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Matthew 7:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast your pearls before the swine, lest haply they trample them under their feet, and turn and rend you.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Do not give what is holy to dogs, and do not throw your pearls before swine, or they will trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Give not that which [is] holy to dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Give not that which is holy to the dogs, nor cast your pearls before the swine, lest they trample them with their feet, and turning round rend you.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Do not give what is holy unto dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine,—lest once they trample, them, down with their feet, and, turning, tear, you.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Ye may not give that which is [holy] to the dogs, nor cast your pearls before the swine, that they may not trample them among their feet, and having turned—may rend you.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Give not that which is holy to dogs; neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest perhaps they trample them under their feet, and turning upon you, they tear you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Giue not that which is holy vnto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearles before swine: lest they trample them vnder their feete, and turne againe and rent you.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Give not the holy unto dogs, and throw not your precious stones before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Give not a holy thing to dogs: and cast not your pearls before swine; lest they tread them under their feet, and turn and lacerate you.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Give 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
that which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
is holy 40
{0040} Prime
ἅγιος
hagios
{hag'-ee-os}
From ἅγος [[hagos]] (an awful thing) compare G0053, [H2282]; sacred (physically pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially consecrated).
unto the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
dogs, 2965
{2965} Prime
κύων
kuon
{koo'-ohn}
A primary word; a dog ('hound'), (literally or figuratively).
neither 3366
{3366} Prime
μηδέ
mede
{may-deh'}
From G3361 and G1161; but not, not even; in a continued negation, nor.
cast 906
{0906} Prime
βάλλω
ballo
{bal'-lo}
A primary verb; to throw (in various applications, more or less violent or intense).
z5632
<5632> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 449
ye your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
pearls 3135
{3135} Prime
μαργαρίτης
margarites
{mar-gar-ee'-tace}
From μάργαρος [[margaros]] (a pearl oyster); a pearl.
before 1715
{1715} Prime
ἔμπροσθεν
emprosthen
{em'-pros-then}
From G1722 and G4314; in front of (in place [literally or figuratively] or time).
swine, 5519
{5519} Prime
χοῖρος
choiros
{khoy'-ros}
Of uncertain derivation; a hog.
lest 3379
{3379} Prime
μήποτε
mepote
{may'-pot-eh}
From G3361 and G4218; not ever; also if (or lest) ever (or perhaps).
they trample 2662
{2662} Prime
καταπατέω
katapateo
{kat-ap-at-eh'-o}
From G2596 and G3961; to trample down; figuratively to reject with disdain.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
under 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
their y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
feet, 4228
{4228} Prime
πούς
pous
{pooce}
A primary word; a 'foot' (figuratively or literally).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
turn again 4762
{4762} Prime
στρέφω
strepho
{stref'-o}
Strengthened from the base of G5157; to twist, that is, turn quite around or reverse (literally or figuratively).
z5651
<5651> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 32 plus one in a footnote in a variant reading
and rend 4486
{4486} Prime
ῥήγνυμι
rhegnumi
{hrayg'-noo-mee}
Both are prolonged forms of ῥήκω [[rheko]] (which appears only in certain forms, and is itself probably a strengthened form of ἄγνυμι [[agnumi]] (see in G2608)); to 'break', 'wreck' or 'crack', that is, (especially) to sunder (by separation of the parts; G2608 being its intensive (with the preposition in compounds), and G2352 a shattering to minute fragments; but not a reduction to the constituent particles, like G3089) or disrupt, lacerate; by implication to convulse (with spasms); figuratively to give vent to joyful emotions.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
you. 5209
{5209} Prime
ὑμᾶς
humas
{hoo-mas'}
Accusative of G5210; you (as the object of a verb or preposition).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 7:6

_ _ Prostitution of Holy Things. The opposite extreme to that of censoriousness is here condemned — want of discrimination of character.

_ _ Give not that which is holy unto the dogs — savage or snarling haters of truth and righteousness.

_ _ neither cast ye your pearls before swine — the impure or coarse, who are incapable of appreciating the priceless jewels of Christianity. In the East, dogs are wilder and more gregarious, and, feeding on carrion and garbage, are coarser and fiercer than the same animals in the West. Dogs and swine, besides being ceremonially unclean, were peculiarly repulsive to the Jews, and indeed to the ancients generally.

_ _ lest they trample them under their feet — as swine do.

_ _ and turn again and rend you — as dogs do. Religion is brought into contempt, and its professors insulted, when it is forced upon those who cannot value it and will not have it. But while the indiscriminately zealous have need of this caution, let us be on our guard against too readily setting our neighbors down as dogs and swine, and excusing ourselves from endeavoring to do them good on this poor plea.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 7:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 7:6

Here is another instance of that transposition, where of the two things proposed, the latter is first treated of. Give not — to dogs — lest turning they rend you: Cast not — to swine — lest they trample them under foot. Yet even then, when the beam is cast out of thine own eye, Give not — That is, talk not of the deep things of God to those whom you know to be wallowing in sin. neither declare the great things God hath done for your soul to the profane, furious, persecuting wretches. Talk not of perfection, for instance, to the former; not of your experience to the latter. But our Lord does in nowise forbid us to reprove, as occasion is, both the one and the other.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 7:6

(2) Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your (a) pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.

(2) The stiff-necked and stubborn enemies of the gospel are unworthy to have it preached unto them.

(a) A pearl is known among the Greeks for its oriental brightness: and a pearl was in ancient times greatly valued by the Latins: for a pearl that Cleopatra had was valued at two hundred and fifty thousand crowns: and the word is now borrowed from that, to signify the most precious heavenly doctrine.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that:

Matthew 10:14-15 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when ye depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet. ... Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city.
Matthew 15:26 But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast [it] to dogs.
Proverbs 9:7-8 He that reproveth a scorner getteth to himself shame: and he that rebuketh a wicked [man getteth] himself a blot. ... Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee: rebuke a wise man, and he will love thee.
Proverbs 23:9 Speak not in the ears of a fool: for he will despise the wisdom of thy words.
Proverbs 26:11 As a dog returneth to his vomit, [so] a fool returneth to his folly.
Acts 13:45-47 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming. ... For so hath the Lord commanded us, [saying], I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.
Philippians 3:2 Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.
Hebrews 6:6 If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put [him] to an open shame.
Hebrews 10:29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
2 Peter 2:22 But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog [is] turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire.

cast:

Proverbs 11:22 [As] a jewel of gold in a swine's snout, [so is] a fair woman which is without discretion.

turn:

Matthew 22:5-6 But they made light of [it], and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise: ... And the remnant took his servants, and entreated [them] spitefully, and slew [them].
Matthew 24:10 And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and shall hate one another.
2 Corinthians 11:26 [In] journeyings often, [in] perils of waters, [in] perils of robbers, [in] perils by [mine own] countrymen, [in] perils by the heathen, [in] perils in the city, [in] perils in the wilderness, [in] perils in the sea, [in] perils among false brethren;
2 Timothy 4:14-15 Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works: ... Of whom be thou ware also; for he hath greatly withstood our words.
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Pv 9:7; 11:22; 23:9; 26:11. Mt 10:14; 15:26; 22:5; 24:10. Ac 13:45. 2Co 11:26. Php 3:2. 2Ti 4:14. He 6:6; 10:29. 2P 2:22.

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