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Matthew 9:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the flute-players, and the crowd making a tumult,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the minstrels and the people making a noise,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When Jesus came into the official’s house, and saw the flute-players and the crowd in noisy disorder,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the minstrels and the people making a noise,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when Jesus was come to the house of the ruler, and saw the flute-players and the crowd making a tumult,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, Jesus, coming, into the house of the ruler, and seeing the flute-players and the multitude in confusion, was saying:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jesus having come to the house of the ruler, and having seen the minstrels and the multitude making tumult,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when Jesus was come into the house of the ruler, and saw the minstrels and the multitude making a rout,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when Iesus came into the rulers house, and saw the minstrels and the people making a noise,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And Jeshu came to the ruler's house, and saw the minstrels and the crowds which were making a tumult.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And Jesus came to the house of the ruler: and he saw there pipers, and multitudes making outcry.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
came 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
ruler's 758
{0758} Prime
ἄρχων
archon
{ar'-khone}
Present participle of G0757; a first (in rank or power).
house, 3614
{3614} Prime
οἰκία
oikia
{oy-kee'-ah}
From G3624; properly residence (abstractly), but usually (concretely) an abode (literally or figuratively); by implication a family (especially domestics).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
saw 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
minstrels 834
{0834} Prime
αὐλητής
auletes
{ow-lay-tace'}
From G0832; a flute player.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
people 3793
{3793} Prime
ὄχλος
ochlos
{okh'-los}
From a derivative of G2192 (meaning a vehicle); a throng (as borne along); by implication the rabble; by extension a class of people; figuratively a riot.
making a noise, 2350
{2350} Prime
θορυβέω
thorubeo
{thor-oo-beh'-o}
From G2351; to be in tumult, that is, disturb, clamor.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 9:18-26.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 9:18-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 9:23

The minstrels — The musicians. The original word means flute players. Musical instruments were used by the Jews as well as the heathens, in their lamentations for the dead, to soothe the melancholy of surviving friends, by soft and solemn notes. And there were persons who made it their business to perform this, while others sung to their music. Flutes were used especially on the death of children; louder instruments on the death of grown persons.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 9:23

(5) And when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the (h) minstrels and the people making a noise,

(5) Even death itself gives place to the power of Christ.

(h) It appears that they used minstrels at their mournings.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
into:

Matthew 9:18-19 While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain ruler, and worshipped him, saying, My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live. ... And Jesus arose, and followed him, and [so did] his disciples.
Mark 5:35-38 While he yet spake, there came from the ruler of the synagogue's [house certain] which said, Thy daughter is dead: why troublest thou the Master any further? ... And he cometh to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and seeth the tumult, and them that wept and wailed greatly.
Luke 8:49-51 While he yet spake, there cometh one from the ruler of the synagogue's [house], saying to him, Thy daughter is dead; trouble not the Master. ... And when he came into the house, he suffered no man to go in, save Peter, and James, and John, and the father and the mother of the maiden.

the minstrels:

Matthew 11:17 And saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned unto you, and ye have not lamented.
2 Chronicles 35:25 And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah: and all the singing men and the singing women spake of Josiah in their lamentations to this day, and made them an ordinance in Israel: and, behold, they [are] written in the lamentations.
Jeremiah 9:17-20 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Consider ye, and call for the mourning women, that they may come; and send for cunning [women], that they may come: ... Yet hear the word of the LORD, O ye women, and let your ear receive the word of his mouth, and teach your daughters wailing, and every one her neighbour lamentation.
Mark 5:38-40 And he cometh to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and seeth the tumult, and them that wept and wailed greatly. ... And they laughed him to scorn. But when he had put them all out, he taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying.
Luke 7:32 They are like unto children sitting in the marketplace, and calling one to another, and saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned to you, and ye have not wept.
Acts 9:39 Then Peter arose and went with them. When he was come, they brought him into the upper chamber: and all the widows stood by him weeping, and shewing the coats and garments which Dorcas made, while she was with them.
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2Ch 35:25. Jr 9:17. Mt 9:18; 11:17. Mk 5:35, 38. Lk 7:32; 8:49. Ac 9:39.

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