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Matthew 5:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but I say unto you, swear not at all; neither by the heaven, for it is the throne of God;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But I say to you, make no oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But I say to you, Swear not at all: neither by heaven; for it is God's throne:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But *I* say unto you, Do not swear at all; neither by the heaven, because it is [the] throne of God;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, I, tell you—not to swear, at all: Neither by heaven, because it is the, throne of God,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but I—I say to you, not to swear at all; neither by the heaven, because it is the throne of God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But I say to you not to swear at all, neither by heaven for it is the throne of God:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But I say vnto you, Sweare not at all, neither by heauen, for it is Gods throne:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But I say unto you, Swear not at all: not by heaven, for it is the throne of Aloha;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But I say to you, Swear not at all: not by heaven, for it is the throne of God:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
say 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
Swear 3660
{3660} Prime
ὀμνύω
omnuo
{om-noo'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary but obsolete word, ὄμω [[omo]], for which another prolonged form (ὀμόω [[omoo]], {om-o'-o}) is used in certain tenses. To swear, that is, take (or declare on) oath.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
not 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
at all; 3654
{3654} Prime
ὅλως
holos
{hol'-oce}
Adverb from G3650; completely, that is, altogether; (by analogy) everywhere; (negative) not by any means.
neither 3383
{3383} Prime
μήτε
mete
{may'-teh}
From G3361 and G5037; not too, that is, (in continued negation) neither or nor; also, not even.
by 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
heaven; 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
for 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
it is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
God's 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
throne: 2362
{2362} Prime
θρόνος
thronos
{thron'-os}
From θράω [[thrao]] (to sit); a stately seat ('throne'); by implication power or (concretely) a potentate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 5:33-37.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Swear:

Deuteronomy 23:21-23 When thou shalt vow a vow unto the LORD thy God, thou shalt not slack to pay it: for the LORD thy God will surely require it of thee; and it would be sin in thee. ... That which is gone out of thy lips thou shalt keep and perform; [even] a freewill offering, according as thou hast vowed unto the LORD thy God, which thou hast promised with thy mouth.
Ecclesiastes 9:2 All [things come] alike to all: [there is] one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as [is] the good, so [is] the sinner; [and] he that sweareth, as [he] that feareth an oath.
James 5:12 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and [your] nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.

heaven:

Matthew 23:16-22 Woe unto you, [ye] blind guides, which say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor! ... And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.
Isaiah 57:15 For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name [is] Holy; I dwell in the high and holy [place], with him also [that is] of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
Isaiah 66:1 Thus saith the LORD, The heaven [is] my throne, and the earth [is] my footstool: where [is] the house that ye build unto me? and where [is] the place of my rest?
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Dt 23:21. Ec 9:2. Is 57:15; 66:1. Mt 23:16. Jm 5:12.

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