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Nehemiah 3:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The valley gate repaired Hanun, and the inhabitants of Zanoah; they built it, and set up the doors thereof, the bolts thereof, and the bars thereof, and a thousand cubits of the wall unto the dung gate.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The valley gate repaired Hanun, and the inhabitants of Zanoah; they built it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof, and a thousand cubits on the wall unto the dung gate.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Hanun and the inhabitants of Zanoah repaired the Valley Gate. They built it and hung its doors with its bolts and its bars, and a thousand cubits of the wall to the Refuse Gate.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The valley-gate repaired Hanun, and the inhabitants of Zanoah; they built it, and set up its doors, its locks, and its bars, and a thousand cubits on the wall to the dung-gate.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The valley-gate repaired Hanun, and the inhabitants of Zanoah; they built it, and set up its doors, its locks and its bars, and a thousand cubits of the wall as far as the dung-gate.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The valley-gate, did Hanun and the inhabitants of Zanoah, repair,—they, built it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof,—also a thousand cubits in the wall, as far as the dung-gate.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The gate of the valley hath Hanun strengthened, and the inhabitants of Zanoah; they have built it, and set up its doors, its locks, and its bars, and a thousand cubits in the wall unto the dung-gate.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the gate of the valley Hanun built, and the inhabitants of Zanoe: they built it, and set up the doors thereof, and the locks, and the bars, and a thousand cubits in the wall unto the gate of the dunghill.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The valley-gate repaired Hanun, and the inhabitants of Zanoah; they built it, and set vp the doores thereof, the lockes thereof, and the bars thereof, and a thousand cubits on the wall, vnto the doung-gate.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Anun and the inhabitants of Zano repaired the gate of the valley: they built it, and set up its doors, and its bolts, and its bars, and a thousand cubits of the wall as far as the dung-gate.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The valley gate repaired Chanun, and the inhabitants of Zanoach; they built it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof, and a thousand cubits on the wall unto the dung gate.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
The valley 1516
{1516} Prime
גַּיְא
gay'
{gah'-ee}
Probably (by transmutation) from the same root as H1466 (abbreviated); a gorge (from its lofty sides; hence narrow, but not a gully or winter torrent).
gate 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
repaired 2388
{2388} Prime
חָזַק
chazaq
{khaw-zak'}
A primitive root; to fasten upon; hence to seize, be strong (figuratively courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
nn חָנוּן, 2586
{2586} Prime
חָנוּן
Chanuwn
{khaw-noon'}
From H2603; favored; Chanun, the name of an Ammonite and of two Israelites.
and the inhabitants 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of Zn זָנוֹחַ; 2182
{2182} Prime
זָנוֹחַ
Zanowach
{zaw-no'-akh}
From H2186; rejected; Zanoach, the name of two places in Palestine.
they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
built 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
it, and set up 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the doors 1817
{1817} Prime
דֶּלֶת
deleth
{deh'-leth}
From H1802; something swinging, that is, the valve of a door.
thereof, the locks 4514
{4514} Prime
מַנְעוּל
man`uwl
{man-ool'}
From H5274; a bolt.
thereof, and the bars 1280
{1280} Prime
בְּרִיחַ
b@riyach
{ber-ee'-akh}
From H1272; a bolt.
thereof, and a thousand 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
cubits 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
on the wall 2346
{2346} Prime
חוֹמָה
chowmah
{kho-maw'}
Feminine active participle of an unused root apparently meaning to join; a wall of protection.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the dung 830
{0830} Prime
אַשְׁפֹּת
'ashpoth
{ash-pohth'}
Plural of a noun of the same form as H0827, from H8192 (in the sense of scraping); a heap of rubbish or filth.
gate. 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Nehemiah 3:13

_ _ the inhabitants of Zanoah — There were two towns so called in the territory of Judah (Joshua 15:34, Joshua 15:56).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Nehemiah 3:1-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the valley gate:

Nehemiah 2:13 And I went out by night by the gate of the valley, even before the dragon well, and to the dung port, and viewed the walls of Jerusalem, which were broken down, and the gates thereof were consumed with fire.

Zanoah:
There were two towns of the name of Zanoah in the tribe of Judah. See the parallel passages.
Nehemiah 11:30 Zanoah, Adullam, and [in] their villages, at Lachish, and the fields thereof, at Azekah, and [in] the villages thereof. And they dwelt from Beersheba unto the valley of Hinnom.
Joshua 15:34 And Zanoah, and Engannim, Tappuah, and Enam,
Joshua 15:56 And Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah,
1 Chronicles 4:18 And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these [are] the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took.
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Jsh 15:34, 56. 1Ch 4:18. Ne 2:13; 11:30.

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