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Matthew 8:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And another of the disciples said unto him, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And another of his disciples said unto him, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Another of the disciples said to Him, “Lord, permit me first to go and bury my father.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And another of his disciples said to him, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But another of his disciples said to him, Lord, suffer me first to go away and bury my father.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, another of the disciples, saith unto him,—Lord! suffer me, first, to depart, and bury my father.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And another of his disciples said to him, 'Sir, permit me first to depart and to bury my father;'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And another of his disciples said to him: Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And another of his Disciples said vnto him, Lord, suffer me first to goe, and bury my father.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And another from his disciples said to him, My Lord, permit me first to go and bury my father.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And another of his disciples said to him: My Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
another 2087
{2087} Prime
ἕτερος
heteros
{het'-er-os}
Of uncertain affinity; (an-, the) other or different.
of his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
disciples 3101
{3101} Prime
μαθητής
mathetes
{math-ay-tes'}
From G3129; a learner, that is, pupil.
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Lord, 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
suffer 2010
{2010} Prime
ἐπιτρέπω
epitrepo
{ep-ee-trep'-o}
From G1909 and the base of G5157; to turn over (transfer), that is, allow.
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
me 3427
{3427} Prime
μοί
moi
{moy}
The simpler form of G1698; to me.
first 4412
{4412} Prime
πρῶτον
proton
{pro'-ton}
Neuter of G4413 as an adverb (with or without G3588); firstly (in time, place, order, or importance).
to go 565
{0565} Prime
ἀπέρχομαι
aperchomai
{ap-erkh'-om-ahee}
From G0575 and G2064; to go off (that is, depart), aside (that is, apart) or behind (that is, follow), literally or figuratively.
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
bury 2290
{2290} Prime
θάπτω
thapto
{thap'-to}
A primary verb; to celebrate funeral rites, that is, inter.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
father. 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 8:18-22.


Matthew 8:21-22

_ _ II. The procrastinating or entangled disciple.

_ _ As this is more fully given in Luke (Luke 9:59), we must take both together. “And He said unto another of His disciples, Follow Me. But he said,”

_ _ Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father. But Jesus said unto him, Follow me; and let the dead bury their dead — or, as more definitely in Luke, “Let the dead bury their dead: but go thou and preach the kingdom of God” (Luke 9:60). This disciple did not, like the former, volunteer his services, but is called by the Lord Jesus, not only to follow, but to preach Him. And he is quite willing; only he is not ready just yet. “Lord, I will; but” — “There is a difficulty in the way just now; but that once removed, I am Thine.” What now is this difficulty? Was his father actually dead — lying a corpse — having only to be buried? Impossible. As it was the practice, as noticed on Luke 7:12, to bury on the day of death, it is not very likely that this disciple would have been here at all if his father had just breathed his last; nor would the Lord, if He was there, have hindered him discharging the last duties of a son to a father. No doubt it was the common case of a son having a frail or aged father, not likely to live long, whose head he thinks it his duty to see under the ground ere he goes abroad. “This aged father of mine will soon be removed; and if I might but delay till I see him decently interred, I should then be free to preach the kingdom of God wherever duty might call me.” This view of the case will explain the curt reply, “Let the dead bury their dead: but go thou and preach the kingdom of God.” Like all the other paradoxical sayings of our Lord, the key to it is the different senses — a higher and a lower — in which the same word “dead” is used: There are two kingdoms of God in existence upon earth; the kingdom of nature, and the kingdom of grace: To the one kingdom all the children of this world, even the most ungodly, are fully alive; to the other, only the children of light: The reigning irreligion consists not in indifference to the common humanities of social life, but to things spiritual and eternal: Fear not, therefore, that your father will in your absence be neglected, and that when he breathes his last there will not be relatives and friends ready enough to do to him the last offices of kindness. Your wish to discharge these yourself is natural, and to be allowed to do it a privilege not lightly to be foregone. But the kingdom of God lies now all neglected and needy: Its more exalted character few discern; to its paramount claims few are alive: and to “preach” it fewer still are qualified and called: But thou art: The Lord therefore hath need of thee: Leave, then, those claims of nature, high though they be, to those who are dead to the still higher claims of the kingdom of grace, which God is now erecting upon earth — Let the dead bury their dead; but go thou and preach the kingdom of God. And so have we here the genuine, but Procrastinating or Entangled Disciple.

_ _ The next case is recorded only by Luke:

_ _ III. The irresolute or wavering disciple (Luke 9:61, Luke 9:62).

_ _ Luke 9:61 :
_ _ And another also said, Lord, I will follow thee; but let me first go bid them farewell which are at home at my house.
_ _ Luke 9:62 :
_ _ And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God. But for the very different replies given, we should hardly have discerned the difference between this and the second case: the one man called, indeed, and the other volunteering, as did the first; but both seemingly alike willing, and only having a difficulty in their way just at that moment. But, by help of what is said respectively to each, we perceive the great difference between the two cases. From the warning given against “looking back,” it is evident that this man’s discipleship was not yet thorough, his separation from the world not entire. It is not a case of going back, but of looking back; and as there is here a manifest reference to the case of “Lot’s wife” (Genesis 19:26; and see on Luke 17:32), we see that it is not actual return to the world that we have here to deal with, but a reluctance to break with it. The figure of putting one’s hand to the plough and looking back is an exceedingly vivid one, and to an agricultural people most impressive. As ploughing requires an eye intent on the furrow to be made, and is marred the instant one turns about, so will they come short of salvation who prosecute the work of God with a distracted attention, a divided heart. The reference may be chiefly to ministers; but the application at least is general. As the image seems plainly to have been suggested by the case of Elijah and Elisha, a difficulty may be raised, requiring a moment’s attention. When Elijah cast his mantle about Elisha, which the youth quite understood to mean appointing him his successor, he was ploughing with twelve yoke of oxen, the last pair held by himself. Leaving his oxen, he ran after the prophet, and said, “Let me, I pray thee, kiss my father and my mother, and [then] I will follow thee.” Was this said in the same spirit with the same speech uttered by our disciple? Let us see. “And Elijah said unto him, Go back again: for what have I done to thee.” Commentators take this to mean that Elijah had really done nothing to hinder him from going on with all his ordinary duties. But to us it seems clear that Elijah’s intention was to try what manner of spirit the youth was of: — “Kiss thy father and mother? And why not? By all means, go home and stay with them; for what have I done to thee? I did but throw a mantle about thee; but what of that?” If this was his meaning, Elisha thoroughly apprehended and nobly met it. “He returned back from him, and took a yoke of oxen, and slew them, and boiled their flesh with the instruments of the oxen (the wood of his ploughing implements), and gave unto the people, and they did eat: then he arose, and went after Elijah, and ministered unto him” (1 Kings 19:19-21). We know not if even his father and mother had time to be called to this hasty feast. But this much is plain, that, though in affluent circumstances, he gave up his lower calling, with all its prospects, for the higher and at that time perilous, office to which he was called. What now is the bearing of these two cases? Did Elisha do wrong in bidding them farewell with whom he was associated in his early calling? Or, if not, would this disciple have done wrong if he had done the same thing, and in the same spirit, with Elisha? Clearly not. Elisha’s doing it proved that he could with safety do it; and our Lord’s warning is not against bidding them farewell which were at home at his house, but against the probable fatal consequences of that step; lest the embraces of earthly relationship should prove too strong for him, and he should never return to follow Christ. Accordingly, we have called this the Irresolute or Wavering Disciple.
Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 8:18-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 8:21

Another said — I will follow thee without any such view; but I must mind my business first. It is not certain that his father was already dead. Perhaps his son desired to stay with him, being very old, till his death.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 8:21

(5) And another of his disciples said unto him, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father.

(5) When God requires our labour, we must cease all our duty to men.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
another:

Luke 9:59-62 And he said unto another, Follow me. But he said, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father. ... And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God.

suffer:

Matthew 19:29 And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life.
Leviticus 21:11-12 Neither shall he go in to any dead body, nor defile himself for his father, or for his mother; ... Neither shall he go out of the sanctuary, nor profane the sanctuary of his God; for the crown of the anointing oil of his God [is] upon him: I [am] the LORD.
Numbers 6:6-7 All the days that he separateth [himself] unto the LORD he shall come at no dead body. ... He shall not make himself unclean for his father, or for his mother, for his brother, or for his sister, when they die: because the consecration of his God [is] upon his head.
Deuteronomy 33:9-10 Who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant. ... They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt sacrifice upon thine altar.
1 Kings 19:20-21 And he left the oxen, and ran after Elijah, and said, Let me, I pray thee, kiss my father and my mother, and [then] I will follow thee. And he said unto him, Go back again: for what have I done to thee? ... And he returned back from him, and took a yoke of oxen, and slew them, and boiled their flesh with the instruments of the oxen, and gave unto the people, and they did eat. Then he arose, and went after Elijah, and ministered unto him.
Haggai 1:2 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, This people say, The time is not come, the time that the LORD'S house should be built.
2 Corinthians 5:16 Wherefore henceforth know we no man after the flesh: yea, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we [him] no more.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 21:11. Nu 6:6. Dt 33:9. 1K 19:20. Hg 1:2. Mt 19:29. Lk 9:59. 2Co 5:16.

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