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Nehemiah 12:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And in the days of Joiakim were priests, heads of fathers' [houses]: of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And in the days of Joiakim were priests, the chief of the fathers: of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now in the days of Joiakim, the priests, the heads of fathers’ [households] were: of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And in the days of Joiakim were priests, the chief of the fathers: of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And in the days of Joiakim were priests, chief fathers: of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, in the days of Joiakim, were priests, ancestral chiefs,—of Seraiah, Meraiah, of Jeremiah, Hananiah;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And in the days of Joiakim have been priests, heads of the fathers; of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And in the days of Joacim the priests and heads of the families were: Of Saraia, Maraia: of Jeremias, Hanania:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And in the dayes of Ioiakim, were Priests the chiefe of the fathers: of Seraiah, Meraiah: of Ieremiah, Hananiah:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And in the days of Jehoiakim{gr.Joakim}, his brethren the priests and the heads of families [were, belonging] to Seraiah{gr.Saraia}, Amariah{gr.Amaria}; to Jeremiah{gr.Jeremia}, Hananiah{gr.Anania};
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And in the days of Yoyaqim were priests, the chief of the fathers: of Serayah, Merayah; of Yirmeyah, Chananyah;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And in the days 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of Yykm יוֹיָקִים 3113
{3113} Prime
יוֹיָקִים
Yowyaqiym
{yo-yaw-keem'}
A form of H3079; Jojakim, an Israelite.
were x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
priests, 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
the chief 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
of the fathers: 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
of ry שְׂרָיָה, 8304
{8304} Prime
שְׂרָיָה
S@rayah
{ser-aw-yaw'}
From H8280 and H3050; Jah has prevailed; Serajah, the name of nine Israelites.
Mry מְרָיָה; 4811
{4811} Prime
מְרָיָה
M@rayah
{mer-aw-yaw'}
From H4784; rebellion; Merajah, an Israelite.
of Yirmy יִרמְיָה, 3414
{3414} Prime
יִרְמְיָה
Yirm@yah
{yir-meh-yaw'}
From H7311 and H3050; Jah will rise; Jirmejah, the name of eight or nine Israelites.
nany חֲנַניָה; 2608
{2608} Prime
חֲנַנְיָה
Chananyah
{khan-an-yaw'}
From H2603 and H3050; Jah has favored; Chananjah, the name of thirteen Israelites.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Nehemiah 12:12

_ _ in the days of Joiakim were priests, the chief of the fathers — As there had been priests in the days of Jeshua, so in the time of Joiakim, the son and successor of Jeshua, the sons of those persons filled the priestly office in the place of their fathers, some of whom were still alive, though many were dead.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Nehemiah 12:1-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Nehemiah 12:12

Priests — As their fathers were priests in the days of Joshua, so in the days of Joiakim the son of Joshua, the sons of those persons executed the priesthood in their father's steads, some of their fathers probably being yet living, and many of them dead.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Nehemiah 12:12

And in the days of Joiakim were priests, the chief of the fathers: of (e) Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah;

(e) That is, next to Seraiah or rather of the order, who was called after the name of Seraiah.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the chief:

Nehemiah 12:22 The Levites in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and Johanan, and Jaddua, [were] recorded chief of the fathers: also the priests, to the reign of Darius the Persian.
1 Chronicles 9:33-34 And these [are] the singers, chief of the fathers of the Levites, [who remaining] in the chambers [were] free: for they were employed in [that] work day and night. ... These chief fathers of the Levites [were] chief throughout their generations; these dwelt at Jerusalem.
1 Chronicles 15:12 And said unto them, Ye [are] the chief of the fathers of the Levites: sanctify yourselves, [both] ye and your brethren, that ye may bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel unto [the place that] I have prepared for it.
1 Chronicles 24:6-31 And Shemaiah the son of Nethaneel the scribe, [one] of the Levites, wrote them before the king, and the princes, and Zadok the priest, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, and [before] the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites: one principal household being taken for Eleazar, and [one] taken for Ithamar. ... These likewise cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.

Seraiah:

Nehemiah 12:1 Now these [are] the priests and the Levites that went up with Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua: Seraiah, Jeremiah, Ezra,
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1Ch 9:33; 15:12; 24:6. Ne 12:1, 22.

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