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Matthew 5:39 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but I say unto you, resist not him that is evil: but whosoever smiteth thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But I say to you, That ye resist not evil: but whoever shall strike thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But *I* say unto you, not to resist evil; but whoever shall strike thee on thy right cheek, turn to him also the other;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, I, tell you, not to resist evil,—Nay, whoever is smiting thee on the right cheek, turn to him, the other also;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but I—I say to you, not to resist the evil, but whoever shall slap thee on thy right cheek, turn to him also the other;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But I say to you not to resist evil: but if one strike thee on thy right cheek, turn to him also the other:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But I say vnto you, that yee resist not euill: but whosoeuer shall smite thee on thy right cheeke, turne to him the other also.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But I say unto you, that you shall not rise up against evil: but if any one strike thee on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But I say to you: Resist not evil; but if a person smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
say 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
That ye resist 436
{0436} Prime
ἀνθίστημι
anthistemi
{anth-is'-tay-mee}
From G0473 and G2476; to stand against, that is, oppose.
z5629
<5629> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 454
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
evil: 4190
{4190} Prime
πονηρός
poneros
{pon-ay-ros'}
From a derivative of G4192; hurtful, that is, evil (properly in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively calamitous; also (passively) ill, that is, diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, that is, derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners.
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
whosoever 3748
{3748} Prime
ὅστις
hostis
{hos'-tis}
From G3739 and G5100; which some, that is, any that; also (definitely) which same.
shall smite 4474
{4474} Prime
ῥαπίζω
rhapizo
{hrap-id'-zo}
From a derivative of ῥέπω [[rhepo]], a primary word, (to let fall, 'rap'); to slap (with the palm of the hand).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
thee 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
right 1188
{1188} Prime
δεξιός
dexios
{dex-ee-os'}
From G1209; the right side or (feminine) hand (as that which usually takes).
cheek, 4600
{4600} Prime
σιαγών
siagon
{see-ag-one'}
Of uncertain derivation; the jaw bone, that is, (by implication) the cheek or side of the face.
turn 4762
{4762} Prime
στρέφω
strepho
{stref'-o}
Strengthened from the base of G5157; to twist, that is, turn quite around or reverse (literally or figuratively).
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
to him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
other 243
{0243} Prime
ἄλλος
allos
{al'-los}
A primary word; 'else', that is, different (in many applications).
also. 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 5:39

_ _ But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil; but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right check, turn to him the other also — Our Lord’s own meek, yet dignified bearing, when smitten rudely on the cheek (John 18:22, John 18:23), and not literally presenting the other, is the best comment on these words. It is the preparedness, after one indignity, not to invite but to submit meekly to another, without retaliation, which this strong language is meant to convey.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 5:38-42.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 5:39

But I say unto you, that ye resist not the evil man — Thus; the Greek word translated resist signifies standing in battle array, striving for victory. If a man smite thee on the right cheek — Return not evil for evil: yea, turn to him the other — Rather than revenge thyself.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
That:

Leviticus 19:18 Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I [am] the LORD.
1 Samuel 24:10-15 Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and [some] bade [me] kill thee: but [mine eye] spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he [is] the LORD'S anointed. ... The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.
1 Samuel 25:31-34 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid. ... For in very deed, [as] the LORD God of Israel liveth, which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.
1 Samuel 26:8-10 Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not [smite] him the second time. ... David said furthermore, [As] the LORD liveth, the LORD shall smite him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall descend into battle, and perish.
Job 31:29-31 If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him: ... If the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of his flesh! we cannot be satisfied.
Proverbs 20:22 Say not thou, I will recompense evil; [but] wait on the LORD, and he shall save thee.
Proverbs 24:29 Say not, I will do so to him as he hath done to me: I will render to the man according to his work.
Luke 6:29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the [one] cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not [to take thy] coat also.
Romans 12:17-19 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men. ... Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but [rather] give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance [is] mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.
1 Corinthians 6:7 Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because ye go to law one with another. Why do ye not rather take wrong? why do ye not rather [suffer yourselves to] be defrauded?
1 Thessalonians 5:15 See that none render evil for evil unto any [man]; but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all [men].
Hebrews 12:4 Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.
James 5:6 Ye have condemned [and] killed the just; [and] he doth not resist you.
1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.

whosoever:

1 Kings 22:24 But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee?
Job 16:10 They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully; they have gathered themselves together against me.
Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
Lamentations 3:30 He giveth [his] cheek to him that smiteth him: he is filled full with reproach.
Micah 5:1 Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek.
Luke 6:29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the [one] cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not [to take thy] coat also.
Luke 22:64 And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?
1 Peter 2:20-23 For what glory [is it], if, when ye be buffeted for your faults, ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer [for it], ye take it patiently, this [is] acceptable with God. ... Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed [himself] to him that judgeth righteously:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:18. 1S 24:10; 25:31; 26:8. 1K 22:24. Jb 16:10; 31:29. Pv 20:22; 24:29. Is 50:6. Lm 3:30. Mi 5:1. Lk 6:29; 22:64. Ro 12:17. 1Co 6:7. 1Th 5:15. He 12:4. Jm 5:6. 1P 2:20; 3:9.

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