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Matthew 6:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thy head, and wash thy face;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine head, and wash thy face;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But you, when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thy head, and wash thy face;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But *thou*, [when] fasting, anoint thy head and wash thy face,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, when, thou, art fasting, anoint thy head, and, thy face, wash,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'But thou, fasting, anoint thy head, and wash thy face,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But thou, when thou fastest anoint thy head, and wash thy face;
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine head, and wash thy face:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But thou, when thou art fasting, wash thy face and anoint thine head,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But, when thou fastest, wash thou thy face, and anoint thy head:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
thou, y4771
[4771] Standard
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
x4471
(4471) Complement
Ῥαμά
Rhama
{hram-ah'}
Of Hebrew origin [H7414]; Rama (that is, Ramah), a place in Palestine.
when thou fastest, 3522
{3522} Prime
νηστεύω
nesteuo
{nace-tyoo'-o}
From G3523; to abstain from food (religiously).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
anoint 218
{0218} Prime
ἀλείφω
aleipho
{al-i'-fo}
From G0001 (as a particle of union) and the base of G3045; to oil (with perfume).
z5669
<5669> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 30
thine 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
head, 2776
{2776} Prime
κεφαλή
kephale
{kef-al-ay'}
Probably from the primary word κάπτω [[kapto]] (in the sense of seizing); the head (as the part most readily taken hold of), literally or figuratively.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
wash 3538
{3538} Prime
νίπτω
nipto
{nip'-to}
To cleanse (especially the hands or the feet or the face); ceremonially to perform ablution.
z5669
<5669> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 30
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
face; 4383
{4383} Prime
πρόσωπον
prosopon
{pros'-o-pon}
From G4314 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the visage; from G3700); the front (as being towards view), that is, the countenance, aspect, appearance, surface; by implication presence, person.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 6:17

_ _ But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine head, and wash thy face — as the Jews did, except when mourning (Daniel 10:3); so that the meaning is, “Appear as usual” — appear so as to attract no notice.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 6:16-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 6:17

Anoint thy head — So the Jews frequently did. Dress thyself as usual.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
anoint:

Ruth 3:3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: [but] make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking.
2 Samuel 14:2 And Joab sent to Tekoah, and fetched thence a wise woman, and said unto her, I pray thee, feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on now mourning apparel, and anoint not thyself with oil, but be as a woman that had a long time mourned for the dead:
Ecclesiastes 9:8 Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head lack no ointment.
Daniel 10:2-3 In those days I Daniel was mourning three full weeks. ... I ate no pleasant bread, neither came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled.
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Ru 3:3. 2S 14:2. Ec 9:8. Dn 10:2.

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