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Nehemiah 10:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Also we made ordinances for us, to charge ourselves yearly with the third part of a shekel for the service of the house of our God;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Also we made ordinances for us, to charge ourselves yearly with the third part of a shekel for the service of the house of our God;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— We also placed ourselves under obligation to contribute yearly one third of a shekel for the service of the house of our God:
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Also we made ordinances for us, to charge ourselves yearly with the third part of a shekel for the service of the house of our God;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And we made ordinances for us, to charge ourselves yearly with the third part of a shekel for the service of the house of our God,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And we laid on ourselves charges, appointing for ourselves the third of a shekel, yearly,—for the service of the house of our God:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And we have appointed for ourselves commands, to put on ourselves the third of a shekel in a year, for the service of the house of our God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And we made ordinances for ourselves, to give the third part of a sicle every year for the work of the house of our God,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Also we made ordinances for vs, to charge our selues yeerely, with the third part of a shekel, for the seruice of the house of our God,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And we will impose ordinances upon ourselves, to levy on ourselves the third part of a didrachm yearly for the service of the house of our God;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Also we made ordinances for us, to charge ourselves yearly with the third part of a shekel for the service of the house of our Elohim;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Also we made 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
ordinances 4687
{4687} Prime
מִצְוָה
mitsvah
{mits-vaw'}
From H6680; a command, whether human or divine (collectively the Law).
for x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
us, to charge 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
ourselves x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
yearly 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
with the third part 7992
{7992} Prime
שְׁלִישִׁי
sh@liyshiy
{shel-ee-shee'}
Ordinal from H7969; third; feminine a third (part); by extension a third (day, year or time); specifically a third story cell).
of a shekel 8255
{8255} Prime
שֶׁקֶל
sheqel
{sheh'-kel}
From H8254; probably a weight; used as a commercial standard.
for the service 5656
{5656} Prime
עֲבֹדָה
`abodah
{ab-o-daw'}
From H5647; work of any kind.
of the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of our lhm אֱלֹהִים; 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Nehemiah 10:29-37.


Nehemiah 10:32

_ _ the third part of a shekel for the service of the house of our God — The law required every individual above twenty years of age to pay half a shekel to the sanctuary. But in consequence of the general poverty of the people, occasioned by war and captivity, this tribute was reduced to a third part of a shekel.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Nehemiah 10:32-39

_ _ Having covenanted against the sins they had been guilty of, they proceed in obliging themselves to revive and observe the duties they had neglected. We must not only cease to do evil, but learn to do well.

_ _ I. It was resolved, in general, that the temple service should be carefully kept up, that the work of the house of their God should be done in its season, according to the law, Nehemiah 10:33. Let not any people expect the blessing of God unless they make conscience of observing his ordinances and keeping up the public worship of him. Then it is likely to go well with our houses when care is taken that the work of God's house go on well. It was likewise resolved that they would never forsake the house of their God (Nehemiah 10:39), as they and their fathers had done, would not forsake it for the house of any other god, or for the high places, as idolaters did, nor forsake it for their farms and merchandises, as those did that were atheistical and profane. Those that forsake the worship of God forsake God.

_ _ II. It was resolved, in pursuance of this, that they would liberally maintain the temple service, and not starve it. The priests were ready to do their part in all the work of God's house, if the people would do theirs, which was to find them with materials to work upon. Now here it was agreed and concluded, 1. That a stock should be raised for the furnishing of God's table and altar plentifully. Formerly there were treasures in the house of the Lord for this purpose, but these were gone, and there was no settled fund to supply the want of them. It was a constant charge to provide show-bread for the table, two lambs for the daily offerings, four for the sabbaths, and more, and more costly, sacrifices for other festivals, occasional sin-offerings, and meat-offerings, and drink-offerings for them all. They had no rich king to provide these, as Hezekiah did; the priests could not afford to provide them, their maintenance was so small; the people therefore agreed to contribute yearly, every one of them, the third part of a shekel, about ten pence a-piece for the bearing of this expense. When every one will act, and every one will give, though but little, towards a good work, the whole amount will be considerable. The tirshatha did not impose this tax, but the people made it an ordinance for themselves, and charged themselves with it, Nehemiah 10:32, Nehemiah 10:33. 2. That particular care should be taken to provide wood for the altar, to keep the fire always burning upon it, and wherewith to boil the peace-offerings. All of them, priests and Levites as well as people, agreed to bring in their quota, and cast lots in what order they should bring it in, which family first and which next, that there might be a constant supply, and not a scarcity at one time and an overplus at another, Nehemiah 10:34. Thus they provided the fire and the wood, as well as the lambs for the burnt-offerings. 3. That all those things which the divine law had appointed for the maintenance of the priests and Levites should be duly paid in, for their encouragement to mind their business, and that they might not be under any temptation to neglect it for the making of necessary provision for their families. Then the work of the house of God is likely to go on when those that serve at the altar live, and live comfortably, upon the altar. First-fruits and tenths were then the principal branches of the ministers' revenues; and they here resolved, (1.) To bring in the first-fruits justly, the first-fruits of their ground and trees (Exodus 23:19; Leviticus 19:23), the first-born of their children (even the money wherewith they were to be redeemed) and of their cattle, Exodus 13:2, Exodus 13:11, Exodus 13:12 (this was given to the priests, Numbers 18:15, Numbers 18:16), also the first-fruits of their dough (Numbers 15:21), concerning which there is a particular order given in the prophecy concerning the second temple, Ezekiel 44:30. (2.) To bring in their tenths likewise, which were due to the Levites (Nehemiah 10:37), and a tenth out of those tenths to the priest, Nehemiah 10:38. This was the law (Numbers 18:21-28); but these dues had been withheld, in consequence of which God, by the prophet, charges them with robbing him (Malachi 3:8, Malachi 3:9), at the same time encouraging them to be more just to him and his receivers, with a promise that, if they brought the tithes into the store-house, he would pour out blessings upon them, Nehemiah 10:10. This therefore they resolved to do, that there might be meat in God's house, and plenty in the store-chambers of the temple, where the vessels of the sanctuary were, Nehemiah 10:39. “We will do it (say they) in all the cities of our tillage,Nehemiah 10:37. In all the cities of our servitude, so the Septuagint, for they were servants in their own land, Nehemiah 9:36. But (as Mr. Poole well observes), though they paid great taxes to the kings of Persia, and had much hardship put upon them, they would not make that an excuse for not paying their tithes, but would render to God the things that were his, as well as to Caesar the things that were his. We must do what we can in works of piety and charity notwithstanding the taxes we pay to the government, and cheerfully perform our duty to God in our servitude, which will be the surest way to ease and liberty in God's due time.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to charge:

Genesis 28:22 And this stone, which I have set [for] a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee.
Proverbs 3:9 Honour the LORD with thy substance, and with the firstfruits of all thine increase:

the third part:
According to the law, every one above twenty years of age was to give half a shekel to the sanctuary for a ransom for their souls. But, on account of the general poverty of the people, occasioned by their wars, and captivity, and by heavy tributes, etc., in the land of their captivity, this sum was reduced to the third part of a shekel.
Exodus 30:11-16 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... And thou shalt take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and shalt appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before the LORD, to make an atonement for your souls.
Matthew 17:24-27 And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute [money] came to Peter, and said, Doth not your master pay tribute? ... Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou hast opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them for me and thee.
2 Corinthians 8:12 For if there be first a willing mind, [it is] accepted according to that a man hath, [and] not according to that he hath not.
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Gn 28:22. Ex 30:11. Pv 3:9. Mt 17:24. 2Co 8:12.

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