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Nehemiah 13:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now before this, Eliashib the priest, who was appointed over the chambers of the house of our God, being allied unto Tobiah,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And before this, Eliashib the priest, having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our God, [was] allied unto Tobiah:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now prior to this, Eliashib the priest, who was appointed over the chambers of the house of our God, being related to Tobiah,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And before this, Eliashib the priest, having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our God, [was] allied to Tobiah:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And before this, Eliashib the priest, who had the oversight of the chambers of the house of our God, a kinsman of Tobijah,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Now, before this, Eliashib the priest, who was set over a chamber of the house of God, was allied unto Tobiah;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And before this Eliashib the priest, appointed over chambers of the house of our God, [is] a relation of Tobiah,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And over this thing was Eliasib the priest, who was set over the treasury of the house of our God, and was near akin to Tobias.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And before this Eliashib the priest hauing the ouersight of the chamber of the house of our God, was allied vnto Tobiah:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And before this time Eliashib{gr.Eliasib} the priest dwelt in the treasury of the house of our God, connected with Tobiah{gr.Tobias};
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And before this, Elyashiv the priest, having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our Elohim, [was] allied unto Toviyyah:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
this, x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
Elyv אֶליָשִׁיב 475
{0475} Prime
אֶלְיָשִׁיב
'Elyashiyb
{el-yaw-sheeb'}
From H0410 and H7725; God will restore; Eljashib, the name of six Israelites.
the priest, 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
having the oversight 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
of the chamber 3957
{3957} Prime
לִשְׁכָּה
lishkah
{lish-kaw'}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; a room in a building (whether for storage, eating, or lodging).
of the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of our lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
[was] allied 7138
{7138} Prime
קָרוֹב
qarowb
{kaw-robe'}
From H7126; near (in place, kindred or time).
unto viyy טוֹבִיָּה: 2900
{2900} Prime
טוֹבִיָּה
Towbiyah
{to-bee-yaw'}
From H2896 and H3050; goodness of Jehovah; Tobijah, the name of three Israelites and of one Samaritan.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Nehemiah 13:4-5

_ _ before this — The practice of these mixed marriages, in open neglect or violation of the law, had become so common, that even the pontifical house, which ought to have set a better example, was polluted by such an impure mixture.

_ _ Eliashib the priest ... was allied unto Tobiah — This person was the high priest (Nehemiah 13:28; also Nehemiah 3:1), who, by virtue of his dignified office, had the superintendence and control of the apartments attached to the temple. The laxity of his principles, as well as of his practice, is sufficiently apparent from his contracting a family connection with so notorious an enemy of Israel as Tobiah. But his obsequious attentions had carried him much farther; for to accommodate so important a person as Tobiah on his occasional visits to Jerusalem, Eliashib had provided him a splendid apartment in the temple. The introduction of so gross an impropriety can be accounted for in no other way than by supposing that in the absence of the priests and the cessation of the services, the temple was regarded as a common public building, which might, in the circumstances, be appropriated as a palatial residence.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Nehemiah 13:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Nehemiah 13:4

Eliashib — The high — priest. Chamber — Of the chambers, the high — priest having the chief power over the house of God, and all the chambers belonging to it. Tobiah — The Ammonite, and a violent enemy to God's people.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Nehemiah 13:4

And before (b) this, Eliashib the priest, having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our God, [was] (c) allied unto Tobiah:

(b) That the separation was made.

(c) He was united with Tobiah the Ammonite the enemy of the Jews.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Eliashib:

Nehemiah 13:7 And I came to Jerusalem, and understood of the evil that Eliashib did for Tobiah, in preparing him a chamber in the courts of the house of God.
Nehemiah 12:10 And Jeshua begat Joiakim, Joiakim also begat Eliashib, and Eliashib begat Joiada,

having the oversight of:
Heb. being set over,
Nehemiah 12:44 And at that time were some appointed over the chambers for the treasures, for the offerings, for the firstfruits, and for the tithes, to gather into them out of the fields of the cities the portions of the law for the priests and Levites: for Judah rejoiced for the priests and for the Levites that waited.

allied:

Nehemiah 13:28 And [one] of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, [was] son in law to Sanballat the Horonite: therefore I chased him from me.
Nehemiah 6:17-18 Moreover in those days the nobles of Judah sent many letters unto Tobiah, and [the letters] of Tobiah came unto them. ... For [there were] many in Judah sworn unto him, because he [was] the son in law of Shechaniah the son of Arah; and his son Johanan had taken the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah.
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Ne 6:17; 12:10, 44; 13:7, 28.

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