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Matthew 5:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Blessed are they that have been persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Blessed [are] they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Blessed [are] they who are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Blessed they who are persecuted on account of righteousness, for *theirs* is the kingdom of the heavens.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Happy, they who have been persecuted for righteousness' sake; for, theirs, is the kingdom of the heavens.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Happy those persecuted for righteousness' sake—because theirs is the reign of the heavens.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Blessed [are] they which are persecuted for righteousnesse sake: for theirs is the kingdome of heauen.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Blessed they who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Blessed are they that are persecuted on account of righteousness: for the kingdom of heaven is theirs!

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Blessed 3107
{3107} Prime
μακάριος
makarios
{mak-ar'-ee-os}
A prolonged form of the poetical μάκαρ [[makar]] (meaning the same); supremely blest; by extension fortunate, well off.
[are] they which are persecuted 1377
{1377} Prime
διώκω
dioko
{dee-o'-ko}
A prolonged (and causative) form of a primary verb δίω [[dio]] (to flee; compare the base of G1169 and G1249); to pursue (literally or figuratively); by implication to persecute.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
for y1752
[1752] Standard
ἕνεκα
heneka
{hen'-ek-ah}
Of uncertain affinity; on account of.
righteousness' sake: 1343
{1343} Prime
δικαιοσύνη
dikaiosune
{dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay}
From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically (Christian) justification.
x1752
(1752) Complement
ἕνεκα
heneka
{hen'-ek-ah}
Of uncertain affinity; on account of.
for 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
theirs 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
kingdom 932
{0932} Prime
βασιλεία
basileia
{bas-il-i'-ah}
From G0935; properly royalty, that is, (abstractly) rule, or (concretely) a realm (literally or figuratively).
of heaven. 3772
{3772} Prime
οὐρανός
ouranos
{oo-ran-os'}
Perhaps from the same as G3735 (through the idea of elevation); the sky; by extension heaven (as the abode of God); by implication happiness, power, eternity; specifically the Gospel (Christianity).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 5:10

_ _ Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, etc. — How entirely this final beatitude has its ground in the Old Testament, is evident from the concluding words, where the encouragement held out to endure such persecutions consists in its being but a continuation of what was experienced by the Old Testament servants of God. But how, it may be asked, could such beautiful features of character provoke persecution? To this the following answers should suffice: “Every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.” “The world cannot hate you; but Me it hateth, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.” “If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you.” “There is yet one man (said wicked Ahab to good Jehoshaphat) by whom we may inquire of the Lord: but I hate him; for he never prophesied good unto me, but always evil” (John 3:20; John 7:7; John 15:19; 2 Chronicles 18:7). But more particularly, the seven characters here described are all in the teeth of the spirit of the world, insomuch that such hearers of this discourse as breathed that spirit must have been startled, and had their whole system of thought and action rudely dashed. Poverty of spirit runs counter to the pride of men’s heart; a pensive disposition, in the view of one’s universal deficiencies before God, is ill relished by the callous, indifferent, laughing, self-satisfied world; a meek and quiet spirit, taking wrong, is regarded as pusillanimous, and rasps against the proud, resentful spirit of the world; that craving after spiritual blessings rebukes but too unpleasantly the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, and the pride of life; so does a merciful spirit the hard-heartedness of the world; purity of heart contrasts painfully with painted hypocrisy; and the peacemaker cannot easily be endured by the contentious, quarrelsome world. Thus does “righteousness” come to be “persecuted.” But blessed are they who, in spite of this, dare to be righteous.

_ _ for theirs is the kingdom of heaven — As this was the reward promised to the poor in spirit — the leading one of these seven beatitudes — of course it is the proper portion of such as are persecuted for exemplifying them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 5:3-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 5:10

For righteousness' sake — That is, because they have, or follow after, the righteousness here described. He that is truly a righteous man, he that mourns, and he that is pure in heart, yea, all that will live godly in Christ Jesus, shall suffer persecution, 2 Timothy 3:12. The world will always say, Away with such fellows from the earth. They are made to reprove our thoughts. They are grievous to us even to behold. Their lives are not like other men's; their ways are of another fashion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
are:

Matthew 10:23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come.
Psalms 37:12 The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth.
Mark 10:30 But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.
Luke 6:22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you [from their company], and shall reproach [you], and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake.
Luke 21:12 But before all these, they shall lay their hands on you, and persecute [you], delivering [you] up to the synagogues, and into prisons, being brought before kings and rulers for my name's sake.
John 15:20 Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also.
Acts 5:40 And to him they agreed: and when they had called the apostles, and beaten [them], they commanded that they should not speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go.
Acts 8:1 And Saul was consenting unto his death. And at that time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the apostles.
Romans 8:35-39 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? [shall] tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? ... Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
1 Corinthians 4:9-13 For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men. ... Being defamed, we intreat: we are made as the filth of the world, [and are] the offscouring of all things unto this day.
2 Corinthians 4:8-12 [We are] troubled on every side, yet not distressed; [we are] perplexed, but not in despair; ... So then death worketh in us, but life in you.
2 Corinthians 4:17 For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding [and] eternal weight of glory;
Philippians 1:28 And in nothing terrified by your adversaries: which is to them an evident token of perdition, but to you of salvation, and that of God.
2 Timothy 2:12 If we suffer, we shall also reign with [him]: if we deny [him], he also will deny us:
2 Timothy 3:11 Persecutions, afflictions, which came unto me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra; what persecutions I endured: but out of [them] all the Lord delivered me.
James 1:2-5 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; ... If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
1 Peter 3:13-14 And who [is] he that will harm you, if ye be followers of that which is good? ... But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy [are ye]: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled;
1 Peter 4:12-16 Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you: ... Yet if [any man suffer] as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf.
1 John 3:12 Not as Cain, [who] was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.
Revelation 2:10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast [some] of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.

for:

Matthew 5:3 Blessed [are] the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
2 Thessalonians 1:4-7 So that we ourselves glory in you in the churches of God for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and tribulations that ye endure: ... And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,
James 1:12 Blessed [is] the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 37:12. Mt 5:3; 10:23. Mk 10:30. Lk 6:22; 21:12. Jn 15:20. Ac 5:40; 8:1. Ro 8:35. 1Co 4:9. 2Co 4:8, 17. Php 1:28. 2Th 1:4. 2Ti 2:12; 3:11. Jm 1:2, 12. 1P 3:13; 4:12. 1Jn 3:12. Rv 2:10.

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