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Matthew 5:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— but I say unto you, that every one that looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— but I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But I say to you, That whoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But *I* say unto you, that every one who looks upon a woman to lust after her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, I, say unto you, that, Every one who looketh on a woman so as to covet her, already, hath committed adultery with her, in his heart.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— but I—I say to you, that every one who is looking on a woman to desire her, did already commit adultery with her in his heart.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But I say to you, that whosoever shall look on a woman to lust after her, hath already committed adultery with her in his heart.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But I say vnto you, That whosoeuer looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath committed adulterie with her already in his heart.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But I say to you, that every one who beholdeth a woman so as that he shall desire her, already committeth adultery in his heart.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But I say to you, That whoever gazeth on a woman with concupiscence, at once committeth adultery with her in his heart.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
I 1473
{1473} Prime
ἐγώ
ego
{eg-o'}
A primary pronoun of the first person, 'I' (only expressed when emphatic).
say 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto you, 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
That 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
whosoever 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
looketh 991
{0991} Prime
βλέπω
blepo
{blep'-o}
A primary verb; to look at (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
on a woman 1135
{1135} Prime
γυνή
gune
{goo-nay'}
Probably from the base of G1096; a woman; specifically a wife.
to y4314
[4314] Standard
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
lust x1937
(1937) Complement
ἐπιθυμέω
epithumeo
{ep-ee-thoo-meh'-o}
From G1909 and G2372; to set the heart upon, that is, long for (rightfully or otherwise).
after y1937
[1937] Standard
ἐπιθυμέω
epithumeo
{ep-ee-thoo-meh'-o}
From G1909 and G2372; to set the heart upon, that is, long for (rightfully or otherwise).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
her 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
hath committed adultery 3431
{3431} Prime
μοιχεύω
moicheuo
{moy-khyoo'-o}
From G3432; to commit adultery.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
with her 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
already 2235
{2235} Prime
ἤδη
ede
{ay'-day}
Apparently from G2228 (or possibly G2229) and G1211; even now.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
heart. 2588
{2588} Prime
καρδία
kardia
{kar-dee'-ah}
Prolonged from a primary κάρ [[kar]] (Latin cor, 'heart'); the heart, that is, (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 5:28

_ _ But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her — with the intent to do so, as the same expression is used in Matthew 6:1; or, with the full consent of his will, to feed thereby his unholy desires.

_ _ hath committed adultery with her already in his heart — We are not to suppose, from the word here used — “adultery” — that our Lord means to restrict the breach of this commandment to married persons, or to criminal intercourse with such. The expressions, “whosoever looketh,” and “looketh upon a woman,” seem clearly to extend the range of this commandment to all forms of impurity, and the counsels which follow — as they most certainly were intended for all, whether married or unmarried — seem to confirm this. As in dealing with the sixth commandment our Lord first expounds it, and then in the four following verses applies His exposition (Matthew 5:21-25), so here He first expounds the seventh commandment, and then in the four following verses applies His exposition (Matthew 5:28-32).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 5:27-32.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I say:

Matthew 5:22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
Matthew 5:39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.
Matthew 7:28-29 And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at his doctrine: ... For he taught them as [one] having authority, and not as the scribes.

That:

Genesis 34:2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her.
Genesis 39:7-23 And it came to pass after these things, that his master's wife cast her eyes upon Joseph; and she said, Lie with me. ... The keeper of the prison looked not to any thing [that was] under his hand; because the LORD was with him, and [that] which he did, the LORD made [it] to prosper.
Exodus 20:17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that [is] thy neighbour's.
2 Samuel 11:2 And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman [was] very beautiful to look upon.
Job 31:1 I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?
Job 31:9 If mine heart have been deceived by a woman, or [if] I have laid wait at my neighbour's door;
Proverbs 6:25 Lust not after her beauty in thine heart; neither let her take thee with her eyelids.
James 1:14-15 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. ... Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.
2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:
1 John 2:16 For all that [is] in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.

hath:

Psalms 119:96 I have seen an end of all perfection: [but] thy commandment [is] exceeding broad.
Romans 7:7-8 What shall we say then? [Is] the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. ... But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin [was] dead.
Romans 7:14 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.
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Gn 34:2; 39:7. Ex 20:17. 2S 11:2. Jb 31:1, 9. Ps 119:96. Pv 6:25. Mt 5:22, 39; 7:28. Ro 7:7, 14. Jm 1:14. 2P 2:14. 1Jn 2:16.

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