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Micah 7:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The nations shall see and be ashamed of all their might; they shall lay their hand upon their mouth; their ears shall be deaf.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might: they shall lay [their] hand upon [their] mouth, their ears shall be deaf.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Nations will see and be ashamed Of all their might. They will put [their] hand on [their] mouth, Their ears will be deaf.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might: they shall lay [their] hand upon [their] mouth, their ears shall be deaf.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— —The nations shall see, and be ashamed for all their might: they shall lay [their] hand upon [their] mouth, their ears shall be deaf.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Nations, shall see, that they may turn pale at all their valour,—they shall lay hand on mouth, their ears, shall be silent:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— See do nations, and they are ashamed of all their might, They lay a hand on the mouth, their ears are deaf.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The nations shall see, and shall be confounded at all their strength: they shall put the hand upon the mouth, their ears shall be deaf.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The nations shall see, and be confounded at all their might: they shall lay their hand vpon [their] mouth: their eares shall be deafe.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The nations shall see and be ashamed; and at all their might they shall lay their hands upon their mouth, their ears shall be deafened.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might: they shall lay [their] hand upon [their] mouth, their ears shall be deaf.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The nations 1471
{1471} Prime
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
shall see 7200
{7200} Prime
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and be confounded 954
{0954} Prime
A primitive root; properly to pale, that is, by implication to be ashamed; also (by implication) to be disappointed, or delayed.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
at all x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
their might: 1369
{1369} Prime
Feminine passive participle from the same as H1368; force (literally or figuratively); by implication valor, victory.
they shall lay 7760
{7760} Prime
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[their] hand 3027
{3027} Prime
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
[their] mouth, 6310
{6310} Prime
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
their ears 241
{0241} Prime
From H0238; broadness, that is, (concretely) the ear (from its form in man).
shall be deaf. 2790
{2790} Prime
A primitive root; to scratch, that is, (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Micah 7:16

_ _ shall see — the “marvelous things” (Micah 7:15; Isaiah 26:11).

_ _ confounded at all their might — having so suddenly proved unavailing: that might wherewith they had thought that there is nothing which they could not effect against God’s people.

_ _ lay ... hand upon ... mouth — the gesture of silence (Job 21:5; Job 40:4; Psalms 107:42; Isaiah 52:15). They shall be struck dumb at Israel’s marvelous deliverance, and no longer boast that God’s people is destroyed.

_ _ ears ... deaf — They shall stand astounded so as not to hear what shall be said [Grotius]. Once they had eagerly drunk in all rumors as so many messages of victories; but then they shall be afraid of hearing them, because they continually fear new disasters, when they see the God of Israel to be so powerful [Calvin]. They shall close their ears so as not to be compelled to hear of Israel’s successes.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Micah 7:14-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Micah 7:16

Shall be deaf — They shall neither care to hear, nor to speak of it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Micah 7:16

The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might: they shall (p) lay [their] hand upon [their] mouth, (q) their ears shall be deaf.

(p) They will be as dumb men, and dare brag no more.

(q) They will be astonished and afraid to hear men speak, lest they should hear of their destruction.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Micah 5:8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest, as a young lion among the flocks of sheep: who, if he go through, both treadeth down, and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver.
Psalms 126:2 Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing: then said they among the heathen, The LORD hath done great things for them.
Isaiah 26:11 LORD, [when] thy hand is lifted up, they will not see: [but] they shall see, and be ashamed for [their] envy at the people; yea, the fire of thine enemies shall devour them.
Isaiah 66:18 For I [know] their works and their thoughts: it shall come, that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come, and see my glory.
Ezekiel 38:23 Thus will I magnify myself, and sanctify myself; and I will be known in the eyes of many nations, and they shall know that I [am] the LORD.
Ezekiel 39:17-21 And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, [even] a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood. ... And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them.
Zechariah 8:20-23 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; [It shall] yet [come to pass], that there shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities: ... Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days [it shall come to pass], that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard [that] God [is] with you.
Zechariah 12:9 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem.
Revelation 11:18 And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.


Job 21:5 Mark me, and be astonished, and lay [your] hand upon [your] mouth.
Job 29:9-10 The princes refrained talking, and laid [their] hand on their mouth. ... The nobles held their peace, and their tongue cleaved to the roof of their mouth.
Job 40:4 Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer thee? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth.
Isaiah 52:15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for [that] which had not been told them shall they see; and [that] which they had not heard shall they consider.
Romans 3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 21:5; 29:9; 40:4. Ps 126:2. Is 26:11; 52:15; 66:18. Ezk 38:23; 39:17. Mi 5:8. Zc 8:20; 12:9. Ro 3:19. Rv 11:18.

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