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Micah 2:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— In that day shall they take up a parable against you, and lament with a doleful lamentation, [and] say, We are utterly ruined: he changeth the portion of my people: how doth he remove [it] from me! to the rebellious he divideth our fields.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In that day shall [one] take up a parable against you, and lament with a doleful lamentation, [and] say, We be utterly spoiled: he hath changed the portion of my people: how hath he removed [it] from me! turning away he hath divided our fields.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “On that day they will take up against you a taunt And utter a bitter lamentation [and] say, ‘We are completely destroyed! He exchanges the portion of my people; How He removes it from me! To the apostate He apportions our fields.’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In that day shall [one] take up a parable against you, and lament with a grievous lamentation, [and] say, We are utterly wasted: he hath changed the portion of my people: how hath he removed [it] from me! turning away he hath divided our fields.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— In that day shall they take up a proverb concerning you, and lament with a doleful lamentation, [and] say, We are utterly spoiled: he hath changed the portion of my people: how hath he removed it from me! He hath distributed our fields to the rebellious.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In that day, shall one take up against you a by-word, and lament a lamentable lamentation, saying—we are made, utterly desolate, the portion of my people, he passeth to others,—How doth he set me aside! To an apostate, our fields, doth he apportion.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In that day doth [one] take up for you a simile, And he hath wailed a wailing of woe, He hath said, We have been utterly spoiled, The portion of my people He doth change, How doth He move toward me! To the backslider our fields He apportioneth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In that day a parable shall be taken up upon you, and a song shall be sung with melody by them that say: We are laid waste and spoiled: the portion of my people is changed: how shall he depart from me, whereas he is returning that will divide our land?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In that day shall one take vp a parable against you, and lament with a dolefull lamentation, [and] say, We be vtterly spoiled: hee hath changed the portion of my people: how hath he remoued it from me? turning away hee hath diuided our fields.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— In that day shall a parable be taken up against you, and a plaintive lamentation shall be uttered, saying, We are thoroughly miserable: the portion of my people has been measured out with a line, and there was none to hinder him so as to turn him back; your fields have been divided.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— In that day shall [one] take up a parable against you, and lament with a doleful lamentation, [and] say, We be utterly spoiled: he hath changed the portion of my people: how hath he removed [it] from me! turning away he hath divided our fields.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
shall [one] take up 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a parable 4912
{4912} Prime
מָשָׁל
mashal
{maw-shawl'}
Apparently from H4910 in some original sense of superiority in mental action; properly a pithy maxim, usually of a metaphorical nature; hence a simile (as an adage, poem, discourse).
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
you, and lament 5091
{5091} Prime
נָהָה
nahah
{naw-haw'}
A primitive root; to groan, that is, bewail; hence (through the idea of crying aloud) to assemble (as if on proclamation).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with a doleful 5093
{5093} Prime
נִהְיָה
nihyah
{nih-yaw'}
Feminine of H5092; lamentation.
lamentation, 5092
{5092} Prime
נְהִי
n@hiy
{neh-hee'}
From H5091; an elegy.
[and] say, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
We be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
utterly y7703
[7703] Standard
שָׁדַד
shadad
{shaw-dad'}
A primitive root; properly to be burly, that is, (figuratively) powerful (passively impregnable); by implication to ravage.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
spoiled: 7703
{7703} Prime
שָׁדַד
shadad
{shaw-dad'}
A primitive root; properly to be burly, that is, (figuratively) powerful (passively impregnable); by implication to ravage.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
he hath changed 4171
{4171} Prime
מוּר
muwr
{moor}
A primitive root; to alter; by implication to barter, to dispose of.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the portion 2506
{2506} Prime
חֵלֶק
cheleq
{khay'-lek}
From H2505; properly smoothness (of the tongue); also an allotment.
of my people: 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
how x349
(0349) Complement
אֵיךְ
'eyk
{ake}
Prolonged from H0335; how? or how!; also where.
hath he removed 4185
{4185} Prime
מוּשׁ
muwsh
{moosh}
A primitive root (perhaps rather the same as H4184 through the idea of receding by contact); to withdraw (both literally and figuratively, whether intransitively or transitively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
[it] from me! turning away y7725
[7725] Standard
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8788
<8788> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 7
x7728
(7728) Complement
שׁוֹבֵב
showbeb
{sho-babe'}
From H7725; apostate, that is, heathenish or (actually) heathen.
he hath divided 2505
{2505} Prime
חָלַק
chalaq
{khaw-lak'}
A primitive root; to be smooth (figuratively); by implication (as smooth stones were used for lots) to apportion or separate.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
our fields. 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Micah 2:4

_ _ one take up a parable against you — that is, Some of your foes shall do so, taking in derision from your own mouth your “lamentation,” namely, “We be spoiled,” etc.

_ _ lament with a doleful lamentation — literally, “lament with a lamentation of lamentations.” Hebrew, naha, nehi, nihyah, the repetition representing the continuous and monotonous wail.

_ _ he hath changed the portion of my people — a charge of injustice against Jehovah. He transfers to other nations the sacred territory assigned as the rightful portion of our people (Micah 1:15).

_ _ turning away he hath divided our fields — Turning away from us to the enemy, He hath divided among them our fields. Calvin, as the Margin, explains, “Instead of restoring our territory, He hath divided our fields among our enemies, each of whom henceforward will have an interest in keeping what he hath gotten: so that we are utterly shut out from hope of restoration.” Maurer translates as a noun, “He hath divided our fields to a rebel,” that is, to the foe who is a rebel against the true God, and a worshipper of idols. So “backsliding,” that is, backslider (Jeremiah 49:4). English Version gives a good sense; and is quite tenable in the Hebrew.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Micah 2:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Micah 2:4

A parable — A taunting proverb. And lament — Your friends for you, and you for yourselves. He — God. Portion — Their wealth, plenty, freedom, joy and honour, into poverty, famine, servitude, grief and dishonour. How — How dreadfully hath God dealt with Israel; removing their persons into captivity, and transferring their possession to their enemies? Turning away — Turning away from us in displeasure. God hath divided our fields among others.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Micah 2:4

In that day shall [one] take up a parable against you, and lament with a doleful lamentation, [and] say, (b) We be utterly spoiled: he hath changed the portion of my people: how hath he removed [it] from me! turning away he hath divided our fields.

(b) Thus the Jews lament and say that there is no hope of restitution, seeing their possessions are divided among the enemies.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall:

Numbers 23:7 And he took up his parable, and said, Balak the king of Moab hath brought me from Aram, out of the mountains of the east, [saying], Come, curse me Jacob, and come, defy Israel.
Numbers 23:18 And he took up his parable, and said, Rise up, Balak, and hear; hearken unto me, thou son of Zippor:
Numbers 24:3 And he took up his parable, and said, Balaam the son of Beor hath said, and the man whose eyes are open hath said:
Numbers 24:15 And he took up his parable, and said, Balaam the son of Beor hath said, and the man whose eyes are open hath said:
Job 27:1 Moreover Job continued his parable, and said,
Isaiah 14:4 That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!
Ezekiel 16:44 Behold, every one that useth proverbs shall use [this] proverb against thee, saying, As [is] the mother, [so is] her daughter.
Habakkuk 2:6 Shall not all these take up a parable against him, and a taunting proverb against him, and say, Woe to him that increaseth [that which is] not his! how long? and to him that ladeth himself with thick clay!
Mark 12:12 And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way.

and lament:

2 Samuel 1:17 And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son:
2 Chronicles 35:25 And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah: and all the singing men and the singing women spake of Josiah in their lamentations to this day, and made them an ordinance in Israel: and, behold, they [are] written in the lamentations.
Jeremiah 9:10 For the mountains will I take up a weeping and wailing, and for the habitations of the wilderness a lamentation, because they are burned up, so that none can pass through [them]; neither can [men] hear the voice of the cattle; both the fowl of the heavens and the beast are fled; they are gone.
Jeremiah 9:17-21 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Consider ye, and call for the mourning women, that they may come; and send for cunning [women], that they may come: ... For death is come up into our windows, [and] is entered into our palaces, to cut off the children from without, [and] the young men from the streets.
Jeremiah 14:18 If I go forth into the field, then behold the slain with the sword! and if I enter into the city, then behold them that are sick with famine! yea, both the prophet and the priest go about into a land that they know not.
Joel 1:8 Lament like a virgin girded with sackcloth for the husband of her youth.
Joel 1:13 Gird yourselves, and lament, ye priests: howl, ye ministers of the altar: come, lie all night in sackcloth, ye ministers of my God: for the meat offering and the drink offering is withholden from the house of your God.
Amos 5:1 Hear ye this word which I take up against you, [even] a lamentation, O house of Israel.
Amos 5:17 And in all vineyards [shall be] wailing: for I will pass through thee, saith the LORD.

a doleful lamentation:
Heb. a lamentation of lamentations,
Lamentations 1:1-5:22 How doth the city sit solitary, [that was] full of people! [how] is she become as a widow! she [that was] great among the nations, [and] princess among the provinces, [how] is she become tributary! ... But thou hast utterly rejected us; thou art very wroth against us.
Ezekiel 2:10 And he spread it before me; and it [was] written within and without: and [there was] written therein lamentations, and mourning, and woe.

We:

Deuteronomy 28:29 And thou shalt grope at noonday, as the blind gropeth in darkness, and thou shalt not prosper in thy ways: and thou shalt be only oppressed and spoiled evermore, and no man shall save [thee].
Isaiah 6:11 Then said I, Lord, how long? And he answered, Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate,
Isaiah 24:3 The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: for the LORD hath spoken this word.
Jeremiah 9:19 For a voice of wailing is heard out of Zion, How are we spoiled! we are greatly confounded, because we have forsaken the land, because our dwellings have cast [us] out.
Jeremiah 25:9-11 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations. ... And this whole land shall be a desolation, [and] an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.
Zephaniah 1:2 I will utterly consume all [things] from off the land, saith the LORD.

he:
etc

he hath changed:

Micah 2:10 Arise ye, and depart; for this [is] not [your] rest: because it is polluted, it shall destroy [you], even with a sore destruction.
Micah 1:15 Yet will I bring an heir unto thee, O inhabitant of Mareshah: he shall come unto Adullam the glory of Israel.
2 Kings 17:23-24 Until the LORD removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by all his servants the prophets. So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day. ... And the king of Assyria brought [men] from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed [them] in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof.
2 Chronicles 36:20-21 And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia: ... To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: [for] as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.
Isaiah 63:17-18 O LORD, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, [and] hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance. ... The people of thy holiness have possessed [it] but a little while: our adversaries have trodden down thy sanctuary.

turning away he:
or, instead of restoring
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 23:7, 18; 24:3, 15. Dt 28:29. 2S 1:17. 2K 17:23. 2Ch 35:25; 36:20. Jb 27:1. Is 6:11; 14:4; 24:3; 63:17. Jr 9:10, 17, 19; 14:18; 25:9. Lm 1:1. Ezk 2:10; 16:44. Jol 1:8, 13. Am 5:1, 17. Mi 1:15; 2:10. Hab 2:6. Zp 1:2. Mk 12:12.

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