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Micah 7:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Their hands are upon that which is evil to do it diligently; the prince asketh, and the judge [is ready] for a reward; and the great man, he uttereth the evil desire of his soul: thus they weave it together.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge [asketh] for a reward; and the great [man], he uttereth his mischievous desire: so they wrap it up.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Concerning evil, both hands do it well. The prince asks, also the judge, for a bribe, And a great man speaks the desire of his soul; So they weave it together.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge [asketh] for a reward; and the great [man], he uttereth his mischievous desire: so they wrap it up.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Both hands are for evil, to do it well. The prince asketh, and the judge [is there] for a reward; and the great [man] uttereth his soul's greed: and [together] they combine it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Of wickedness with both hands to make sure, the ruler, doth make demand—and the judge—for a recompense,—and, as for the great man, he, is putting into words the desire of his soul, So have they woven the net!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— On the evil [are] both hands to do [it] well, The prince is asking—also the judge—for recompence, And the great—he is speaking the mischief of his soul, And they wrap it up.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The evil of their hands they call good: the prince requireth, and the judge is for giving: and the great man hath uttered the desire of his soul, and they have troubled it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That they may doe euill with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the iudge [asketh] for a reward: and the great man, he vttereth his mischieuous desire: so they wrap it vp.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— they prepare their hands for mischief, the prince asks [a reward], and the judge speaks flattering words; it is the desire of their soul:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge [asketh] for a reward; and the great [man], he uttereth his mischievous desire: so they wrap it up.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That they may do evil 7451
{7451} Prime
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
with both hands 3709
{3709} Prime
From H3721; the hollow hand or palm (so of the paw of an animal, of the sole, and even of the bowl of a dish or sling, the handle of a bolt, the leaves of a palm tree); figuratively power.
earnestly, 3190
{3190} Prime
A primitive root; to be (causatively) make well, literally (sound, beautiful) or figuratively (happy, successful, right).
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
the prince 8269
{8269} Prime
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
asketh, 7592
{7592} Prime
A primitive root; to inquire; by implication to request; by extension to demand.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and the judge 8199
{8199} Prime
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[asketh] for a reward; 7966
{7966} Prime
From H7999; a requital, that is, (secure) retribution, (venal) a fee.
and the great 1419
{1419} Prime
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
[man], he x1931
(1931) Complement
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
uttereth 1696
{1696} Prime
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
his mischievous 1942
{1942} Prime
From H1933 (in the sense of eagerly coveting and rushing upon; by implication of falling); desire; also ruin.
desire: 5315
{5315} Prime
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
so they wrap it up. 5686
{5686} Prime
A primitive root; to interlace, that is, (figuratively) to pervert.
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Micah 7:3

_ _ That they may do evil with both hands earnestly — literally, “Their hands are for evil that they may do it well” (that is, cleverly and successfully).

_ _ the great man, he — emphatic repetition. As for the great man, he no sooner has expressed his bad desire (literally, the “mischief” or “lust of his soul”), than the venal judges are ready to wrest the decision of the case according to his wish.

_ _ so they wrap it up — The Hebrew is used of intertwining cords together. The “threefold cord is not quickly broken” (Ecclesiastes 4:12); here the “prince,” the “judge,” and the “great man” are the three in guilty complicity. “They wrap it up,” namely, they conspire to carry out the great man’s desire at the sacrifice of justice.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Micah 7:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Micah 7:3

Both hands — With all diligence. The great man — The great man at court, who can do what he will there. Uttereth — Is bold to speak plainly. Desire — His unjust, oppressive design. They — They all jointly promote violence and cruelty.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Micah 7:3

That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge [asketh] for a reward; and the (c) great [man], he uttereth his mischievous desire: so (d) they wrap it up.

(c) That is, the rich man that is able to give money, abstains from no wickedness or injury.

(d) These men agree among themselves, and conspire with one another to do evil.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 4:16-17 For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause [some] to fall. ... For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.
Jeremiah 3:5 Will he reserve [his anger] for ever? will he keep [it] to the end? Behold, thou hast spoken and done evil things as thou couldest.
Ezekiel 22:6 Behold, the princes of Israel, every one were in thee to their power to shed blood.

the prince:

Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the LORD, and say, [Is] not the LORD among us? none evil can come upon us.
Isaiah 1:23 Thy princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
Jeremiah 8:10 Therefore will I give their wives unto others, [and] their fields to them that shall inherit [them]: for every one from the least even unto the greatest is given to covetousness, from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely.
Ezekiel 22:27 Her princes in the midst thereof [are] like wolves ravening the prey, to shed blood, [and] to destroy souls, to get dishonest gain.
Hosea 4:18 Their drink is sour: they have committed whoredom continually: her rulers [with] shame do love, Give ye.
Amos 5:12 For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate [from their right].
Matthew 26:15 And said [unto them], What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.

the great:

1 Kings 21:9-14 And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people: ... Then they sent to Jezebel, saying, Naboth is stoned, and is dead.

his mischievous desire:
Heb. the mischief of his soul


Isaiah 26:21 For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.
Luke 12:1-2 In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. ... For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known.
1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 21:9. Pv 4:16. Is 1:23; 26:21. Jr 3:5; 8:10. Ezk 22:6, 27. Ho 4:18. Am 5:12. Mi 3:11. Mt 26:15. Lk 12:1. 1Co 4:5.

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