineyards, their oliveyards, and their houses, also the hundredth [part] of the money, and of the corn, the wine, and the oil, that ye exact of them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Please, give back to them this very day their fields, their vineyards, their olive groves and their houses, also the hundredth [part] of the money and of the grain, the new wine and the oil that you are exacting from them.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Restore, I pray you, to them, even this day, their lands, their vineyards, their olive-yards, and their houses, also the hundredth [part] of the money, and of the corn, the wine, and the oil, that ye exact of them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Restore, I pray you, to them this very day their fields, their vineyards, their olive-gardens, and their houses, also the hundredth [part] of the money, and of the corn, the wine and the oil, that ye have exacted of them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Restore, I pray you, unto them this very day, their fields, their vineyards, their oliveyards, and their houses,—also the hundredth of silver and corn, new wine and oil, for which ye have been lending to them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Give back, I pray you, to them, as to-day, their fields, their vineyards, their olive-yards, and their houses, and the hundredth [part] of the money, and of the corn, of the new wine, and of the oil, that ye are exacting of them.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Restore ye to them this day their fields, and their vineyards, and their oliveyards, and their houses: and the hundredth part of the money, and of the corn, the wine, and the oil, which you were wont to exact of them, give it rather for them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Restore, I pray you, to them, euen this day, their lands, their vineyards, their oliue-yards, and their houses, also the hundreth part of the money, and of the corne, the wine, and the oyle, that ye exact of them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Restore to them, I pray, as at this day, their fields, and their vineyards, and their olive-yards, and their houses, and bring forth to them corn and wine and oil of the money.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Restore, I pray you, to them, even this day, their lands, their vineyards, their oliveyards, and their houses, also the hundredth [part] of the money, and of the corn, the wine, and the oil, that ye exact of them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Restore, 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
I pray x4994
(4994) Complement
נָא
na'
{naw}
A primitive particle of incitement and entreaty, which may usually be rendered I pray, now or then; added mostly to verbs (in the imperative or future), or to interjections, occasionally to an adverb or conjugation.
you, to them, even this day, 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
their lands, 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
their vineyards, 3754
{3754} Prime
כֶּרֶם
kerem
{keh'-rem}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; a garden or vineyard.
their oliveyards, 2132
{2132} Prime
זַיִת
zayith
{zay'-yith}
Probably from an unused root (akin to H2099); an olive (as yielding illuminating oil), the tree, the branch or the berry.
and their houses, 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
also the hundredth 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
[part] of the money, 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
and of the corn, 1715
{1715} Prime
דָּגָן
dagan
{daw-gawn'}
From H1711; properly increase, that is, grain.
the wine, 8492
{8492} Prime
תִּירוֹשׁ
tiyrowsh
{tee-roshe'}
From H3423 in the sense of expulsion; must or fresh grape juice (as just squeezed out); by implication (rarely) fermented wine.
and the oil, 3323
{3323} Prime
יִצְהָר
yitshar
{yits-hawr'}
From H6671; oil (as producing light); figuratively anointing.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
ye x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
exact 5383
{5383} Prime
נָשָׁה
nashah
{naw-shaw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H5382, in the sense of H5378); to lend or (by reciprocity) borrow on security or interest.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Nehemiah 5:6-12.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Nehemiah 5:6-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Nehemiah 5:11

Also — Also require not: which is to be supplied out of the next verse, where it is expressed in their grant of this desire. Hundredth part — Which they required every month for the use of their monies or goods, according to the custom then used.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Nehemiah 5:11

Restore, I pray you, to them, even this day, their lands, their vineyards, their oliveyards, and their houses, also the hundredth [part] of the money, and of the corn, the wine, and the oil, (l) that ye exact of them.

(l) Which you take from them for the loan.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Restore:

Leviticus 6:4-5 Then it shall be, because he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away, or the thing which he hath deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found, ... Or all that about which he hath sworn falsely; he shall even restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto, [and] give it unto him to whom it appertaineth, in the day of his trespass offering.
1 Samuel 12:3 Behold, here I [am]: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received [any] bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you.
2 Samuel 12:6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.
Isaiah 58:6 [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?
Luke 3:8 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to [our] father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.

their lands:

Nehemiah 5:3-4 [Some] also there were that said, We have mortgaged our lands, vineyards, and houses, that we might buy corn, because of the dearth. ... There were also that said, We have borrowed money for the king's tribute, [and that upon] our lands and vineyards.

the hundredth:
This was probably the rate of interest which they obliged their poor debtors to pay each month, which would amount to about 12 percent. Another author states that this is the lowest rate of interest in Syria. The usual rate is 20; and it is sometimes as high as 30 percent.
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Lv 6:4. 1S 12:3. 2S 12:6. Ne 5:3. Is 58:6. Lk 3:8.

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