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Matthew 7:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— By their fruits ye shall know them. Do [men] gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You will know them by their fruits. Grapes are not gathered from thorn [bushes] nor figs from thistles, are they?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye shall know them by their fruits: Do men gather grapes from thorns, or figs from thistles:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By their fruits ye shall know them. Do [men] gather a bunch of grapes from thorns, or from thistles figs?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By their fruits, shall ye find, them, out,—unless perhaps men gather—from thorns, grapes! or, from thistles, figs!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— From their fruits ye shall know them; do [men] gather from thorns grapes? or from thistles figs?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By their fruits you shall know them. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yee shall knowe them by their fruits: Doe men gather grapes of thornes, or figges of thistles?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— By their fruits you shall know them. Do they gather from thorns grapes, or from briers figs?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And from their fruits ye shall know them. Do men gather grapes from thorn bushes; or figs from thistles?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ye shall know 1921
{1921} Prime
ἐπιγινώσκω
epiginosko
{ep-ig-in-oce'-ko}
From G1909 and G1097; to know upon some mark, that is, recognise; by implication to become fully acquainted with, to acknowledge.
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
by 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
their 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
fruits. 2590
{2590} Prime
καρπός
karpos
{kar-pos'}
Probably from the base of G0726; fruit (as plucked), literally or figuratively.
y3385
[3385] Standard
μήτι
meti
{may'-tee}
From G3361 and the neuter of G5100; whether at all.
Do men x3385
(3385) Complement
μήτι
meti
{may'-tee}
From G3361 and the neuter of G5100; whether at all.
gather 4816
{4816} Prime
συλλέγω
sullego
{sool-leg'-o}
From G4862 and G3004 in its original sense; to collect.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
grapes 4718
{4718} Prime
σταφυλή
staphule
{staf-oo-lay'}
Probably from the base of G4735; a cluster of grapes (as if intertwined).
of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
thorns, 173
{0173} Prime
ἄκανθα
akantha
{ak'-an-thah}
Probably from the same as G0188; a thorn.
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
figs 4810
{4810} Prime
σῦκον
sukon
{soo'-kon}
Apparently a primary word; a fig.
of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
thistles? 5146
{5146} Prime
τρίβολος
tribolos
{trib'-ol-os}
From G5140 and G0956; properly a crow foot (three pronged obstruction in war), that is, (by analogy) a thorny plant (caltrop).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 7:16

_ _ Ye shall know them by their fruits — not their doctrines — as many of the elder interpreters and some later ones explain it — for that corresponds to the tree itself; but the practical effect of their teaching, which is the proper fruit of the tree.

_ _ Do men gather grapes of thorns — any kind of prickly plant.

_ _ or figs of thistles? — a three-pronged variety. The general sense is obvious — Every tree bears its own fruit.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 7:15-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 7:16

By their fruits ye shall know them — A short, plain, easy rule, whereby to know true from false prophets: and one that may be applied by people of the weakest capacity, who are not accustomed to deep reasoning. True prophets convert sinners to God, or at least confirm and strengthen those that are converted. False prophets do not. They also are false prophets, who though speaking the very truth, yet are not sent by the Spirit of God, but come in their own name, to declare it: their grand mark is, "Not turning men from the power of Satan to God." Luke 6:43-44.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall:

Matthew 7:20 Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.
Matthew 12:33 Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by [his] fruit.
2 Peter 2:10-18 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous [are they], selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. ... For when they speak great swelling [words] of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, [through much] wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.
Jude 1:10-19 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt themselves. ... These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.

Do:

Luke 6:43-45 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. ... A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.
James 3:12 Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so [can] no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.
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Mt 7:20; 12:33. Lk 6:43. Jm 3:12. 2P 2:10. Jde 1:10.

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