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Micah 1:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Hear, ye peoples, all of you: hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord Jehovah be witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Hear, all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord GOD be witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Hear, O peoples, all of you; Listen, O earth and all it contains, And let the Lord GOD be a witness against you, The Lord from His holy temple.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Hear, all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord GOD be witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Hear, ye peoples, all of you; hearken, O earth, and all that is therein: and let the Lord Jehovah be witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hear ye peoples, all of you, Hearken, O earth and the fulness thereof,—and let My Lord Yahweh be among you for a witness, My Lord out of his holy temple.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hear, O peoples, all of them! Attend, O earth, and its fulness, And the Lord Jehovah is against you for a witness, The Lord from His holy temple.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Hear, all ye people: and let the earth give ear, and all that is therein: and let the Lord God be a witness to you, the Lord from his holy temple.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Heare all ye people, hearken O earth, and all that therein is, and let the Lord GOD be witnesse against you, the Lord from his holy temple.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Hear [these] words, ye people; and let the earth give heed, and all that are in it: and the Lord God shall be among you for a testimony, the Lord out of his holy habitation.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Hear, all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let Adonay Yahweh be witness against you, Yahweh from his holy temple.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Hear, 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
ye people; 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
hearken, 7181
{7181} Prime
קָשַׁב
qashab
{kaw-shab'}
A primitive root; to prick up the ears, that is, hearken.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
O earth, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and all that therein y4393
[4393] Standard
מְלֹא
m@lo'
{mel-o'}
From H4390; fulness (literally or figuratively).
is: x4393
(4393) Complement
מְלֹא
m@lo'
{mel-o'}
From H4390; fulness (literally or figuratively).
and let ny אֲדֹנָי 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3069
{3069} Prime
יֱהוִה
Y@hovih
{yeh-ho-vee'}
A variation of H3068 (used after H0136, and pronounced by Jews as H0430, in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound, since they elsewhere pronounce H3068 as H0136).
be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
witness 5707
{5707} Prime
עֵד
`ed
{ayd}
From H5749 contracted; concretely a witness; abstractly testimony; specifically a recorder, that is, prince.
against you, Yhw יָהוֶה 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
from his holy 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
temple. 1964
{1964} Prime
הֵיכָל
heykal
{hay-kawl'}
Probably from H3201 (in the sense of capacity); a large public building, such as a palace or temple.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Micah 1:2

_ _ all that therein isHebrew, “whatever fills it.” Micaiah, son of Imlah, our prophet’s namesake, begins his prophecy similarly, “Hearken, O people, every one of you.” Micah designedly uses the same preface, implying that his ministrations are a continuation of his predecessor’s of the same name. Both probably had before their mind Moses’ similar attestation of heaven and earth in a like case (Deuteronomy 31:28; Deuteronomy 32:1; compare Isaiah 1:2).

_ _ God be witness against you — namely, that none of you can say, when the time of your punishment shall come, that you were not forewarned. The punishment denounced is stated in Micah 1:3, etc.

_ _ from his holy temple — that is, heaven (1 Kings 8:30; Psalms 11:4; Jonah 2:7; compare Romans 1:18).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Micah 1:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Micah 1:2

O earth — This seems to be an appeal to the senseless creatures, or a summons to bring them in evidences for God against those kingdoms. Therein — Animate or inanimate creatures, all that are on the earth. Temple — Either from his temple at Jerusalem, or from heaven.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Micah 1:2

Hear, (b) all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord GOD be witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple.

(b) Because of the malice and obstinacy of the people, whom he had so often exhorted to repentance, he summons them to God's judgments, taking all creatures, and God himself as witness, that the preaching of the Prophets, which they have abused, will be avenged.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all ye people:
Heb. ye people all of them

hearken:

Micah 6:1-2 Hear ye now what the LORD saith; Arise, contend thou before the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice. ... Hear ye, O mountains, the LORD'S controversy, and ye strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD hath a controversy with his people, and he will plead with Israel.
Deuteronomy 32:1 Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth.
Psalms 49:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah.]] Hear this, all [ye] people; give ear, all [ye] inhabitants of the world: ... Both low and high, rich and poor, together.
Psalms 50:1 [[A Psalm of Asaph.]] The mighty God, [even] the LORD, hath spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun unto the going down thereof.
Isaiah 1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken, I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.
Jeremiah 22:29 O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the LORD.
Mark 7:14-16 And when he had called all the people [unto him], he said unto them, Hearken unto me every one [of you], and understand: ... If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.
Revelation 2:7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.
Revelation 2:11 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.
Revelation 2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth [it].
Revelation 2:29 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
Revelation 3:6 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
Revelation 3:13 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
Revelation 3:22 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.

all that therein is:
Heb. the fulness thereof,
Psalms 24:1 [[A Psalm of David.]] The earth [is] the LORD'S, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.
Psalms 50:12 If I were hungry, I would not tell thee: for the world [is] mine, and the fulness thereof.

let:

Psalms 50:7 Hear, O my people, and I will speak; O Israel, and I will testify against thee: I [am] God, [even] thy God.
Jeremiah 29:23 Because they have committed villany in Israel, and have committed adultery with their neighbours' wives, and have spoken lying words in my name, which I have not commanded them; even I know, and [am] a witness, saith the LORD.
Malachi 2:14 Yet ye say, Wherefore? Because the LORD hath been witness between thee and the wife of thy youth, against whom thou hast dealt treacherously: yet [is] she thy companion, and the wife of thy covenant.
Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in [his] wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger [from his right], and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.

the Lord from:

Psalms 11:4 The LORD [is] in his holy temple, the LORD'S throne [is] in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men.
Psalms 28:2 Hear the voice of my supplications, when I cry unto thee, when I lift up my hands toward thy holy oracle.
Jonah 2:7 When my soul fainted within me I remembered the LORD: and my prayer came in unto thee, into thine holy temple.
Habakkuk 2:20 But the LORD [is] in his holy temple: let all the earth keep silence before him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:1. Ps 11:4; 24:1; 28:2; 49:1; 50:1, 7, 12. Is 1:2. Jr 22:29; 29:23. Jna 2:7. Mi 6:1. Hab 2:20. Mal 2:14; 3:5. Mk 7:14. Rv 2:7, 11, 17, 29; 3:6, 13, 22.

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