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Micah 5:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And this [man] shall be [our] peace. When the Assyrian shall come into our land, and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And this [man] shall be the peace, when the Assyrian shall come into our land: and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— This One will be [our] peace. When the Assyrian invades our land, When he tramples on our citadels, Then we will raise against him Seven shepherds and eight leaders of men.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And this [man] will be the peace, when the Assyrian shall come into our land: and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And this [man] shall be Peace. When the Assyrian shall come into our land, and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight princes of men.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So shall this one be Prosperity. As for Assyria—when he shall enter our land, and when he shall tread down in our palaces, then will we raise up against him, seven shepherds, and eight princes of mankind.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And this [one] hath been peace, Asshur! when he doth come into our land, And when he doth tread in our palaces, We have raised against him seven shepherds, And eight anointed of man.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And this man shall be our peace, when the Assyrian shall come into our land, and when he shall set his foot in our houses: and we shall raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And this [man] shall bee the peace when the Assyrian shall come into our land: and when hee shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seuen Shepheards, and eight principall men.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And she shall have peace when Asshur{gr.Assur} shall come into your land, and when he shall come up upon your country; and there shall be raised up against him seven shepherds, and eight attacks of men.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And this [man] shall be the peace, when the Ashshur shall come into our land: and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
[man] shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
the peace, 7965
{7965} Prime
שָׁלוֹם
shalowm
{shaw-lome'}
From H7999; safe, that is, (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, that is, health, prosperity, peace.
when x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the Ar אַשּׁוּר 804
{0804} Prime
אַשּׁוּר
'Ashshuwr
{ash-shoor'}
Apparently from H0833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire.
shall come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
into our land: 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and when x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he shall tread 1869
{1869} Prime
דָּרַךְ
darak
{daw-rak'}
A primitive root; to tread; by implication to walk; also to string a bow (by treading on it in bending).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in our palaces, 759
{0759} Prime
אַרְמוֹן
'armown
{ar-mone'}
From an unused root (meaning to be elevated); a citadel (from its height).
then shall we raise 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him seven 7651
{7651} Prime
שֶׁבַע
sheba`
{sheh'-bah}
From H7650; a primitive cardinal number; seven (as the sacred full one); also (adverbially) seven times; by implication a week; by extension an indefinite number.
shepherds, 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and eight 8083
{8083} Prime
שְׁמֹנֶה
sh@moneh
{shem-o-neh'}
Apparently from H8082 through the idea of plumpness; a cardinal number, eight (as if a surplus above the 'perfect' seven); also (as ordinal) eighth.
principal 5257
{5257} Prime
נָסִיךְ
n@ciyk
{nes-eek'}
From H5258; properly something poured out, that is, a libation; also a molten image; by implication a prince (as anointed).
men. 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Micah 5:5

_ _ this man — in Hebrew simply “This.” The One just mentioned; He and He alone. Emphatical for Messiah (compare Genesis 5:29).

_ _ the peace — the fountainhead of peace between God and man, between Israel and Israel’s justly offended God (Genesis 49:10; Isaiah 9:6; Ephesians 2:14, Ephesians 2:17; Colossians 1:20), and, as the consequence, the fountain of “peace on earth,” where heretofore all is strife (Micah 4:3; Hosea 2:18; Zechariah 9:10; Luke 2:14).

_ _ the Assyrian — Being Israel’s most powerful foe at that time, Assyria is made the representative of all the foes of Israel in all ages, who shall receive their final destruction at Messiah’s appearing (Ezekiel 38:1-23).

_ _ seven shepherds, and eight — “Seven” expresses perfection; “seven and eight” is an idiom for a full and sufficient number (Job 5:19; Proverbs 6:16; Ecclesiastes 11:2).

_ _ principal men — literally, “anointed (humble) men” (Psalms 62:9), such as the apostles were. Their anointing, or consecration and qualification to office, was by the Holy Spirit [Calvin] (1 John 2:20, 1 John 2:27). “Princes” also were anointed, and they are mentioned as under Messiah (Isaiah 32:1). English Version therefore gives the probable sense.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Micah 5:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Micah 5:5

This man — The Messiah. The peace — Which is promised to the people of God; all their deliverances are not only for his sake, but effected by his power. Shall tread in our palaces — Which Sennacherib did in all the cities of Judah, except Jerusalem. We — Hezekiah, and with him the prophets and people, shall prevail with God to send deliverance. Seven shepherds — A certain number put for an uncertain.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Micah 5:5

And this [man] (f) shall be the peace, when the Assyrian shall come into our land: and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.

(f) This Messiah will be a sufficient safeguard for us, and though the enemy invades us for a time, yet will God stir up many who will be able to deliver us.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
this:

Psalms 72:7 In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.
Isaiah 9:6-7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. ... Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Zechariah 9:10 And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion [shall be] from sea [even] to sea, and from the river [even] to the ends of the earth.
Luke 2:14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.
John 14:27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.
John 16:33 These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.
Ephesians 2:14-17 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition [between us]; ... And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
Colossians 1:20-21 And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, [I say], whether [they be] things in earth, or things in heaven. ... And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in [your] mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled

when the:

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Isaiah 8:7-10 Now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, [even] the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks: ... Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God [is] with us.
Isaiah 37:31-36 And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall again take root downward, and bear fruit upward: ... Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses.
Isaiah 65:8 Thus saith the LORD, As the new wine is found in the cluster, and [one] saith, Destroy it not; for a blessing [is] in it: so will I do for my servants' sakes, that I may not destroy them all.
Jeremiah 33:15 In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land.

then:

Isaiah 44:28 That saith of Cyrus, [He is] my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.
Isaiah 59:19 So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him.
Zechariah 1:18-21 Then lifted I up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns. ... Then said I, What come these to do? And he spake, saying, These [are] the horns which have scattered Judah, so that no man did lift up his head: but these are come to fray them, to cast out the horns of the Gentiles, which lifted up [their] horn over the land of Judah to scatter it.
Zechariah 9:13 When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man.
Zechariah 10:3 Mine anger was kindled against the shepherds, and I punished the goats: for the LORD of hosts hath visited his flock the house of Judah, and hath made them as his goodly horse in the battle.
Zechariah 12:6 In that day will I make the governors of Judah like an hearth of fire among the wood, and like a torch of fire in a sheaf; and they shall devour all the people round about, on the right hand and on the left: and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place, [even] in Jerusalem.
Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him [are] called, and chosen, and faithful.
Revelation 19:14 And the armies [which were] in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.

seven:

Job 5:19 He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee.
Proverbs 6:16 These six [things] doth the LORD hate: yea, seven [are] an abomination unto him:
Proverbs 30:18 There be three [things which] are too wonderful for me, yea, four which I know not:
Proverbs 30:29 There be three [things] which go well, yea, four are comely in going:
Ecclesiastes 11:2 Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth.
Amos 1:3 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron:
Amos 1:6 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Gaza, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they carried away captive the whole captivity, to deliver [them] up to Edom:

principal men:
Heb. princes of men
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 5:19. Ps 72:7. Pv 6:16; 30:18, 29. Ec 11:2. Is 7:14; 8:7; 9:6; 37:31; 44:28; 59:19; 65:8. Jr 33:15. Am 1:3, 6. Zc 1:18; 9:10, 13; 10:3; 12:6. Lk 2:14. Jn 14:27; 16:33. Ep 2:14. Col 1:20. Rv 17:14; 19:14.

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