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Matthew 5:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hid.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— *Ye* are the light of the world: a city situated on the top of a mountain cannot be hid.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Ye, are the light of the world: it is impossible for a city to be hid, on the top of a mountain, lying.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Ye are the light of the world, a city set upon a mount is not able to be hid;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— You are the light of the world. A city seated on a mountain cannot be hid.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yee are the light of the world. A citie that is set on an hill, cannot be hid.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— You are the light of the world: It is not possible that a city which is built upon a hill can be hidden.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Ye are the light of the world! A city built upon a hill, not be concealed.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ye 5210
{5210} Prime
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
are 2075
{2075} Prime
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
light 5457
{5457} Prime
From an obsolete φάω [[phao]] (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316 and G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
world. 2889
{2889} Prime
Probably from the base of G2865; orderly arrangement, that is, decoration; by implication the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively [morally]).
A city 4172
{4172} Prime
Probably from the same as G4171, or perhaps from G4183; a town (properly with walls, of greater or less size).
that is set 2749
{2749} Prime
Middle voice of a primary verb; to lie outstretched (literally or figuratively).
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
on 1883
{1883} Prime
From G1909 and G0507; up above, that is, over or on (of place, amount, rank, etc.).
an hill 3735
{3735} Prime
Probably from an obsolete word ὄρω [[oro]] (to rise or 'rear'; perhaps akin to G0142; compare G3733); a mountain (as lifting itself above the plain).
cannot 3756
{3756} Prime
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
{1410} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
be hid. 2928
{2928} Prime
A primary verb; to conceal (properly by covering).
<5650> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 4
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 5:14

_ _ Ye are the light of the world — This being the distinctive title which our Lord appropriates to Himself (John 8:12; John 9:5; and see John 1:4, John 1:9; John 3:19; John 12:35, John 12:36) — a title expressly said to be unsuitable even to the highest of all the prophets (John 1:8) — it must be applied here by our Lord to His disciples only as they shine with His light upon the world, in virtue of His Spirit dwelling in them, and the same mind being in them which was also in Christ Jesus. Nor are Christians anywhere else so called. Nay, as if to avoid the august title which the Master has appropriated to Himself, Christians are said to “shine” — not as “lights,” as our translators render it, but — “as luminaries in the world” (Philippians 2:15); and the Baptist is said to have been “the burning and shining” — not “light,” as in our translation, but “lamp” of his day (John 5:35). Let it be observed, too, that while the two figures of salt and sunlight both express the same function of Christians — their blessed influence on their fellow men — they each set this forth under a different aspect. Salt operates internally, in the mass with which it comes in contact; the sunlight operates externally, irradiating all that it reaches. Hence Christians are warily styled “the salt of the earth” — with reference to the masses of mankind with whom they are expected to mix; but “the light of the world” — with reference to the vast and variegated surface which feels its fructifying and gladdening radiance. The same distinction is observable in the second pair of those seven parables which our Lord spoke from the Galilean Lake — that of the “mustard seed,” which grew to be a great overshadowing tree, answering to the sunlight which invests the world, and that of the “leaven,” which a woman took and, like the salt, hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened (Matthew 13:31-33).

_ _ A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid — nor can it be supposed to have been so built except to be seen by many eyes.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 5:13-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 5:14

Ye are the light of the world — If ye are thus holy, you can no more be hid than the sun in the firmament: no more than a city on a mountain — Probably pointing to that on the brow of the opposite hill.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Matthew 5:14

Ye are the (f) light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.

(f) You shine and give light by being made partakers of the true light.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the light:

Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
John 5:35 He was a burning and a shining light: and ye were willing for a season to rejoice in his light.
John 12:36 While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.
Romans 2:19-20 And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness, ... An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law.
2 Corinthians 6:14 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?
Ephesians 5:8-14 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now [are ye] light in the Lord: walk as children of light: ... Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.
Philippians 2:15 That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world;
1 Thessalonians 5:5 Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.
Revelation 1:20 The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches.
Revelation 2:1 Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;

a city:

Genesis 11:4-8 And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top [may reach] unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth. ... So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.
Revelation 21:14-27 And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. ... And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither [whatsoever] worketh abomination, or [maketh] a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 11:4. Pv 4:18. Jn 5:35; 12:36. Ro 2:19. 2Co 6:14. Ep 5:8. Php 2:15. 1Th 5:5. Rv 1:20; 2:1; 21:14.

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