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Matthew 6:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and forgive us our debts, as we also forgive our debtors,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And forgive us our debts, as, we also, have forgiven our debtors;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And forgive us our debts, as also we forgive our debtors.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And forgive us our debts, as we also forgive our debtors.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And forgiue vs our debts, as we forgiue our debters.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and forgive us our debts, as also we forgive our debtors;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
forgive 863
{0863} Prime
ἀφίημι
aphiemi
{af-ee'-ay-mee}
From G0575 and ἵημι [[hiemi]] (to send; an intensive form of εἶμι [[eimi]] (to go)); to send forth, in various applications.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
us 2254
{2254} Prime
ἡμῖν
hemin
{hay-meen'}
Dative plural of G1473; to (or for, with, by) us.
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
debts, 3783
{3783} Prime
ὀφείλημα
opheilema
{of-i'-lay-mah}
From (the alternate of) G3784; something owed, that is, (figuratively) a due.; morally a fault.
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
y2532
[2532] Standard
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
we 2249
{2249} Prime
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
forgive 863
{0863} Prime
ἀφίημι
aphiemi
{af-ee'-ay-mee}
From G0575 and ἵημι [[hiemi]] (to send; an intensive form of εἶμι [[eimi]] (to go)); to send forth, in various applications.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
our 2257
{2257} Prime
ἡμῶν
hemon
{hay-mone'}
Genitive plural of G1473; of (or from) us.
debtors. 3781
{3781} Prime
ὀφειλέτης
opheiletes
{of-i-let'-ace}
From G3784; an ower, that is, a person indebted; figuratively a delinquent; morally a transgressor (against God).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 6:12

_ _ Fifth Petition:

_ _ And forgive us our debts — A vitally important view of sin, this — as an offense against God demanding reparation to His dishonored claims upon our absolute subjection. As the debtor in the creditor’s hand, so is the sinner in the hands of God. This idea of sin had indeed come up before in this discourse — in the warning to agree with our adversary quickly, in case of sentence being passed upon us, adjudging us to payment of the last farthing, and to imprisonment till then (Matthew 5:25, Matthew 5:26). And it comes up once and again in our Lord’s subsequent teaching — as in the parable of the creditor and his two debtors (Luke 7:41, Luke 7:42, etc.), and in the parable of the unmerciful debtor (Matthew 18:23, etc.). But by embodying it in this brief model of acceptable prayer, and as the first of three petitions more or less bearing upon sin, our Lord teaches us, in the most emphatic manner conceivable, to regard this view of sin as the primary and fundamental one. Answering to this is the “forgiveness” which it directs us to seek — not the removal from our own hearts of the stain of sin, nor yet the removal of our just dread of God’s anger, or of unworthy suspicions of His love, which is all that some tell us we have to care about — but the removal from God’s own mind of His displeasure against us on account of sin, or, to retain the figure, the wiping or crossing out from His “book of remembrance” of all entries against us on this account.

_ _ as we forgive our debtors — the same view of sin as before; only now transferred to the region of offenses given and received between man and man. After what has been said on Matthew 5:7, it will not be thought that our Lord here teaches that our exercise of forgiveness towards our offending fellow men absolutely precedes and is the proper ground of God’s forgiveness of us. His whole teaching, indeed — as of all Scripture — is the reverse of this. But as no one can reasonably imagine himself to be the object of divine forgiveness who is deliberately and habitually unforgiving towards his fellow men, so it is a beautiful provision to make our right to ask and expect daily forgiveness of our daily shortcomings and our final absolution and acquittal at the great day of admission into the kingdom, dependent upon our consciousness of a forgiving disposition towards our fellows, and our preparedness to protest before the Searcher of hearts that we do actually forgive them. (See Mark 11:25, Mark 11:26). God sees His own image reflected in His forgiving children; but to ask God for what we ourselves refuse to men, is to insult Him. So much stress does our Lord put upon this, that immediately after the close of this prayer, it is the one point in it which He comes back upon (Matthew 6:14, Matthew 6:15), for the purpose of solemnly assuring us that the divine procedure in this matter of forgiveness will be exactly what our own is.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 6:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 6:12

And forgive us our debts, as we also forgive our debtors — Give us, O Lord, redemption in thy blood, even the forgiveness of sins: as thou enablest us freely and fully to forgive every man, so do thou forgive all our trespasses.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
forgive:

Exodus 34:7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear [the guilty]; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth [generation].
1 Kings 8:30 And hearken thou to the supplication of thy servant, and of thy people Israel, when they shall pray toward this place: and hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place: and when thou hearest, forgive.
1 Kings 8:34 Then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the land which thou gavest unto their fathers.
1 Kings 8:39 Then hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou, [even] thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men;)
1 Kings 8:50 And forgive thy people that have sinned against thee, and all their transgressions wherein they have transgressed against thee, and give them compassion before them who carried them captive, that they may have compassion on them:
Psalms 32:1 [[[A Psalm] of David, Maschil.]] Blessed [is he whose] transgression [is] forgiven, [whose] sin [is] covered.
Psalms 130:4 But [there is] forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared.
Isaiah 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
Daniel 9:19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God: for thy city and thy people are called by thy name.
Acts 13:38 Be it known unto you therefore, men [and] brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins:
Ephesians 1:7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;
1 John 1:7-9 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. ... If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us [our] sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

debts:

Matthew 18:21-27 Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times? ... Then the lord of that servant was moved with compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the debt.
Matthew 18:34 And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him.
Luke 7:40-48 And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on. ... And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.
Luke 11:4 And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil.

as:

Matthew 6:14-15 For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: ... But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
Matthew 18:21-22 Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times? ... Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, Until seventy times seven.
Matthew 18:28-35 But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellowservants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took [him] by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest. ... So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.
Nehemiah 5:12-13 Then said they, We will restore [them], and will require nothing of them; so will we do as thou sayest. Then I called the priests, and took an oath of them, that they should do according to this promise. ... Also I shook my lap, and said, So God shake out every man from his house, and from his labour, that performeth not this promise, even thus be he shaken out, and emptied. And all the congregation said, Amen, and praised the LORD. And the people did according to this promise.
Mark 11:25-26 And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have ought against any: that your Father also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses. ... But if ye do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your trespasses.
Luke 6:37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:
Luke 17:3-5 Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him. ... And the apostles said unto the Lord, Increase our faith.
Ephesians 4:32 And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you.
Colossians 3:13 Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also [do] ye.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 34:7. 1K 8:30, 34, 39, 50. Ne 5:12. Ps 32:1; 130:4. Is 1:18. Dn 9:19. Mt 6:14; 18:21, 28, 34. Mk 11:25. Lk 6:37; 7:40; 11:4; 17:3. Ac 13:38. Ep 1:7; 4:32. Col 3:13. 1Jn 1:7.

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