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Matthew 4:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the tempter came and said unto him, If thou art the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the tempter came and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou art the son of God, command that these stones be made bread.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the tempter coming up to him said, If thou be Son of God, speak, that these stones may become loaves of bread.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, coming near, the tempter said to him,—If thou art God's, Son, speak! that, these stones, may become, loaves.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the Tempter having come to him said, 'If Son thou art of God—speak that these stones may become loaves.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the tempter coming said to him: If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the tempter came to him, hee said, If thou be the sonne of God, command that these stones bee made bread.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he who tempteth approached and said, If the Son thou art of Aloha, say that these stones shall become bread.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the Tempter came, and said to him: If thou art the Son of God, command these stones to become bread.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
tempter 3985
{3985} Prime
πειράζω
peirazo
{pi-rad'-zo}
From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
came 4334
{4334} Prime
προσέρχομαι
proserchomai
{pros-er'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2064 (including its alternate); to approach, that is, (literally) come near, visit, or (figuratively) worship, assent to.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
to him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
he said, 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
If 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
thou be 1488
{1488} Prime
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
the Son y5207
[5207] Standard
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of x5207
(5207) Complement
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
command 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
that 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
these 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
stones 3037
{3037} Prime
λίθος
lithos
{lee'-thos}
Apparently a primary word; a stone (literally or figuratively).
be made 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5638
<5638> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 66
bread. 740
{0740} Prime
ἄρτος
artos
{ar'-tos}
From G0142; bread (as raised) or a loaf.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Matthew 4:3

_ _ And when the tempter came to him — Evidently we have here a new scene.

_ _ he said, if thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread — rather, “loaves,” answering to “stones” in the plural; whereas Luke, having said, “Command this stone,” in the singular, adds, “that it be made bread,” in the singular (Luke 4:3). The sensation of hunger, unfelt during all the forty days, seems now to have come on in all its keenness — no doubt to open a door to the tempter, of which he is not slow to avail himself; “Thou still clingest to that vainglorious confidence that Thou art the Son of God, carried away by those illusory scenes at the Jordan. Thou wast born in a stable; but Thou art the Son of God! hurried off to Egypt for fear of Herod’s wrath; but Thou art the Son of God! a carpenter’s roof supplied Thee with a home, and in the obscurity of a despicable town of Galilee Thou hast spent thirty years, yet still Thou art the Son of God! and a voice from heaven, it seems, proclaimed it in Thine ears at the Jordan! Be it so; but after that, surely Thy days of obscurity and trial should have an end. Why linger for weeks in this desert, wandering among the wild beasts and craggy rocks, unhonored, unattended, unpitied, ready to starve for want of the necessaries of life? Is this befitting “the Son of God?” At the bidding of “the Son of God” surely those stones shall all be turned into loaves, and in a moment present an abundant repast.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Matthew 4:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Matthew 4:3

Coming to him — In a visible form; probably in a human shape, as one that desired to inquire farther into the evidences of his being the Messiah.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the tempter:

Job 1:9-12 Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought? ... And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath [is] in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the LORD.
Job 2:4-7 And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life. ... So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown.
Luke 22:31-32 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired [to have] you, that he may sift [you] as wheat: ... But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.
1 Thessalonians 3:5 For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain.
Revelation 2:10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast [some] of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.
Revelation 12:9-11 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. ... And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.

if:

Matthew 3:17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Luke 4:3 And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread.
Luke 4:9 And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence:

command:

Genesis 3:1-5 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? ... For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
Genesis 25:29-34 And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the field, and he [was] faint: ... Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised [his] birthright.
Exodus 16:3 And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, [and] when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.
Numbers 11:4-6 And the mixt multitude that [was] among them fell a lusting: and the children of Israel also wept again, and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat? ... But now our soul [is] dried away: [there is] nothing at all, beside this manna, [before] our eyes.
Psalms 78:17-20 And they sinned yet more against him by provoking the most High in the wilderness. ... Behold, he smote the rock, that the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed; can he give bread also? can he provide flesh for his people?
Hebrews 12:16 Lest there [be] any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:1; 25:29. Ex 16:3. Nu 11:4. Jb 1:9; 2:4. Ps 78:17. Mt 3:17. Lk 4:3, 9; 22:31. 1Th 3:5. He 12:16. Rv 2:10; 12:9.

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