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Nehemiah 12:45 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they kept the charge of their God, and the charge of the purification, and [so did] the singers and the porters, according to the commandment of David, and of Solomon his son.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And both the singers and the porters kept the ward of their God, and the ward of the purification, according to the commandment of David, [and] of Solomon his son.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For they performed the worship of their God and the service of purification, together with the singers and the gatekeepers in accordance with the command of David [and] of his son Solomon.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And both the singers and the porters kept the ward of their God, and the ward of the purification, according to the commandment of David, [and] of Solomon his son.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And, with the singers and the doorkeepers, they kept the ward of their God, and the ward of the purification, according to the commandment of David [and] of Solomon his son.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So they kept the charge of their God, and the charge of the purification, and [so did] the singers and the doorkeepers,—according to the commandment of David and of Solomon his son.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the singers and the gatekeepers keep the charge of their God, even the charge of the cleansing—according to the command of David [and] Solomon his son,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they kept the watch of their God, and the observance of expiation, and the singing men, and the porters, according to the commandment of David, and of Solomon his son.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And both the singers and the porters kept the ward of their God, and the ward of the purification, according to the commandement of Dauid, [and] of Solomon his sonne.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they kept the charges of their God, and the charges of the purification, and [ordered] the singers and the porters, according to the commandments of David and his son Solomon.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And both the singers and the porters kept the ward of their Elohim, and the ward of the purification, according to the commandment of Dawid, [and] of Shelomoh his son.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And both the singers 7891
{7891} Prime
שִׁיר
shiyr
{sheer}
The second form being the original form, used in (1 Samuel 18:6); a primitive root (rather identical with H7788 through the idea of strolling minstrelsy); to sing.
z8789
<8789> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 51
and the porters 7778
{7778} Prime
שׁוֹעֵר
show`er
{sho-are'}
Active participle of H8176 (as denominative from H8179); a janitor.
kept 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the ward 4931
{4931} Prime
מִשְׁמֶרֶת
mishmereth
{mish-meh'-reth}
Feminine of H4929; watch, that is, the act (custody) or (concretely) the sentry, the post; objectively preservation, or (concretely) safe; figuratively observance, that is, (abstractly) duty, or (objectively) a usage or party.
of their lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
and the ward 4931
{4931} Prime
מִשְׁמֶרֶת
mishmereth
{mish-meh'-reth}
Feminine of H4929; watch, that is, the act (custody) or (concretely) the sentry, the post; objectively preservation, or (concretely) safe; figuratively observance, that is, (abstractly) duty, or (objectively) a usage or party.
of the purification, 2893
{2893} Prime
טָהֳרָה
tohorah
{toh-or-aw'}
Feminine of H2892; ceremonial purification; moral purity.
according to the commandment 4687
{4687} Prime
מִצְוָה
mitsvah
{mits-vaw'}
From H6680; a command, whether human or divine (collectively the Law).
of Dwi דָּוִד, 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
[and] of lm שְׁלֹמֹה 8010
{8010} Prime
שְׁלֹמֹה
Sh@lomoh
{shel-o-mo'}
From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David's successor.
his son. 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Nehemiah 12:45

_ _ the singers and the porters kept ... the ward of the purification — that is, took care that no unclean person was allowed to enter within the precincts of the sacred building. This was the official duty of the porters (2 Chronicles 23:19), with whom, owing to the pressure of circumstances, it was deemed expedient that the singers should be associated as assistants.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Nehemiah 12:44-47.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Nehemiah 12:45

The ward — That ward, or charge, which God had prescribed to them. And in particular the charge of purification, of taking care that no unclean person or thing should enter into the house or courts of the Lord.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the singers:

1 Chronicles 25:1-26:32 Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was: ... And his brethren, men of valour, [were] two thousand and seven hundred chief fathers, whom king David made rulers over the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, for every matter pertaining to God, and affairs of the king.

the ward:
That is, they suffered no unclean person to enter the temple.
1 Chronicles 23:28 Because their office [was] to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of the LORD, in the courts, and in the chambers, and in the purifying of all holy things, and the work of the service of the house of God;
2 Chronicles 23:6 But let none come into the house of the LORD, save the priests, and they that minister of the Levites; they shall go in, for they [are] holy: but all the people shall keep the watch of the LORD.
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1Ch 23:28; 25:1. 2Ch 23:6.

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