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Matthew 5:42 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee, turn not thou away.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— To him that asks of thee give, and from him that desires to borrow of thee turn not away.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— To him who is asking thee, give; and, him who is desiring from thee to borrow, do not thou turn away.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— to him who is asking of thee be giving, and him who is willing to borrow from thee thou mayest not turn away.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Give to him that asketh of thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not away.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Giue to him that asketh thee: and from him that would borrow of thee, turne not thou away.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Give to him who asketh from thee, and him who would borrow from thee refuse not.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Whoever demandeth of thee, give to him: and whoever wisheth to borrow of thee, deny him not.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Give 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
to him that asketh 154
{0154} Prime
αἰτέω
aiteo
{ahee-teh'-o}
Of uncertain derivation; to ask (in generally).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
thee, 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
from him that would 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
borrow 1155
{1155} Prime
δαν[ε]ίζω
daneizo
{dan-ide'-zo}
From G1156; to loan on interest; reflexively to borrow.
z5670
<5670> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 29
of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
thee 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
turn y654
[0654] Standard
ἀποστρέφω
apostrepho
{ap-os-tref'-o}
From G0575 and G4762; to turn away or back (literally or figuratively).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not y3361
[3361] Standard
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
thou away. 654
{0654} Prime
ἀποστρέφω
apostrepho
{ap-os-tref'-o}
From G0575 and G4762; to turn away or back (literally or figuratively).
z5652
<5652> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 20
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 5:42

_ _ Give to him that asketh thee — The sense of unreasonable asking is here implied (compare Luke 6:30).

_ _ and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away — Though the word signifies classically “to have money lent to one on security,” or “with interest,” yet as this was not the original sense of the word, and as usury was forbidden among the Jews (Exodus 22:25, etc.), it is doubtless simple borrowing which our Lord here means, as indeed the whole strain of the exhortation implies. This shows that such counsels as “Owe no man anything” (Romans 13:8), are not to be taken absolutely; else the Scripture commendations of the righteous for “lending” to his necessitous brother (Psalms 37:36; Psalms 112:5; Luke 6:37) would have no application.

_ _ turn not thou away — a graphic expression of unfeeling refusal to relieve a brother in extremity.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 5:38-42.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 5:42

Thus much for your behaviour toward the violent. As for those who use milder methods, Give to him that asketh thee — Give and lend to any so far, (but no further, for God never contradicts himself) as is consistent with thy engagements to thy creditors, thy family, and the household of faith. Luke 6:30.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Matthew 25:35-40 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: ... And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Deuteronomy 15:7-14 If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother: ... Thou shalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy winepress: [of that] wherewith the LORD thy God hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him.
Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from [their] desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail; ... If his loins have not blessed me, and [if] he were [not] warmed with the fleece of my sheep;
Psalms 37:21 The wicked borroweth, and payeth not again: but the righteous sheweth mercy, and giveth.
Psalms 37:25-26 I have been young, and [now] am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread. ... [He is] ever merciful, and lendeth; and his seed [is] blessed.
Psalms 112:5-9 A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with discretion. ... He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
Proverbs 3:27-28 Withhold not good from them to whom it is due, when it is in the power of thine hand to do [it]. ... Say not unto thy neighbour, Go, and come again, and to morrow I will give; when thou hast it by thee.
Proverbs 11:24-25 There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth; and [there is] that withholdeth more than is meet, but [it tendeth] to poverty. ... The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that watereth shall be watered also himself.
Proverbs 19:17 He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again.
Ecclesiastes 11:1-2 Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days. ... Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth.
Ecclesiastes 11:6 In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold not thine hand: for thou knowest not whether shall prosper, either this or that, or whether they both [shall be] alike good.
Isaiah 58:6-12 [Is] not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke? ... And [they that shall be] of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.
Daniel 4:27 Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
Luke 6:30-36 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask [them] not again. ... Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.
Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.
Luke 14:12-14 Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor [thy] rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompence be made thee. ... And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
Romans 12:20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.
2 Corinthians 9:6-15 But this [I say], He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully. ... Thanks [be] unto God for his unspeakable gift.
1 Timothy 6:17-19 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy; ... Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.
Hebrews 6:10 For God [is] not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward his name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister.
Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, [and] to keep himself unspotted from the world.
James 2:15-16 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, ... And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be [ye] warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what [doth it] profit?
1 John 3:16-18 Hereby perceive we the love [of God], because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down [our] lives for the brethren. ... My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 15:7. Jb 31:16. Ps 37:21, 25; 112:5. Pv 3:27; 11:24; 19:17. Ec 11:1, 6. Is 58:6. Dn 4:27. Mt 25:35. Lk 6:30; 11:41; 14:12. Ro 12:20. 2Co 9:6. 1Ti 6:17. He 6:10; 13:16. Jm 1:27; 2:15. 1Jn 3:16.

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