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Matthew 9:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Teacher with the publicans and sinners?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the Pharisees saw [it], they said unto his disciples, Why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When the Pharisees saw [this], they said to His disciples, “Why is your Teacher eating with the tax collectors and sinners?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the Pharisees saw [it], they said to his disciples, Why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Pharisees seeing [it], said to his disciples, Why does your teacher eat with tax-gatherers and sinners?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the Pharisees, observing it, began to say unto his disciples,—Wherefore, with tax-collectors and sinners, doth your Teacher eat?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the Pharisees having seen, said to his disciples, 'Wherefore with the tax-gatherers and sinners doth your teacher eat?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Pharisees seeing it, said to his disciples: Why doth your master eat with publicans and sinners?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the Pharisees saw [it], they said vnto his disciples, Why eateth your master with publicanes & sinners.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And when the Pharishee saw (it), they say to his disciples, Why doth your master eat with tribute-takers and sinners?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when the Pharisees saw [it] they said to his disciples, Why doth your Rabbi eat with publicans and sinners?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Pharisees 5330
{5330} Prime
Φαρισαῖος
Pharisaios
{far-is-ah'-yos}
Of Hebrew origin (compare [H6567]); a separatist, that is, exclusively religious; a Pharisaean, that is, Jewish sectary.
saw 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
[it], they said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
disciples, 3101
{3101} Prime
μαθητής
mathetes
{math-ay-tes'}
From G3129; a learner, that is, pupil.
Why 1302
{1302} Prime
διατί
diati
{dee-at-ee'}
From G1223 and G5101; through what cause?, that is, why?.
eateth 2068
{2068} Prime
ἐσθίω
esthio
{es-thee'-o}
Strengthened for a primary word ἔδω [[edo]] (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literally).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
Master 1320
{1320} Prime
διδάσκαλος
didaskalos
{did-as'-kal-os}
From G1321; an instructor (generally or specifically).
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
publicans 5057
{5057} Prime
τελώνης
telones
{tel-o'-nace}
From G5056 and G5608; a tax farmer, that is, collector of public revenue.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
sinners? 268
{0268} Prime
ἁμαρτωλός
hamartolos
{ham-ar-to-los'}
From G0264; sinful, that is, a sinner.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 9:11

_ _ And when the Pharisees — “and scribes,” add Mark and Luke (Mark 2:6; Luke 5:21).

_ _ saw it, they said — “murmured” or “muttered,” says Luke (Luke 5:30).

_ _ unto his disciples — not venturing to put their question to Jesus Himself.

_ _ Why eateth your Master with publicans and sinners? — (See on Luke 15:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 9:9-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 9:11

The Pharisees said to his disciples, Why eateth your Master? — Thus they commonly ask our Lord, Why do thy disciples this? And his disciples, Why doth your Master?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they said:

Mark 2:16 And when the scribes and Pharisees saw him eat with publicans and sinners, they said unto his disciples, How is it that he eateth and drinketh with publicans and sinners?
Mark 9:14-16 And when he came to [his] disciples, he saw a great multitude about them, and the scribes questioning with them. ... And he asked the scribes, What question ye with them?

Why:

Matthew 11:19 The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified of her children.
Isaiah 65:5 Which say, Stand by thyself, come not near to me; for I am holier than thou. These [are] a smoke in my nose, a fire that burneth all the day.
Luke 5:30 But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners?
Luke 15:1-2 Then drew near unto him all the publicans and sinners for to hear him. ... And the Pharisees and scribes murmured, saying, This man receiveth sinners, and eateth with them.
Luke 19:7 And when they saw [it], they all murmured, saying, That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner.
1 Corinthians 5:9-11 I wrote unto you in an epistle not to company with fornicators: ... But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolater, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such an one no not to eat.
Galatians 2:15 We [who are] Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,
Hebrews 5:2 Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.
2 John 1:10 If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into [your] house, neither bid him God speed:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 65:5. Mt 11:19. Mk 2:16; 9:14. Lk 5:30; 15:1; 19:7. 1Co 5:9. Ga 2:15. He 5:2. 2Jn 1:10.

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