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Matthew 5:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Neither do [men] light a lamp, and put it under the bushel, but on the stand; and it shineth unto all that are in the house.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— nor does [anyone] light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a close vessel, but on a candlestick: and it giveth light to all that are in the house.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Nor do [men] light a lamp and put it under the bushel, but upon the lamp-stand, and it shines for all who are in the house.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Neither light they a lamp, and place it under the measure; but upon the lampstand, and it giveth light to all that are in the house.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— nor do they light a lamp, and put it under the measure, but on the lamp-stand, and it shineth to all those in the house;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Neither do men light a candle and put it under a bushel, but upon a candlestick, that it may shine to all that are in the house.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Neither doe men light a candle, and put it vnder a bushell: but on a candlesticke, and it giueth light vnto all that are in the house.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Nor do they kindle a lamp and place it beneath a measure, but on a candlestick, and it enlighteneth all who are in the house.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And they do not light a lamp and place it under a bushel; but upon a lightstand, and it giveth light to all that are in the house.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Neither 3761
{3761} Prime
οὐδέ
oude
{oo-deh'}
From G3756 and G1161; not however, that is, neither, nor, not even.
do men light 2545
{2545} Prime
καίω
kaio
{kah'-yo}
Apparently a primary verb; to set on fire, that is, kindle or (by implication) consume.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
a candle, 3088
{3088} Prime
λύχνος
luchnos
{lookh'-nos}
From the base of G3022; a portable lamp or other illuminator (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
put 5087
{5087} Prime
τίθημι
tithemi
{tith'-ay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word θέω [[theo]], {theh'-o} (which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different from G2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while G2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
it 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
under 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
a bushel, 3426
{3426} Prime
μόδιος
modios
{mod'-ee-os}
Of Latin origin; a modius, that is, certain measure for things dry (the quantity or the utensil).
but 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
a candlestick; 3087
{3087} Prime
λυχνία
luchnia
{lookh-nee'-ah}
From G3088; a lamp stand (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
it giveth light 2989
{2989} Prime
λάμπω
lampo
{lam'-po}
A primary verb; to beam, that is, radiate brilliancy (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
that x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
are in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
house. 3614
{3614} Prime
οἰκία
oikia
{oy-kee'-ah}
From G3624; properly residence (abstractly), but usually (concretely) an abode (literally or figuratively); by implication a family (especially domestics).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 5:15

_ _ Neither do men light a candle — or, lamp.

_ _ and put it under a bushel — a dry measure.

_ _ but on a candlestick — rather, “under the bushel, but on the lampstand.” The article is inserted in both cases to express the familiarity of everyone with those household utensils.

_ _ and it giveth light — shineth “unto all that are in the house.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 5:13-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 5:15

Nay, the very design of God in giving you this light was, that it might shine. Mark 4:21; Luke 8:16; Luke 11:33.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
do:

Mark 4:21 And he said unto them, Is a candle brought to be put under a bushel, or under a bed? and not to be set on a candlestick?
Luke 8:16 No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth [it] under a bed; but setteth [it] on a candlestick, that they which enter in may see the light.
Luke 11:33 No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth [it] in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light.

a bushel:
"A measure containing about a pint less than a peck."

it giveth:

Exodus 25:37 And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it.
Numbers 8:2 Speak unto Aaron, and say unto him, When thou lightest the lamps, the seven lamps shall give light over against the candlestick.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 25:37. Nu 8:2. Mk 4:21. Lk 8:16; 11:33.

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