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Matthew 5:48 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye therefore shall be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Therefore you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father who is in heaven is perfect.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Be *ye* therefore perfect as your heavenly Father is perfect.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye, therefore, shall become, perfect: as, your heavenly Father, is—perfect.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— ye shall therefore be perfect, as your Father who [is] in the heavens is perfect.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Be you therefore perfect, as also your heavenly Father is perfect.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Be yee therefore perfect, euen as your father, which is in heauen, is perfect.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Be ye therefore perfect, as your Father who is in heaven is perfect!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Be ye therefore perfect; even as your Father who is in heaven is perfect.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Be 2071
{2071} Prime
ἔσομαι
esomai
{es'-om-ahee}
Future tense of G1510; will be.
z5704
<5704> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 188
ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
therefore 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
perfect, 5046
{5046} Prime
τέλειος
teleios
{tel'-i-os}
From G5056; complete (in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character, etc.); neuter (as noun, with G3588) completeness.
even y5618
[5618] Standard
ὥσπερ
hosper
{hoce'-per}
From G5613 and G4007; just as, that is, exactly like.
as x5618
(5618) Complement
ὥσπερ
hosper
{hoce'-per}
From G5613 and G4007; just as, that is, exactly like.
your 5216
{5216} Prime
ὑμῶν
humon
{hoo-mone'}
Genitive case of G5210; of (from or concerning) you.
Father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
which 3588
{3588} Prime

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
is in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
heaven 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
perfect. 5046
{5046} Prime
τέλειος
teleios
{tel'-i-os}
From G5056; complete (in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character, etc.); neuter (as noun, with G3588) completeness.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 5:48

_ _ Be ye therefore — rather, “Ye shall therefore be,” or “Ye are therefore to be,” as My disciples and in My kingdom.

_ _ perfect — or complete. Manifestly, our Lord here speaks, not of degrees of excellence, but of the kind of excellence which was to distinguish His disciples and characterize His kingdom. When therefore He adds,

_ _ even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect — He refers to that full-orbed glorious completeness which is in the great Divine Model, “their Father which is in heaven.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 5:43-48.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 5:48

Therefore ye shall be perfect; as your Father who is in heaven is perfect — So the original runs, referring to all that holiness which is described in the foregoing verses, which our Lord in the beginning of the chapter recommends as happiness, and in the close of it as perfection. And how wise and gracious is this, to sum up, and, as it were, seal all his commandments with a promise! Even the proper promise of the Gospel! That he will put those laws in our minds, and write them in our hearts! He well knew how ready our unbelief would be to cry out, this is impossible! And therefore stakes upon it all the power, truth, and faithfulness of him to whom all things are possible.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye:

Genesis 17:1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I [am] the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.
Leviticus 11:44 For I [am] the LORD your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I [am] holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
Leviticus 19:2 Speak unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall be holy: for I the LORD your God [am] holy.
Leviticus 20:26 And ye shall be holy unto me: for I the LORD [am] holy, and have severed you from [other] people, that ye should be mine.
Deuteronomy 18:13 Thou shalt be perfect with the LORD thy God.
Job 1:1-2 There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name [was] Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil. ... And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters.
Job 1:3 His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east.
Psalms 37:37 Mark the perfect [man], and behold the upright: for the end of [that] man [is] peace.
Luke 6:36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.
Luke 6:40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.
2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.
2 Corinthians 13:9 For we are glad, when we are weak, and ye are strong: and this also we wish, [even] your perfection.
2 Corinthians 13:11 Finally, brethren, farewell. Be perfect, be of good comfort, be of one mind, live in peace; and the God of love and peace shall be with you.
Philippians 3:12-15 Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect: but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus. ... Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you.
Colossians 1:28 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus:
Colossians 4:12 Epaphras, who is [one] of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you, always labouring fervently for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect and complete in all the will of God.
James 1:4 But let patience have [her] perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
1 Peter 1:15-16 But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; ... Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.

even:

Matthew 5:16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
Matthew 5:45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
Ephesians 3:1 For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles,
Ephesians 5:1-2 Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children; ... And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.
1 John 3:3 And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 17:1. Lv 11:44; 19:2; 20:26. Dt 18:13. Jb 1:1, 3. Ps 37:37. Mt 5:16, 45. Lk 6:36, 40. 2Co 7:1; 13:9, 11. Ep 3:1; 5:1. Php 3:12. Col 1:28; 4:12. Jm 1:4. 1P 1:15. 1Jn 3:3.

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