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Nahum 3:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Woe to the bloody city! it is all full of lies and rapine; the prey departeth not.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Woe to the bloody city! it [is] all full of lies [and] robbery; the prey departeth not;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Woe to the bloody city, completely full of lies [and] pillage; [Her] prey never departs.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Woe to the bloody city! it [is] all full of lies [and] robberies; the prey departeth not;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Woe to the bloody city! It is all full of lies [and] violence; the prey departeth not.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Alas for the city of bloodshed! All of it, deceit, of violence full, none releaseth prey!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Woe [to] the city of blood, She is all with lies—burglary—full, Prey doth not depart.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Woe to thee, O city of blood, all full of lies and violence: rapine shall not depart from thee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Woe to the bloody City, it [is] all full of lyes [and] robberie, the pray departeth not.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— O city of blood, wholly false, full of unrighteousness; the prey shall not be handled.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Woe to the bloody city! it [is] all full of lies [and] robbery; the prey departeth not;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Woe 1945
{1945} Prime
A prolonged form of H1930 (akin to H0188); oh!.
to the bloody 1818
{1818} Prime
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
city! 5892
{5892} Prime
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
it [is] all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
full 4392
{4392} Prime
From H4390; full (literally or figuratively) or filling (literally); also (concretely) fulness; adverbially fully.
of lies 3585
{3585} Prime
From H3584; literally a failure of flesh, that is, emaciation; figuratively hypocrisy.
[and] robbery; 6563
{6563} Prime
From H6561; rapine; also a fork (in roads).
the prey 2964
{2964} Prime
From H2963; something torn, that is, a fragment, for example a fresh leaf, prey, food.
departeth 4185
{4185} Prime
A primitive root (perhaps rather the same as H4184 through the idea of receding by contact); to withdraw (both literally and figuratively, whether intransitively or transitively).
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
not; x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Nahum 3:1

_ _ Nahum 3:1-19. Repetition of Nineveh’s doom, with new features; the cause is her tyranny, rapine, and cruelty: No-ammon’s fortifications did not save her; it is vain, therefore, for Nineveh to think her defenses will secure her against God’s sentence.

_ _ the bloody city! — literally, “city of blood,” namely, shed by Nineveh; just so now her own blood is to be shed.

_ _ robbery — violence [Maurer]. Extortion [Grotius].

_ _ the prey departeth not — Nineveh never ceases to live by rapine. Or, the Hebrew verb is transitive, “she (Nineveh) does not make the prey depart”; she ceases not to plunder.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Nahum 3:1-7

_ _ Here is, I. Nineveh arraigned and indicted. It is a high charge that is here drawn up against that great city, and neither her numbers nor her grandeur shall secure her from prosecution. 1. It is a city of blood, in which a great deal of innocent blood is shed by unrighteous war, or under colour and pretence of public justice, or by suffering barbarous murders to go unpunished; for this the righteous God will make inquisition. 2. It is all full of lies; truth is banished from among them; there is no such thing as honesty; one knows not whom to believe nor whom to trust. 3. It is all full of robbery and rapine; no man cares what mischief he does, nor to whom he does it: The prey departs not, that is, they never know when they have got enough by spoil and oppression. They shed blood, and told lies, in pursuit of the prey, that they might enrich themselves. 4. There is a multitude of whoredoms in it, that is, idolatries, spiritual whoredoms, by which she defiled herself, and to which she seduced the neighbouring nations, as a well-favoured harlot, and sold and ruined nations through her whoredoms. 5. She is a mistress of witchcrafts, and by them she sells families, Nahum 3:4. That which Nineveh aimed at was a universal monarchy, to be the metropolis of the world, and to have all her neighbours under her feet; to compass this, she used not only arms, but arts, compelling some, deluding others, into subjection to her, and wheedling them as a harlot by her charms to lay their necks under her yoke, suggesting to them that it would be for their advantage. She courted them to join with her in her idolatrous rites, to tie them the faster to her interests, and made use of her wealth, power, and greatness, to draw people into alliances with her, by which she gained advantages over them, and made a hand of them. These were her whoredoms, like those of Tyre, Isaiah 23:15, Isaiah 23:17. These were her witchcrafts, with which she unaccountably gained dominion. And for this that God has a quarrel with her who, having made of one blood all nations of men, never designed one to be a nation of tyrants and another of slaves, and who claims it as his own prerogative to be universal Monarch.

_ _ II. Nineveh condemned to ruin upon this indictment. Woe to this bloody city! Nahum 3:1. See what this woe is.

_ _ 1. Nineveh had with her cruelties been a terror and destruction to others, and therefore destruction and terror shall be brought upon her. Those that are for overthrowing all that come in their way will, sooner or later, meet with their match. (1.) Hear the alarm with which Nineveh shall be terrified, Nahum 3:2. It is a formidable army that advances against it; you may hear them at a distance, the noise of the whip, driving the chariot-horses with fury; you may hear the noise of the rattling of the wheels, the prancing horses, and the jumping chariots; the very noise is frightful, but much more so when they know that all this force is coming with all this speed against them, and they are not able to make head against it. (2.) See the slaughter with which Nineveh shall be laid waste (Nahum 3:3), the sword drawn with which execution shall be done, the bright sword lifted up and the glittering spear, the dazzling brightness of which is very terrible to those whom they are lifted up against. See what havoc these make when they are commissioned to slay: There is a great number of carcases, for the slain of the land shall be many; there is no end of their corpses; there is such a multitude of slain that it is in vain to go about to take the number of them; they lie so thick that passengers are ready to stumble upon their corpses at every step. The destruction of Sennacherib's army, which, in the morning, were all dead corpses, is perhaps looked upon here as a figure of the like destruction that should afterwards be in Nineveh; for those that will not take warning by judgments at a distance shall have them come nearer.

_ _ 2. Nineveh had with her whoredoms and witchcrafts drawn others to shameful wickedness, and therefore God will load her with shame and contempt (Nahum 3:5-7): The Lord of hosts is against her, and then she shall be exposed to the highest degree of disgrace and ignominy, shall not only lose all her charms, but shall be made to appear very odious. When it shall be seen that while she courted her neighbours it was with design to ruin their liberty and property, when all her wicked artifices shall be brought to light, then her shame is discovered to the nations. When her proud pretensions are baffled, and her vain towering hopes of an absolute and universal dominion brought to nought, and she appears not to have been so strong and considerable as she would have been thought to be, then to see the nakedness of the land do they come, and it appears ridiculous. Then do they cast abominable filth upon her, as upon a carted strumpet, and make her vile as the offscouring of all things; that great city, which all nations had made court to and coveted an alliance with, has become a gazing-stock, a laughing stock. Those that formerly looked upon her, and fled to her, in hopes of protection from her, now look upon her and flee from her, for fear of being ruined with her. Note, Those that abuse their honour and interest will justly be disgraced and abandoned, and, because miserable, will be made contemptible, and thereby be made more miserable. When Nineveh is laid waste who will bemoan her? Her trouble will be so great, and her sense of it so deep, as not to admit relief from sympathy, or any comforting considerations; or, if it would, none shall do any such good office: When shall I seek comforters for thee? Note, Those that showed no pity in the day of their power can expect to find no pity in the day of their fall. When those about Nineveh, that had been deceived by her wiles, come to be undeceived in her ruin, every one shall insult over her, and none bemoan her. This was Nineveh's fate, when she was made a spectacle, or gazing-stock. Note, The greater men's show was in the day of their abused prosperity the greater will their shame be in the day of their deserved destruction. I will make thee an example; so Drusus reads it. Note, When proud sinners are humbled and brought down it is designed that others should take example by them not to lift up themselves in security and insolence when they prosper in the world.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Nahum 3:1

The prey — Extortion and rapine.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Nahum 3:1

Woe to the bloody city! it [is] all full of lies [and] robbery; (a) the prey departeth not;

(a) It never ceases to spoil and rob.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 24:9 They shall not drink wine with a song; strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink it.
Ezekiel 22:2-3 Now, thou son of man, wilt thou judge, wilt thou judge the bloody city? yea, thou shalt shew her all her abominations. ... Then say thou, Thus saith the Lord GOD, The city sheddeth blood in the midst of it, that her time may come, and maketh idols against herself to defile herself.
Ezekiel 24:6-9 Wherefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the bloody city, to the pot whose scum [is] therein, and whose scum is not gone out of it! bring it out piece by piece; let no lot fall upon it. ... Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the bloody city! I will even make the pile for fire great.
Habakkuk 2:12 Woe to him that buildeth a town with blood, and stablisheth a city by iniquity!
Zephaniah 3:1-3 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city! ... Her princes within her [are] roaring lions; her judges [are] evening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow.

bloody city:
Heb. city of bloods


Nahum 2:12 The lion did tear in pieces enough for his whelps, and strangled for his lionesses, and filled his holes with prey, and his dens with ravin.
Isaiah 17:14 And behold at eveningtide trouble; [and] before the morning he [is] not. This [is] the portion of them that spoil us, and the lot of them that rob us.
Isaiah 42:24 Who gave Jacob for a spoil, and Israel to the robbers? did not the LORD, he against whom we have sinned? for they would not walk in his ways, neither were they obedient unto his law.
Hosea 4:2 By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
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Is 17:14; 24:9; 42:24. Ezk 22:2; 24:6. Ho 4:2. Na 2:12. Hab 2:12. Zp 3:1.

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