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Micah 7:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Trust ye not in a neighbor; put ye not confidence in a friend; keep the doors of thy mouth from her that lieth in thy bosom.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Trust ye not in a friend, put ye not confidence in a guide: keep the doors of thy mouth from her that lieth in thy bosom.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not trust in a neighbor; Do not have confidence in a friend. From her who lies in your bosom Guard your lips.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Trust ye not in a friend, put ye not confidence in a guide: keep the doors of thy mouth from her that lieth in thy bosom.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Believe ye not in a companion, put not confidence in a familiar friend: keep the doors of thy mouth from her that lieth in thy bosom.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Do not trust in a friend, do not put confidence in an associate,—from her that lieth in thy bosom, keep thou the doors of thy mouth;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Believe not in a friend, trust not in a leader, From her who is lying in thy bosom keep the openings of thy mouth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Believe not a friend, and trust not in a prince: keep the doors of thy mouth from her that sleepeth in thy bosom.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Trust yee not in a friend, put ye not confidence in a guide: keepe the doores of thy mouth from her that lyeth in thy bosome.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Trust not in friends, and confide not in guides: beware of thy wife, so as not to commit anything to her.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Trust ye not in a friend, put ye not confidence in a guide: keep the doors of thy mouth from her that lieth in thy bosom.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Trust 539
{0539} Prime
אָמַן
'aman
{aw-man'}
A primitive root; properly to build up or support; to foster as a parent or nurse; figuratively to render (or be) firm or faithful, to trust or believe, to be permanent or quiet; morally to be true or certain; once (in Isaiah 30:21; by interchange for H0541) to go to the right hand.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
ye not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
in a friend, 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
put ye not confidence 982
{0982} Prime
בָּטַח
batach
{baw-takh'}
A primitive root; properly to hie for refuge (but not so precipitately as H2620); figuratively to trust, be confident or sure.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
in a guide: 441
{0441} Prime
אַלּוּף
'alluwph
{al-loof'}
From H0502; familiar; a friend, also gentle; hence a bullock (as being tame; applied, although masculine, to a cow); and so a chieftain (as notable like neat cattle).
keep 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the doors 6607
{6607} Prime
פֶּתַח
pethach
{peh'-thakh}
From H6605; an opening (literally), that is, door (gate) or entrance way.
of thy mouth 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
from her that lieth 7901
{7901} Prime
שָׁכַב
shakab
{shaw-kab'}
A primitive root; to lie down (for rest, sexual connection, decease or any other purpose).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
in thy bosom. 2436
{2436} Prime
חֵיק
cheyq
{khake}
From an unused root, apparently meaning to inclose; the bosom (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Micah 7:5

_ _ Trust ye not in a friend — Faith is kept nowhere: all to a man are treacherous (Jeremiah 9:2-6). When justice is perverted by the great, faith nowhere is safe. So, in gospel times of persecution, “a man’s foes are they of his own household” (Matthew 10:35, Matthew 10:36; Luke 12:53).

_ _ guide — a counselor [Calvin] able to help and advise (compare Psalms 118:8, Psalms 118:9; Psalms 146:3). The head of your family, to whom all the members of the family would naturally repair in emergencies. Similarly the Hebrew is translated in Joshua 22:14 and “chief friends” in Proverbs 16:28 [Grotius].

_ _ her that lieth in thy bosom — thy wife (Deuteronomy 13:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Micah 7:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye not in:

Job 6:14-15 To him that is afflicted pity [should be shewed] from his friend; but he forsaketh the fear of the Almighty. ... My brethren have dealt deceitfully as a brook, [and] as the stream of brooks they pass away;
Psalms 118:8-9 [It is] better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man. ... [It is] better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in princes.
Jeremiah 9:4 Take ye heed every one of his neighbour, and trust ye not in any brother: for every brother will utterly supplant, and every neighbour will walk with slanders.
Matthew 10:16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.

keep:

Judges 16:5-20 And the lords of the Philistines came up unto her, and said unto her, Entice him, and see wherein his great strength [lieth], and by what [means] we may prevail against him, that we may bind him to afflict him: and we will give thee every one of us eleven hundred [pieces] of silver. ... And she said, The Philistines [be] upon thee, Samson. And he awoke out of his sleep, and said, I will go out as at other times before, and shake myself. And he wist not that the LORD was departed from him.
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Jg 16:5. Jb 6:14. Ps 118:8. Jr 9:4. Mt 10:16.

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