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Matthew 5:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Blessed [are] they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Blessed [are] they who hunger and thirst for righteousness: for they shall be filled.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Blessed they who hunger and thirst after righteousness, for *they* shall be filled.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Happy, they who hunger and thirst for righteousness; for, they, shall be filled:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Happy those hungering and thirsting for righteousness—because they shall be filled.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall have their fill.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Blessed [are] they which doe hunger and thirst after righteousnesse: for they shall be filled.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Blessed they who hunger and thirst unto righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Blessed are they that hunger and thirst for righteousness: for they shall be satiated!

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Blessed 3107
{3107} Prime
μακάριος
makarios
{mak-ar'-ee-os}
A prolonged form of the poetical μάκαρ [[makar]] (meaning the same); supremely blest; by extension fortunate, well off.
[are] they which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
do hunger 3983
{3983} Prime
πεινάω
peinao
{pi-nah'-o}
From the same as G3993 (through the idea of pinching toil; 'pine'); to famish (absolutely or comparatively); figuratively to crave.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
thirst 1372
{1372} Prime
διψάω
dipsao
{dip-sah'-o}
From a variation of G1373; to thirst for (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
after righteousness: 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
for 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
they 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
shall be filled. 5526
{5526} Prime
χορτάζω
chortazo
{khor-tad'-zo}
From G5528; to fodder, that is, (genitive case) to gorge (supply food in abundance).
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 5:6

_ _ Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled — “shall be saturated.” “From this verse,” says Tholuck, “the reference to the Old Testament background ceases.” Surprising! On the contrary, none of these beatitudes is more manifestly dug out of the rich mine of the Old Testament. Indeed, how could any one who found in the Old Testament “the poor in spirit,” and “the mourners in Zion,” doubt that he would also find those same characters also craving that righteousness which they feel and mourn their want of? But what is the precise meaning of “righteousness” here? Lutheran expositors, and some of our own, seem to have a hankering after that more restricted sense of the term in which it is used with reference to the sinner’s justification before God. (See Jeremiah 23:6; Isaiah 45:24; Romans 4:6; 2 Corinthians 5:21). But, in so comprehensive a saying as this, it is clearly to be taken — as in Matthew 5:10 also — in a much wider sense, as denoting that spiritual and entire conformity to the law of God, under the want of which the saints groan, and the possession of which constitutes the only true saintship. The Old Testament dwells much on this righteousness, as that which alone God regards with approbation (Psalms 11:7; Psalms 23:3; Psalms 106:3; Proverbs 12:28; Proverbs 16:31; Isaiah 64:5, etc.). As hunger and thirst are the keenest of our appetites, our Lord, by employing this figure here, plainly means “those whose deepest cravings are after spiritual blessings.” And in the Old Testament we find this craving variously expressed: “Hearken unto Me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the Lord” (Isaiah 51:1); “I have waited for Thy salvation, O Lord,” exclaimed dying Jacob (Genesis 49:18); “My soul,” says the sweet Psalmist, “breaketh for the longing that it hath unto Thy judgments at all times” (Psalms 119:20): and in similar breathings does he give vent to his deepest longings in that and other Psalms. Well, our Lord just takes up here — this blessed frame of mind, representing it as — the surest pledge of the coveted supplies, as it is the best preparative, and indeed itself the beginning of them. “They shall be saturated,” He says; they shall not only have what they so highly value and long to possess, but they shall have their fill of it. Not here, however. Even in the Old Testament this was well understood. “Deliver me,” says the Psalmist, in language which, beyond all doubt, stretches beyond the present scene, “from men of the world, which have their portion in this life: as for me, I shall behold Thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with Thy likeness” (Psalms 17:13-15). The foregoing beatitudes — the first four — represent the saints rather as conscious of their need of salvation, and acting suitably to that character, than as possessed of it. The next three are of a different kind — representing the saints as having now found salvation, and conducting themselves accordingly.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 5:3-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 5:6

They that hunger and thirst after righteousness — After the holiness here described. They shall be satisfied with it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
are:

Psalms 42:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah.]] As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God. ... My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?
Psalms 63:1-2 [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is; ... To see thy power and thy glory, so [as] I have seen thee in the sanctuary.
Psalms 84:2 My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of the LORD: my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God.
Psalms 107:9 For he satisfieth the longing soul, and filleth the hungry soul with goodness.
Amos 8:11-13 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD: ... In that day shall the fair virgins and young men faint for thirst.
Luke 1:53 He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away.
Luke 6:21 Blessed [are ye] that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed [are ye] that weep now: for ye shall laugh.
Luke 6:25 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.
John 6:27 Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.

for:

Psalms 4:6-7 [There be] many that say, Who will shew us [any] good? LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us. ... Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time [that] their corn and their wine increased.
Psalms 17:15 As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness.
Psalms 63:5 My soul shall be satisfied as [with] marrow and fatness; and my mouth shall praise [thee] with joyful lips:
Psalms 65:4 Blessed [is the man whom] thou choosest, and causest to approach [unto thee, that] he may dwell in thy courts: we shall be satisfied with the goodness of thy house, [even] of thy holy temple.
Psalms 145:19 He will fulfil the desire of them that fear him: he also will hear their cry, and will save them.
Song of Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, [my] spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.
Isaiah 25:6 And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined.
Isaiah 41:17 [When] the poor and needy seek water, and [there is] none, [and] their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them.
Isaiah 44:3 For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:
Isaiah 49:9-10 That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that [are] in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures [shall be] in all high places. ... They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.
Isaiah 55:1-3 Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. ... Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, [even] the sure mercies of David.
Isaiah 65:13 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty: behold, my servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed:
Isaiah 66:11 That ye may suck, and be satisfied with the breasts of her consolations; that ye may milk out, and be delighted with the abundance of her glory.
John 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
John 6:48-58 I am that bread of life. ... This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.
John 7:37 In the last day, that great [day] of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.
Revelation 7:16 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 4:6; 17:15; 42:1; 63:1, 5; 65:4; 84:2; 107:9; 145:19. So 5:1. Is 25:6; 41:17; 44:3; 49:9; 55:1; 65:13; 66:11. Am 8:11. Lk 1:53; 6:21, 25. Jn 4:14; 6:27, 48; 7:37. Rv 7:16.

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