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Matthew 5:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If therefore thou art offering thy gift at the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath aught against thee,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Therefore if you are presenting your offering at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore if thou shalt bring thy gift to the altar, and there remember that thy brother hath aught against thee;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If therefore thou shouldest offer thy gift at the altar, and there shouldest remember that thy brother has something against thee,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, therefore, thou be bearing thy gift towards the altar, and, there, shouldst remember that, thy brother, hath aught against thee,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'If, therefore, thou mayest bring thy gift to the altar, and there mayest remember that thy brother hath anything against thee,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If therefore thou offer thy gift at the altar, and there thou remember that thy brother hath anything against thee;
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there remembrest that thy brother hath ought against thee:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— If it occur, therefore, that thou bring thy oblation to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother retaineth some enmity against thee;
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— If therefore thou shalt bring thy oblation to the altar, and shalt there remember that thy brother hath any offence against thee,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore 3767
{3767} Prime
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
if 1437
{1437} Prime
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
thou bring 4374
{4374} Prime
From G4314 and G5342 (including its alternate); to bear towards, that is, lead to, tender (especially to God), treat.
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
gift 1435
{1435} Prime
A present; specifically a sacrifice.
to 1909
{1909} Prime
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
altar, 2379
{2379} Prime
From a derivative of G2378; a place of sacrifice, that is, an altar (specifically or generally, literally or figuratively).
and there 2546
{2546} Prime
From G2532 and G1563; likewise in that place.
rememberest 3415
{3415} Prime
Middle voice of a derivative of G3306 or perhaps of the base of G3145 (through the idea of fixture in the mind or of mental grasp); to bear in mind, that is, recollect; by implication to reward or punish.
<5686> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 219
that 3754
{3754} Prime
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
brother 80
{0080} Prime
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
hath 2192
{2192} Prime
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
ought 5100
{5100} Prime
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
against 2596
{2596} Prime
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
thee; 4675
{4675} Prime
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 5:23

_ _ Therefore — to apply the foregoing, and show its paramount importance.

_ _ if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath aught — of just complaint “against thee.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 5:21-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 5:23

Thy brother hath aught against thee — On any of the preceding accounts: for any unkind thought or word: any that did not spring from love.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 5:23

(6) Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the (o) altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath ought against thee;

(6) The covetous Pharisees taught that God was appeased by the sacrifices appointed in the law, which they themselves devoured. But Christ on the contrary side denies that God accepts any man's offering, unless he makes satisfaction to his brother whom he has offended: and says moreover, that these stubborn and stiff-necked despisers of their brethren will never escape the wrath and curse of God before they have made full satisfaction to their brethren.

(o) He applies all this speech to the state of his time, when there was then an altar standing in Jerusalem, and therefore they are very foolish that gather from this that we must build altars and use sacrifices: but they are bigger fools who consider this to be purgatory, which is spoken of as peace making and atonement one with another.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Matthew 8:4 And Jesus saith unto him, See thou tell no man; but go thy way, shew thyself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.
Matthew 23:19 [Ye] fools and blind: for whether [is] greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the gift?
Deuteronomy 16:16-17 Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the LORD empty: ... Every man [shall give] as he is able, according to the blessing of the LORD thy God which he hath given thee.
1 Samuel 15:22 And Samuel said, Hath the LORD [as great] delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey [is] better than sacrifice, [and] to hearken than the fat of rams.
Isaiah 1:10-17 Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah. ... Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
Hosea 6:6 For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
Amos 5:21-24 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies. ... But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.


Genesis 41:9 Then spake the chief butler unto Pharaoh, saying, I do remember my faults this day:
Genesis 42:21-22 And they said one to another, We [are] verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us. ... And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required.
Genesis 50:15-17 And when Joseph's brethren saw that their father was dead, they said, Joseph will peradventure hate us, and will certainly requite us all the evil which we did unto him. ... So shall ye say unto Joseph, Forgive, I pray thee now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their sin; for they did unto thee evil: and now, we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of thy father. And Joseph wept when they spake unto him.
Leviticus 6:2-6 If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbour; ... And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest:
1 Kings 2:44 The king said moreover to Shimei, Thou knowest all the wickedness which thine heart is privy to, that thou didst to David my father: therefore the LORD shall return thy wickedness upon thine own head;
Lamentations 3:20 My soul hath [them] still in remembrance, and is humbled in me.
Ezekiel 16:63 That thou mayest remember, and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more because of thy shame, when I am pacified toward thee for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord GOD.
Luke 19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore [him] fourfold.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 41:9; 42:21; 50:15. Lv 6:2. Dt 16:16. 1S 15:22. 1K 2:44. Is 1:10. Lm 3:20. Ezk 16:63. Ho 6:6. Am 5:21. Mt 8:4; 23:19. Lk 19:8.

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