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Nahum 2:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Where is the den of the lions, and the feeding-place of the young lions, where the lion [and] the lioness walked, the lion's whelp, and none made them afraid?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Where [is] the dwelling of the lions, and the feedingplace of the young lions, where the lion, [even] the old lion, walked, [and] the lion's whelp, and none made [them] afraid?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Where is the den of the lions And the feeding place of the young lions, Where the lion, lioness and lion’s cub prowled, With nothing to disturb [them]?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Where [is] the dwelling of the lions, and the feeding-place of the young lions, where the lion, [even] the old lion, walked, [and] the lion's whelp, and none made [them] afraid?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Where is [now] the den of the lions, and the feeding-place of the young lions, where the lion, the lioness, [and] the lion's whelp walked, and none made them afraid?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Where is the lair of the lions? Yea the very feeding-place of the young lions,—where walked the lion, the lioness, the lion's whelp, with none to make them afraid?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Where [is] the habitation of lionesses? And a feeding-place it [is] for young lions Where walked hath a lion, an old lion, A lion's whelp, and there is none troubling.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Where is now the dwelling of the lions, and the feeding place of the young lions, to which the lion went, to enter in thither, the young lion, and there was none to make them afraid?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Where is the dwelling of the Lions, and the feeding place of the yong Lions? where the Lion, [euen] the olde Lion walked, and the Lions whelpe, and none made [them] afraid.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Where is the dwelling-place of the lions, and the pasture that belonged to the whelps? where did the lion go, that the lion's whelp should enter in there, and there was none to scare [him] away?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Where [is] the dwelling of the lions, and the feedingplace of the young lions, where the lion, [even] the old lion, walked, [and] the lion's whelp, and none made [them] afraid?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Where x346
(0346) Complement
Prolonged from H0335; where?.
[is] the dwelling 4583
{4583} Prime
From the same as H5772; an abode, of God (the Tabernacle or the Temple), men (their home) or animals (their lair); hence a retreat (asylum).
of the lions, 738
{0738} Prime
From H0717 (in the sense of violence); a lion.
and the feedingplace 4829
{4829} Prime
From H7462 in the sense of feeding; pasture (the palce or the act); also the haunt of wild animals.
of the young lions, 3715
{3715} Prime
From H3722; a village (as covered in by walls); also a young lion (perhaps as covered with a mane).
where x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
(8033) Complement
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
the lion, 738
{0738} Prime
From H0717 (in the sense of violence); a lion.
[even] the old lion, 3833
{3833} Prime
From an unused root meaning to roar; a lion (properly a lioness as the fiercer (although not a roarer; compare H0738)).
walked, 1980
{1980} Prime
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[and] the lion's 738
{0738} Prime
From H0717 (in the sense of violence); a lion.
whelp, 1482
{1482} Prime
Perhaps from H1481; a cub (as still abiding in the lair), especially of the lion.
and none x369
(0369) Complement
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
made [them] afraid? 2729
{2729} Prime
A primitive root; to shudder with terror; hence to fear; also to hasten (with anxiety).
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Nahum 2:11

_ _ dwelling of ... lions — Nineveh, the seat of empire of the rapacious and destructive warriors of various ranks, typified by the “lions,” “young lions,” “old lion” (or lioness [Maurer]), “the lion’s whelp.” The image is peculiarly appropriate, as lions of every form, winged, and sometimes with the head of a man, are frequent in the Assyrian sepulchres. It was as full of spoils of all nations as a lion’s den is of remains of its prey. The question, “Where,” etc., implies that Jehovah “would make an utter end of the place,” so that its very site could not be found (Nahum 1:8). It is a question expressing wonder, so incredible did it then seem.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Nahum 2:11-13

_ _ Here we have Nineveh's ruin, 1. Triumphed in by its neighbours, who now remember against it all the oppressions and abuse of power it had been guilty of in its pomp and prosperity (Nahum 2:11, Nahum 2:12): Where is the dwelling of the lions? It is gone; there appear no remnants, no footsteps, of it. Where is the feeding place of the young lions, where they glutted themselves with prey? The princes of Nineveh had been as lions, as beasts of prey; cruel tyrants are no better, nay, in this respect much worse — that, being men, humanity is expected from them; nay, if they were indeed lions, they would not prey upon those of their own kind. Savis inter se convenit ursaeFierce bears agree together. But in the shape of men they had the cruelty of lions: they walked in Nineveh as a lion in the woods, and none made them afraid; every one stood in awe of them, and they were under no apprehensions of danger from any; though nobody loved them, every body feared them, and that was all they desired. Oderint, dum metuantLet them hate, so that they do but fear. The king himself, as well as every prince, made it his business, by all the arts of violence and extortion, to enrich himself and raise his family; he did tear in pieces enough for his whelps (and no little would be enough for them) and he strangled for his lioness, killed all that came near him, and seized what they had for his children, for his wives and concubines, and filled his holes with prey and his dens with ravin, as lions are wont to do. Note, Many make it an excuse for their rapine and injustice that they have wives and children to provide for, whereas what is so got will never do them any good; those that fear the Lord, and get what they have honestly, shall not want a competency for themselves and theirs; verily they shall be fed, when the young lions, though dens and holes were filled with prey and ravin for them, shall lack, and suffer hunger, Psalms 34:10. 2. It is avowed by the righteous Judge of heaven and earth; it is his doing, and let all the world take notice that it is so (Nahum 2:13): Behold, I am against thee, saith the Lord of hosts. And what good can hosts do for her in her defence, when the Lord of hosts is against her for her destruction? The oppressors in Nineveh thought they only set their neighbours against them, who were not a match for them, and whom they could easily overpower; but it proved they set God against them, who is, and will be, the asserter of right and the avenger of wrong. God is against the princes of Nineveh, and then, (1.) These military preparations will stand them in no stead: I will burn their chariots in the smoke; he does not say in the fire, but, in contempt of them, the very smoke of God's indignation shall serve to burn their chariots; they shall be consumed as soon as the fire of his indignation is kindled, while as yet it does but smoke, and not flame out. Or, The drivers of the chariots shall be smothered and stifled with the smoke; then the chariots of their glory shall be the shame of their families, Isaiah 22:18. (2.) Their children, the hopes of their families, shall be cut off: The sword shall devour the young lions, whom they were so solicitous to provide for by oppression and extortion. Note, It is just with God to deprive those of their children, or (which is all one) of comfort in them, that take sinful courses to enrich them, and (as has been said of some) damn their souls to make their sons gentlemen. (3.) The wealth they have heaped up by fraud and violence shall neither be enjoyed by them nor employed for them: I will cut off thy prey from the earth; not only thou shalt not be the better for it, but no one else shall. Some understand it of the disabling of them for the future to prey upon their neighbours. (4.) Their agents abroad shall not have that respect from their neighbours and that influence upon them which sometimes they had had: The voice of thy messengers shall no more be heard, no more be heeded, which some think refers to Rabshakeh, one of Nineveh's messengers, that had blasphemed the living God, an iniquity which was remembered against Nineveh long after. Those are not worthy to be heard again that have once spoken reproachfully of God.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Nahum 2:11

Of the lions — Tyrants and bloody warriors.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Nahum 2:11

Where [is] the (l) dwelling of the lions, and the feedingplace of the young lions, where the lion, [even] the old lion, walked, [and] the lion's whelp, and none made [them] afraid?

(l) Meaning, Nineveh, whose inhabitants were cruel like the lions, and given to all oppression, and spared no violence or tyranny to provide for their wives and children.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the dwelling:

Nahum 3:1 Woe to the bloody city! it [is] all full of lies [and] robbery; the prey departeth not;
Job 4:10-11 The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the fierce lion, and the teeth of the young lions, are broken. ... The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad.
Isaiah 5:29 Their roaring [shall be] like a lion, they shall roar like young lions: yea, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey, and shall carry [it] away safe, and none shall deliver [it].
Jeremiah 2:15 The young lions roared upon him, [and] yelled, and they made his land waste: his cities are burned without inhabitant.
Jeremiah 4:7 The lion is come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the Gentiles is on his way; he is gone forth from his place to make thy land desolate; [and] thy cities shall be laid waste, without an inhabitant.
Jeremiah 50:17 Israel [is] a scattered sheep; the lions have driven [him] away: first the king of Assyria hath devoured him; and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones.
Jeremiah 50:44 Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan unto the habitation of the strong: but I will make them suddenly run away from her: and who [is] a chosen [man, that] I may appoint over her? for who [is] like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who [is] that shepherd that will stand before me?
Ezekiel 19:2-8 And say, What [is] thy mother? A lioness: she lay down among lions, she nourished her whelps among young lions. ... Then the nations set against him on every side from the provinces, and spread their net over him: he was taken in their pit.
Zephaniah 3:3 Her princes within her [are] roaring lions; her judges [are] evening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow.


Genesis 49:9 Judah [is] a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up?
Isaiah 31:4 For thus hath the LORD spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him, [he] will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them: so shall the LORD of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof.
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Gn 49:9. Jb 4:10. Is 5:29; 31:4. Jr 2:15; 4:7; 50:17, 44. Ezk 19:2. Na 3:1. Zp 3:3.

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